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1. Silva, Gilda Acioli da. Unidades de conservação como política de proteção à biodiversidade : uma caracterização perceptiva de grupos sócioculturais do entorno da APA do Catolé e Fernão Velho, estado de Alagoas.

Degree: 2006, Universidade Federal de Alagoas

Natural protected areas as biodiversity protection policies: perceptive characterization of sociocultural groups from the surrounding of the EPA of Catolé and Fernão Velho, State of Alagoas, Brazil - Nowadays, the world is passing through out a great increasing of devastation in natural environments, which have been drastically changed by different cultures. The discussion focusing the few protected areas which retain the biodiversity leads to reflections about what have been done in order to preserve the natural resources still remaining in the planet. In this direction, most of the nations that are preoccupied on the level of environmental degradation are creating legal procedures in order to protect their natural ecosystems. The appropriation and the neglect behavior of the human being related to the indiscriminate use of the natural resources of the planet have been made on an egoistic form. There is no consideration on the property pertaining to all generations. So, alternatives arise focusing to protect the natural wealth of human kind. Amongst them, it must be emphasized the creation of natural protected areas (called in Brazil Unidades de Conservação UCs), included in two different categories: 1. integral protection and 2. sustainable use. One of them is the Área de Proteção Ambiental APA (Environmental Protected Areas - EPA), which is classified in the category of sustainable use. The EPA of Catolé and Fernão Velho was created on the State of Alagoas, in Brazil, by the Law number 5,347, in May 27, 1992. As well as the majority of the created UCs, this EPA is in risky situation due to many negative anthropic actions even on its interior as well as on its surroundings. Considering this situation was developed this study in order to do an environmental evaluation of several activities related to the soil use and occupation in the surrounding of the Catolé forest, mainly the risks to the biodiversity. The dissertation is structured on three chapters: the Chapter 1 include the theoretical background based on two points: (1) environmental conservation as policies to protect biodiversity and (2) the participative management as tool for the sustainable development; the Chapter 2 is about the importance to develop researches on UCs; in the Chapter 3 are presented and discussed the field research results, including types of environmental negative impacts and perceptive characterization by different socioeconomic groups that act in the EPA and on its near surroundings). Previously, in February 2005, interviews were carried out in order to evaluate the present conditions of the UC management in the State of Alagoas. ... In order to detect if the management attended the Laws and to identify the difficulties for this activities, the questions were applied to the managers of the federal and state UC, respectively, Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA) and the Instituto do Meio Ambiente (IMA) in order to record the environmental changes: (1) to detect if the management… Advisors/Committee Members: Montenegro, Sineide Correia Silva, CPF:11366575415, MONTENEGRO, S. C. S., Marques, José Geraldo Wanderley, CPF:9999997998, MARQUES, J. G. W., Araújo, Lindemberg Medeiros de, CPF:31816320404, ARAUJO, L. M., Bastos Filho, Jenner Barretto, CPF:11069937568, http://lattes.cnpq.br/5357464861909269.

Subjects/Keywords: Unidade de conservação; Desenvolvimento sustentável; Caracterização perceptiva; Impacto ambiental; Natural protect areas; Sustainable development; Perceptive characterization; Environmental impact; CNPQ::OUTROS

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APA (6th Edition):

Silva, G. A. d. (2006). Unidades de conservação como política de proteção à biodiversidade : uma caracterização perceptiva de grupos sócioculturais do entorno da APA do Catolé e Fernão Velho, estado de Alagoas. (Masters Thesis). Universidade Federal de Alagoas. Retrieved from http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1131

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Silva, Gilda Acioli da. “Unidades de conservação como política de proteção à biodiversidade : uma caracterização perceptiva de grupos sócioculturais do entorno da APA do Catolé e Fernão Velho, estado de Alagoas.” 2006. Masters Thesis, Universidade Federal de Alagoas. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1131.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Silva, Gilda Acioli da. “Unidades de conservação como política de proteção à biodiversidade : uma caracterização perceptiva de grupos sócioculturais do entorno da APA do Catolé e Fernão Velho, estado de Alagoas.” 2006. Web. 16 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Silva GAd. Unidades de conservação como política de proteção à biodiversidade : uma caracterização perceptiva de grupos sócioculturais do entorno da APA do Catolé e Fernão Velho, estado de Alagoas. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Universidade Federal de Alagoas; 2006. [cited 2019 Jun 16]. Available from: http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1131.

Council of Science Editors:

Silva GAd. Unidades de conservação como política de proteção à biodiversidade : uma caracterização perceptiva de grupos sócioculturais do entorno da APA do Catolé e Fernão Velho, estado de Alagoas. [Masters Thesis]. Universidade Federal de Alagoas; 2006. Available from: http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1131

2. Klein, Achim. Annoyance indicators for various urban road vehicle pass-by noises and urban road traffic noise combined with tramway noise : Indicateurs acoustiques caractéristiques de la gêne due au bruit routier urbain : seul, et en situation de multi-exposition en présence du bruit de tramway.

Degree: Docteur es, Acoustique, 2015, Vaulx-en-Velin, Ecole nationale des travaux publics

La pollution sonore est un problème majeur pour les résidents des zones urbaines. La directive Européenne 2002/49/CE impose aux états membres l’établissement de cartes de bruit. Ces dernières sont construites sur la base de l’indice énergétique Lden, également utilisé dans les relations dose-effet établies pour prédire la gêne. Toutefois, pour l’évaluation de la gêne due au bruit dans les zones urbaines, la pertinence de cet indice est souvent remise en question. En effet, de nombreuses études ont montré que les caractéristiques temporelles et spectrales des bruits environnementaux influencent aussi les réponses de gêne et ne sont pas prises en compte dans cet indice. Cette thèse vise à contribuer à l’amélioration de la caractérisation de la gêne due au bruit des véhicules routiers en ville. Elle est basée sur des expériences réalisées en laboratoire. Elle comprend deux parties principales. La première partie a comme objectif de progresser sur la caractérisation physique et perceptive du bruit des passages de divers véhicules routiers en milieu urbain tels que les bus, les deux-roues motorisés, les poids lourds et les véhicules légers. Une attention particulière a été portée sur la caractérisation de la gêne due aux deuxroues motorisés qui sont cités parmi les véhicules routiers les plus gênants et sont peu étudiés dans la littérature. Dans cette perspective, un indicateur acoustique caractéristique de la gêne due au bruit routier urbain a été déterminé : il rend compte de différents attributs auditifs gênants en associant la sonie, un indice spectral et deux indices de modulation proposés dans le cadre de ces travaux. Dans les zones urbaines, les riverains sont souvent exposés à la circulation routière en présence d’autres sources de bruit de l’environnement. L’objectif principal de la deuxième partie est la prédiction de la gêne totale due au bruit du trafic routier urbain combiné avec le bruit de tramway. Dans le but de caractériser la gêne totale, les phénomènes perceptifs liés à la combinaison de ces bruits sont tout d’abord étudiés. Ensuite, l’indicateur proposé précédemment pour caractériser la gêne due au bruit des passages de différents véhicules routiers est testé lorsque différents trafics routiers urbains sont considérés. Sur la base de ces résultats, des modèles permettant de caractériser la gêne due au bruit de trafic routier urbain combiné au bruit de tramway ont été proposés.

Noise pollution is a major concern for residents of urban areas. To date, the European directive 2002/49/CE requires member states to represent community noise through noise maps. These are produced using the Lden (day-evening-night level) index which is also employed for dose-effect relationships in noise annoyance prediction. However, for the assessment of noise annoyance in urban areas, its relevance is often questioned. Numerous studies have shown that noise annoyance due to community noise is not solely based on the sound pressure level and other acoustical signal characteristics such as temporal and spectral features…

Advisors/Committee Members: Marquis-Favre, Catherine (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Gêne de court terme; Environnement simulé; Gêne totale; Multi-exposition au bruit; Mono-exposition; Bruit de tramway; Indice de modulation; Indice spectral; Bruit de trafic routier urbain; Deux-roues motorisés; Bruit de passage de véhicules routiers en milieu urbain; Caractérisation physique et perceptive; Expérimentation en laboratoire; Short-term noise annoyance; Simulated environment; Laboratory; Total annoyance; Combined noise exposure; Single noise exposure; Tramway traffic; Modulation indices; Spectral index; Urban road traffic; Powered-two-wheelers; Urban road single-vehicle pass-by noises; Physical and perceptual characterization

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Klein, A. (2015). Annoyance indicators for various urban road vehicle pass-by noises and urban road traffic noise combined with tramway noise : Indicateurs acoustiques caractéristiques de la gêne due au bruit routier urbain : seul, et en situation de multi-exposition en présence du bruit de tramway. (Doctoral Dissertation). Vaulx-en-Velin, Ecole nationale des travaux publics. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2015ENTP0002

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Klein, Achim. “Annoyance indicators for various urban road vehicle pass-by noises and urban road traffic noise combined with tramway noise : Indicateurs acoustiques caractéristiques de la gêne due au bruit routier urbain : seul, et en situation de multi-exposition en présence du bruit de tramway.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, Vaulx-en-Velin, Ecole nationale des travaux publics. Accessed June 16, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2015ENTP0002.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Klein, Achim. “Annoyance indicators for various urban road vehicle pass-by noises and urban road traffic noise combined with tramway noise : Indicateurs acoustiques caractéristiques de la gêne due au bruit routier urbain : seul, et en situation de multi-exposition en présence du bruit de tramway.” 2015. Web. 16 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Klein A. Annoyance indicators for various urban road vehicle pass-by noises and urban road traffic noise combined with tramway noise : Indicateurs acoustiques caractéristiques de la gêne due au bruit routier urbain : seul, et en situation de multi-exposition en présence du bruit de tramway. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Vaulx-en-Velin, Ecole nationale des travaux publics; 2015. [cited 2019 Jun 16]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2015ENTP0002.

Council of Science Editors:

Klein A. Annoyance indicators for various urban road vehicle pass-by noises and urban road traffic noise combined with tramway noise : Indicateurs acoustiques caractéristiques de la gêne due au bruit routier urbain : seul, et en situation de multi-exposition en présence du bruit de tramway. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Vaulx-en-Velin, Ecole nationale des travaux publics; 2015. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2015ENTP0002

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