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1. Enrico, Marco. Παρθικά – Parthica Ricerche sulla storiografia greco-latina di età imperiale sull’impero partico : il caso della Παρθική pseudo-appianea : Παρθικά – Parthica. Studies on Graeco-Roman Imperial Historiography of the Parthian Empire : the Case of Pseudo-Appian’s Παρθική.

Degree: Docteur es, Histoire et civilisation de l'Antiquité, 2019, Sorbonne université; Università degli studi (Gênes, Italie)

Appien est l’auteur d’une histoire universelle, l’Histoire romaine, allant de la fondation de Rome jusqu’à l’époque de Trajan. Parmi les livres qui la composent, nous pouvons remarquer la présence d’un Livre Parthique. Bien qu’Appien lui-même manifeste à plusieurs reprises l’intention d’écrire un Livre Parthique, la tradition manuscrite ne nous a transmis qu’un texte très problématique, intitulé Παρθική, qui n’est qu’un centon d’extraits tirés du Livre Syriaque d’Appien et des Vies d’Antoine et de Crassus de Plutarque. Il est évident que la nature de ce texte a engendré un vif débat sur son authenticité. C’est pour trancher la question que notre thèse fournit une nouvelle édition critique du texte de la Παρθική, prenant en compte les études les plus récentes sur la tradition manuscrite de l’Histoire Romaine ; mais surtout elle vise à prendre parti sur la question de l’authenticité de ce texte, en étudiant la méthode historiographique d’Appien et l’usage qu’il fait de ses sources. Compte tenu de cette analyse, nous pouvons conclure que la Παρθική n’accomplit pas ce que l’historien s’était fixé et que son contenu ne correspond pas aux informations qu’il avait déjà à sa disposition. C’est pourquoi il ne paraît pas possible de considérer authentique la Παρθική.

Appian’s principle surviving work, known as Roman History, inspects the events occurred from Rome foundation until the reign of the Emperor Trajan. Among its different books, we can notice the Parthian History. Despite Appian’s intention of writing a Parthian History, the test that reached us – called Παρθική – is made only of excerpts from Appian’s Syrian History and from Plutarch’s Life of Crassus and Life of Antony. It is clear that the characteristics of this test have generated an intense debate on its authenticity. Object of this work is to shed light on this issue, writing a new critical edition of Παρθική, that takes into account the latest studies of the Roman History manuscript tradition. Furthermore, this work has the aim of taking a position on the question of authenticity through a deep study of Appian’s historiographical method and his use of sources. From this analysis it results that Παρθική is not adherent to Appian purposes and its contents does not match with the information he had available. For these reasons it doesn’t seems possible to take the position of the book authenticity.

Advisors/Committee Members: Traina, Giusto (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Appien (95 apr. J.-C. – 165 apr. J.-C.); Livre Parthique; Pseudoepigrapha; Parthes; Crassus (114 av. J.-C. – 53 av. J.-C.); Antoine (83 av. J.-C. – 31 av. J.-C.); Plutarque (46 apr. J.-C. – 125 apr. J.-C.); Méthode historiographique; Appian (95 AD – 165 AD); Parthian History; Pseudoepigrapha; Parthians; Crassus (114 BC – 53 BC); Antony (83 BC – 31 BC); Plutarch (46 AD – 125 AD); Historiographical method

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APA (6th Edition):

Enrico, M. (2019). Παρθικά – Parthica Ricerche sulla storiografia greco-latina di età imperiale sull’impero partico : il caso della Παρθική pseudo-appianea : Παρθικά – Parthica. Studies on Graeco-Roman Imperial Historiography of the Parthian Empire : the Case of Pseudo-Appian’s Παρθική. (Doctoral Dissertation). Sorbonne université; Università degli studi (Gênes, Italie). Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2019SORUL043

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Enrico, Marco. “Παρθικά – Parthica Ricerche sulla storiografia greco-latina di età imperiale sull’impero partico : il caso della Παρθική pseudo-appianea : Παρθικά – Parthica. Studies on Graeco-Roman Imperial Historiography of the Parthian Empire : the Case of Pseudo-Appian’s Παρθική.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, Sorbonne université; Università degli studi (Gênes, Italie). Accessed October 21, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2019SORUL043.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Enrico, Marco. “Παρθικά – Parthica Ricerche sulla storiografia greco-latina di età imperiale sull’impero partico : il caso della Παρθική pseudo-appianea : Παρθικά – Parthica. Studies on Graeco-Roman Imperial Historiography of the Parthian Empire : the Case of Pseudo-Appian’s Παρθική.” 2019. Web. 21 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Enrico M. Παρθικά – Parthica Ricerche sulla storiografia greco-latina di età imperiale sull’impero partico : il caso della Παρθική pseudo-appianea : Παρθικά – Parthica. Studies on Graeco-Roman Imperial Historiography of the Parthian Empire : the Case of Pseudo-Appian’s Παρθική. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Sorbonne université; Università degli studi (Gênes, Italie); 2019. [cited 2019 Oct 21]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2019SORUL043.

Council of Science Editors:

Enrico M. Παρθικά – Parthica Ricerche sulla storiografia greco-latina di età imperiale sull’impero partico : il caso della Παρθική pseudo-appianea : Παρθικά – Parthica. Studies on Graeco-Roman Imperial Historiography of the Parthian Empire : the Case of Pseudo-Appian’s Παρθική. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Sorbonne université; Università degli studi (Gênes, Italie); 2019. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2019SORUL043

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