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1. Ferreira Junior, Humberto Barbosa. O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003.

Degree: 2007, Universidade Federal de Alagoas

This dissertation aims to evaluate the sustainability of the industrial growth of the states of the Northeast from 1996 to 2003. To do so, it uses the methodology of the Green GDP, through the equation Industrial Green GDP = Gross Industrial Product (Depletion of Mineral Resources + Environment Degradation Costs), where depletion of mineral resources corresponds to the mineral extraction and the environment degradation costs are generated according to the proxies of the IPPS the Industrial Pollution Projection System. The behavior of the series leads to the possibility of a combination of growth of the industrial product vis-à-vis a contraction of the industrial green GDP, resulting in a paradox of growth. It is also generated an index of sustainability of the industrial activity, through the following relation: Gross Industrial Produtc-Industrial Green GDP/Gross Industrial Product, where the larger the gap between the gross industrial product and the green GDP, weaker is the sustainability. The research concludes that for the Northeast, the industrial economic activity is losing sustainability at 50% of its product.

Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Alagoas

Esta dissertação tem como objetivo avaliar a sustentabilidade do crescimento econômico industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no período de 1996 a 2003. Para tanto, se utiliza da metodologia do PIB Verde, adaptando-a para o produto industrial, obtido através do VBTI, o valor bruto da produção industrial, através da equação PIB Verde Industrial = VBTI (Depleção dos Recursos Minerais + Custos de Degradação Ambiental), onde a depleção dos recursos minerais corresponde ao valor da extração de bens minerais e os custos de degradação ambiental, obtidos através das proxies da metodologia do IPPS, Industrial Pollution Projection System, aplicados diretamente sobre o produto industrial setorial (que compõe a PIA-IBGE, Pesquisa Industrial Anual do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística), gerando assim uma estimativa de custo por cada setor industrial. Ao se observar o comportamento da séria, conclui-se pela possibilidade de combinação de crescimento do PIB industrial vis-à-vis um decréscimo do PIB Verde industrial, conduzindo a um paradoxo de crescimento. Gera-se também um índice de sustentabilidade da atividade industrial (ISAI), obtido pela seguinte relação: ISAI= VBTI-PIB Verde Industrial/VBTI, onde quanto maior for a distância do PIB Verde em relação ao VBTI, menos sustentável é a atividade econômica. A pesquisa conclui que para o Nordeste como um todo, a atividade industrial compromete a sustentabilidade de seu produto em um patamar de 50%.

Advisors/Committee Members: Lustosa, Maria Cecília Junqueira, CPF:90511107749, http://lattes.cnpq.br/2773042208823336, Lages, André Maia Gomes, CPF:34999434415, http://lattes.cnpq.br/2806933133676593, Araújo, Rogério César Pereira de, CPF:35781530363, ARAÚJO, R.C.P..

Subjects/Keywords: Valor bruto da transformação industrial; PIB verde industrial; Paradoxo do crescimento; Nordeste; Gross industrial product; Industrial green GDP; Paradox of growth; Northeast; CNPQ::OUTROS::QUIMICA INDUSTRIAL

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ferreira Junior, H. B. (2007). O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003. (Masters Thesis). Universidade Federal de Alagoas. Retrieved from http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1117

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ferreira Junior, Humberto Barbosa. “O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003.” 2007. Masters Thesis, Universidade Federal de Alagoas. Accessed June 25, 2019. http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1117.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ferreira Junior, Humberto Barbosa. “O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003.” 2007. Web. 25 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Ferreira Junior HB. O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Universidade Federal de Alagoas; 2007. [cited 2019 Jun 25]. Available from: http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1117.

Council of Science Editors:

Ferreira Junior HB. O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003. [Masters Thesis]. Universidade Federal de Alagoas; 2007. Available from: http://www.repositorio.ufal.br/handle/riufal/1117

2. Gregoire Rousseau, Jean-Benoit. Essays on the Economics of Happiness.

Degree: PhD, Economics, 2009, University of Michigan

The first chapter demonstrates that although it is possible to design utility functions that behave like empirical well-being, the functional forms relying on income adaptation and social comparisons put forward in the happiness literature fail to receive empirical validation. Under the income adaptation conjecture, utility functions that can convert the kind of economic expansion experienced in the US in a non-growing happiness flow exhibit extremely high levels of adaptation that are not observed in individual level regressions. Functions that represent the preferences of agents who compare their income with the income in their region fail to explain why richer countries tend to be happier. The second chapter of this dissertation shows that the lack of growth in average well-being, despite substantial GDP per capita growth, in the US is not a paradox. It can be explained by changes in the income distribution and the concavity of the happiness function. Since 1975 in the United-States practically all of the income gains have accrued to the richest 20% households. During that time, happiness has stagnated for the rich and fallen for the poor which is interpreted has rising happiness inequality. This pattern of spreading well-being between the income groups is also observed in Europe. These phenomena reflect the fact that although ``money buys happiness'', the relationship between the two is concave. The primary objective of the third chapter is to document how men and women happiness differ. The secondary objective of the paper is to test whether gender specific factors can explain the decline in happiness of American women since the mid-seventies. The paper finds that well-being follows very different trajectory for men and women. Women tend to be happier when they are young; their happiness falls when they enter the labor force and declines onward. Men's happiness rises until they enter the labor market. Unlike women, men tend to get happier after retirement. Somewhat surprisingly, the analysis finds that weekly work hours are positively associated with happiness. Gender differences are identified and the results are consistent with the idea that labor force participation takes time away from women's production of happiness. Advisors/Committee Members: Kimball, Miles S. (committee member), Silverman, Daniel Susman (committee member), Schwarz, Norbert W. (committee member), Willis, Robert J. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Economics of Happiness, Welfare, Life Satisfaction, Gender, Life Cycle, Easterlin Paradox, Income Inequality, Economic Growth,; Subjective Well-Being; Economics; Business

…provides an empirical test of the notion that the lack of growth in aggregate happiness in the US… …and social comparison. This interpretation of the Easterlin paradox has led some to conclude… …that economic growth should not be an objective of modern governments. The analysis in the… …growth into general happiness, the focus of the second chapter. Chapter III, entitled… …pattern of economic growth with no increase in average happiness is not inconsistent with agents… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Gregoire Rousseau, J. (2009). Essays on the Economics of Happiness. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/64721

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Gregoire Rousseau, Jean-Benoit. “Essays on the Economics of Happiness.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan. Accessed June 25, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/64721.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Gregoire Rousseau, Jean-Benoit. “Essays on the Economics of Happiness.” 2009. Web. 25 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Gregoire Rousseau J. Essays on the Economics of Happiness. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2009. [cited 2019 Jun 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/64721.

Council of Science Editors:

Gregoire Rousseau J. Essays on the Economics of Happiness. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2009. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/64721

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