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You searched for subject:(Pantheismusstreit). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Cambridge

1. Green, Jonathan. Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815.

Degree: PhD, 2018, University of Cambridge

Amidst the upheaval of the French Revolution, the British parliamentarian and political theorist Edmund Burke received a vibrant reception in German-speaking Europe. Anxious to uncover the ideological roots of the anarchy that enveloped France – and worried that their own society might be vulnerable to a similar fate – a series of important German thinkers began studying his Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790). This dissertation brings into focus the diverse interpretations of Burke that were assembled in this turbulent era, and explains them vis-à-vis contemporary debates among German idealists (Kant and his heirs) about the philosophical nature of freedom. This dissertation centers on Burke’s three most perceptive and influential students: the civil servant and philosopher August Wilhelm Rehberg; the journalist, translator, and diplomat Friedrich Gentz; and the political economist and cultural critic Adam Müller. For many decades, both German- and English-speaking intellectual historians have shoehorned these thinkers into a rigid ideological box labeled ‘conservatism’. Inspired by Burke, they are said to have turned away from the ideals of Enlightenment, theorizing an illiberal form of politics that was traditionalistic, authoritarian, and reactionary. A careful, contextualized reconstruction of their engagements with Burke, however, renders this thesis untenable. Far from triggering a monolithic backlash against Enlightenment, Burke in fact inspired a series of divergent, and often incompatible, analyses of the Revolution’s origins, grounded in different readings of his Reflections. Rehberg, for instance, saw Burke as a principled skeptic: he admired the Reflections as an incisive critique of the revolutionaries’ philosophical dogmatism. Gentz, an erstwhile student of Kant, disagreed completely, arguing that Burke’s politics were entirely compatible with Kantian metaphysics. In his view, the Reflections’ central insight was that it takes political prudence to realize the rights of man in practice. Müller, finally, read the Reflections as a lament for the fall of Christendom, and as a diagnosis of the social alienation and moral confusion that had followed its demise. In other words, whereas Rehberg was a Humean skeptic and Gentz was a Kantian liberal, Müller was a Trinitarian Christian. Each of these men, moreover, claimed Burke as an ally. What this means is that Rehberg, Gentz, and Müller cannot have jointly invented a single thing called ‘conservatism’, and Burke cannot have inspired it. This becomes clear only after we recognize that at the turn of the nineteenth century, neither the meaning of Enlightenment nor the crux of Burke’s Reflections was clear: these were not fixed variables, but points of contemporary debate. By recapturing the diversity of Burke’s German reception, this thesis invites scholars to consider the ways that his students shepherded their differing visions of Enlightenment through the fires of the Revolution, down into the nineteenth century.

Subjects/Keywords: Burke; Gentz; Müller; Rehberg; Kant; Meinecke; Schmitt; Braune; Mannheim; Enlightenment; Aufklärung; counter-Enlightenment; Romanticism; conservatism; German idealism; German nationalism; Hume; Pantheismusstreit

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Green, J. (2018). Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Cambridge. Retrieved from https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Green, Jonathan. “Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cambridge. Accessed September 25, 2020. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Green, Jonathan. “Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815.” 2018. Web. 25 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Green J. Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2018. [cited 2020 Sep 25]. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121.

Council of Science Editors:

Green J. Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2018. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121


University of Cambridge

2. Green, Jonathan. Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815.

Degree: PhD, 2018, University of Cambridge

Amidst the upheaval of the French Revolution, the British parliamentarian and political theorist Edmund Burke received a vibrant reception in German-speaking Europe. Anxious to uncover the ideological roots of the anarchy that enveloped France – and worried that their own society might be vulnerable to a similar fate – a series of important German thinkers began studying his Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790). This dissertation brings into focus the diverse interpretations of Burke that were assembled in this turbulent era, and explains them vis-à-vis contemporary debates among German idealists (Kant and his heirs) about the philosophical nature of freedom. This dissertation centers on Burke’s three most perceptive and influential students: the civil servant and philosopher August Wilhelm Rehberg; the journalist, translator, and diplomat Friedrich Gentz; and the political economist and cultural critic Adam Müller. For many decades, both German- and English-speaking intellectual historians have shoehorned these thinkers into a rigid ideological box labeled ‘conservatism’. Inspired by Burke, they are said to have turned away from the ideals of Enlightenment, theorizing an illiberal form of politics that was traditionalistic, authoritarian, and reactionary. A careful, contextualized reconstruction of their engagements with Burke, however, renders this thesis untenable. Far from triggering a monolithic backlash against Enlightenment, Burke in fact inspired a series of divergent, and often incompatible, analyses of the Revolution’s origins, grounded in different readings of his Reflections. Rehberg, for instance, saw Burke as a principled skeptic: he admired the Reflections as an incisive critique of the revolutionaries’ philosophical dogmatism. Gentz, an erstwhile student of Kant, disagreed completely, arguing that Burke’s politics were entirely compatible with Kantian metaphysics. In his view, the Reflections’ central insight was that it takes political prudence to realize the rights of man in practice. Müller, finally, read the Reflections as a lament for the fall of Christendom, and as a diagnosis of the social alienation and moral confusion that had followed its demise. In other words, whereas Rehberg was a Humean skeptic and Gentz was a Kantian liberal, Müller was a Trinitarian Christian. Each of these men, moreover, claimed Burke as an ally. What this means is that Rehberg, Gentz, and Müller cannot have jointly invented a single thing called ‘conservatism’, and Burke cannot have inspired it. This becomes clear only after we recognize that at the turn of the nineteenth century, neither the meaning of Enlightenment nor the crux of Burke’s Reflections was clear: these were not fixed variables, but points of contemporary debate. By recapturing the diversity of Burke’s German reception, this thesis invites scholars to consider the ways that his students shepherded their differing visions of Enlightenment through the fires of the Revolution, down into the nineteenth century.

Subjects/Keywords: 320.01; Burke; Gentz; Mu¨ller; Rehberg; Kant; Meinecke; Schmitt; Braune; Mannheim; Enlightenment; Aufkla¨rung; counter-Enlightenment; Romanticism; conservatism; German idealism; German nationalism; Hume; Pantheismusstreit

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Green, J. (2018). Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Cambridge. Retrieved from https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.744627

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Green, Jonathan. “Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cambridge. Accessed September 25, 2020. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.744627.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Green, Jonathan. “Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815.” 2018. Web. 25 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Green J. Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2018. [cited 2020 Sep 25]. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.744627.

Council of Science Editors:

Green J. Edmund Burke's German readers at the end of Enlightenment, 1790-1815. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2018. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/274121 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.744627


Vanderbilt University

3. Vaprin, Nathanael William. Immanuel Kant and the Theory of Radical Democracy.

Degree: PhD, Philosophy, 2013, Vanderbilt University

This dissertation is intended as an intervention in the interminable and apparently antinomical philosophical exchange between political theories of radical democracy descended from Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe and liberal democracy descended from John Rawls. Radical democrats have deployed the friend-enemy distinction of Carl Schmitt to criticize liberal democracy as hypocritical and ultimately undemocratic in its refusal to critique its own ground; liberal democrats have riposted by characterizing radical democracy as dangerously anarchic. In this project, I read Immanuel Kant in dialog with the work of Ingeborg Maus to show in a novel way that contemporary radical democratic theories ultimately fall to the very critique upon which they indict liberal democracy, that they degenerate into the valorization of mere war, and that it was in fact in full recognition of this dynamic that Kant’s theory of liberal democracy begins. Kant’s theory of countervailing liberalism is ultimately discovered to be a politics of love over barbarism. The project ranges over a wide ground, from a close reading of Kant, to the 19th Century Pantheismusstreit, to works by Arendt, Hardt and Negri, Žižek, and Strauss. Advisors/Committee Members: Idit Dobbs-Weinstein (committee member), W. James Booth (committee member), Jonathan Neufeld (committee member), Gregg Horowitz (Committee Chair).

Subjects/Keywords: Antonio Negri; Michael Hardt; Slavoj Žižek; Ernesto Laclau; Immanuel Kant; Deliberative Democracy; Liberalism; Liberal Democracy; Radical Democracy; Democracy; Pantheismusstreit; Hegemony; Political Philosophy; Gotthold Ephraim Lessing; Revolution; Civil Right; Natural Right; Recht; Judgment of Taste; Tugendlehre; Aesthetics; Pantheism Controversy; Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi; Moses Mendelssohn; György Lukács; Rosa Luxemburg; Chantal Mouffe; Spinozism; Leo Strauss; Ingeborg Maus; Carl Schmitt; Hannah Arendt; Countervailence; Slavoj Zizek; War; Love

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Vaprin, N. W. (2013). Immanuel Kant and the Theory of Radical Democracy. (Doctoral Dissertation). Vanderbilt University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1803/13900

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Vaprin, Nathanael William. “Immanuel Kant and the Theory of Radical Democracy.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, Vanderbilt University. Accessed September 25, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1803/13900.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Vaprin, Nathanael William. “Immanuel Kant and the Theory of Radical Democracy.” 2013. Web. 25 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Vaprin NW. Immanuel Kant and the Theory of Radical Democracy. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2013. [cited 2020 Sep 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1803/13900.

Council of Science Editors:

Vaprin NW. Immanuel Kant and the Theory of Radical Democracy. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Vanderbilt University; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1803/13900

.