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You searched for subject:(Philip Kitcher). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of British Columbia

1. Ogden, Athena Dawn. Epistemic progress in biology : a case study .

Degree: 2002, University of British Columbia

The aim of this dissertation is to explore the nature of scientific progress and to broaden existing theories of what constitutes progress in science. I do this by means of a close analysis of the main post-Kuhnian philosophical accounts of scientific progress, namely those put forward by Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan and Philip Kitcher. I test these three accounts by reconstructing a series of scientific episodes in evolutionary ecology in terms of each account and then assessing the degree to which each account incorporates what is progressive. The episodes I have selected concern the resource competition research of Dolph Schluter on Galapagos finches and related work leading up to it. After distinguishing between macroscopic and microscopic levels in science, I attend carefully to the microscopic level of each episode as it relates to epistemic progress. This investigation demonstrates that some important aspects of scientific progress have been overlooked. I conclude that there are three main ways in which the philosophies of science surveyed do not adequately represent instances of scientific progress. First, the accumulation of factual knowledge is not well accommodated. Second, the role of evidence and argument in scientific theories is not adequately captured. Third, the fine-grained level at which much important epistemic progress in science occurs is often not accounted for. These criticisms relate to a more general tendency of contemporary philosophical accounts to emphasize the macroscopic level of entire research programmes and traditions while failing to attend to the microscopic level of progress inherent in a detailed case study. I end by offering a positive account of scientific progress in light of these criticisms.

Subjects/Keywords: Lakatos, Imre; Laudan, Larry; Kitcher, Philip,  – 1947-; Science  – Philosophy; Epistemics; Ecology; Evolution (Biology)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ogden, A. D. (2002). Epistemic progress in biology : a case study . (Thesis). University of British Columbia. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2429/12787

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ogden, Athena Dawn. “Epistemic progress in biology : a case study .” 2002. Thesis, University of British Columbia. Accessed September 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/12787.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ogden, Athena Dawn. “Epistemic progress in biology : a case study .” 2002. Web. 17 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Ogden AD. Epistemic progress in biology : a case study . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of British Columbia; 2002. [cited 2019 Sep 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/12787.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Ogden AD. Epistemic progress in biology : a case study . [Thesis]. University of British Columbia; 2002. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/12787

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Victoria

2. Sommers, Jennifer Heidrun. Overeating, Obesity, and Weakness of the Will.

Degree: Department of Philosophy, 2015, University of Victoria

The philosophical literature on akrasia and/or weakness of the will tends to focus on individual actions, removed from their wider socio-political context. This is problematic because actions, when removed from their wider context, can seem absurd or irrational when they may, in fact, be completely rational or, at least, coherent. Much of akrasia's apparent mystery or absurdity is eliminated when people's behaviours are considered within their cultural and political context. I apply theories from the social and behavioural sciences to a particular behaviour in order to show where the philosophical literature on akrasia and/or weakness of the will is insightful and where it is lacking. The problem used as the basis for my analysis is obesity caused by overeating. On the whole, I conclude that our intuitions about agency are unreliable, that we may have good reasons to overeat and/or neglect our health, and that willpower is, to some degree, a matter of luck. Advisors/Committee Members: Holder, Cindy (supervisor).

Subjects/Keywords: akrasia; action theory; addiction; agency; Alison McIntyre; applied ethics; Bernard Williams; body studies; Bourdieu; Cartesian dualism; Christine Korsgaard; compulsion; continence; deviance; diet; Distinction; Donald Davidson; dualism; externalism; incontinence; inequality; internalism; intuition; Irving K. Zola; Marx; medicalization; morality; Nichomachean Ethics; Nomy Arpaly; obesity epidemic; orthorexia; overeating; overweight; personal identity; Petr Skrabanek; Philip Kitcher; philosophical intuition; picoeconomics; Pierre Bourdieu; fat; free will; Gary Watson; George Ainslie; habitus; healthism; rat park; rational choice; rationality; Richard Holton; Robert Crawford; social class; stigma; taste for luxury; temperance; utility maximization; virtue; weakness of the will; willpower

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Sommers, J. H. (2015). Overeating, Obesity, and Weakness of the Will. (Masters Thesis). University of Victoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6589

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Sommers, Jennifer Heidrun. “Overeating, Obesity, and Weakness of the Will.” 2015. Masters Thesis, University of Victoria. Accessed September 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6589.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Sommers, Jennifer Heidrun. “Overeating, Obesity, and Weakness of the Will.” 2015. Web. 17 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Sommers JH. Overeating, Obesity, and Weakness of the Will. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Victoria; 2015. [cited 2019 Sep 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6589.

Council of Science Editors:

Sommers JH. Overeating, Obesity, and Weakness of the Will. [Masters Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6589

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