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You searched for subject:(Onset patterns). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Victoria University of Wellington

1. Turnwald, Anton Brett. Acute Hypercarbia in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Presentations to a New Zealand Emergency Department.

Degree: 2006, Victoria University of Wellington

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the presence of chronic bronchitis or emphysema, which causes a progressive airway obstruction, characterised by airway hyperactivity (Palm & Decker 2003). In New Zealand there are increasing numbers of people presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with COPD. COPD exacerbation results in hypoxia and respiratory failure that can be debilitating to the patient because the normal coping mechanisms fail and the patient can end up in a spiralling illness that has a high mortality rate if left un-treated. Hypercarbia is a direct result of hypoventilation either from failed coping mechanisms or respiratory failure from exhaustion. The question lies with, which patients have this hypercarbia during an exacerbation? Treatment patterns within the ED depend largely on the diagnosis of hypercarbia on presentation with an exacerbation of COPD. A retrospective descriptive design was used to examine the records of all presentations to ED of patients with COPD over a 3-month period to determine whether there is a subset group of people who present with hypercarbia. Data from records were extracted using a specially devised data extraction tool. Of the findings there were 114 presentations, amongst those 114 presentations there were 71 individuals, a number of them presenting more than once within the three months. 80% of the 71 individuals have had a smoking history of which 53% were female. Of the 114 presentations, 76 had arterial blood gases taken during their ED presentation. Of these 76 presentations 30 had hypercarbia and 46 were non-hypercarbia. These 76 presentations involved 58 individuals, with some individuals presenting five times over the three-month period. Three groups emerged, some who were only hypercarbia (n= 18), some in the non-hypercarbia group (n=35) and 5 individuals who had presentations in both the hypercarbia and non-hypercarbia groups. Data showed that there was no definable subset group of hypercarbia patients within acute exacerbations of COPD presenting to the ED according to the variables. However the sample of presentations (with a blood gas) found within the study suffering hypercarbia was much higher (31.1%) than anticipated. Further analysis showed that the hypercarbia group had a significant lower forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and a combination diagnosis of emphysema or asthma and congestive heart failure. An implication to the clinician is that identification of hypercarbia within COPD exacerbation is problematically difficult until the late signs are shown with the individual. By that time effective treatment patterns may have changed from the initial presenting problem. Future areas of research within this field needs to lie within the community, when are these people starting the exacerbation and what leads them to progression presentation to the emergency department? Also we need to know whether these people are chronic sufferers of hypercarbia or presenting after a period of days exacerbation within their own home? Advisors/Committee Members: Nelson, Kathy.

Subjects/Keywords: Patient treatment; Treatment patterns; Onset of hypercarbia; Diagnosis time; Emergency nursing; Respiratory; Evaluation research; Patient records

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Turnwald, A. B. (2006). Acute Hypercarbia in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Presentations to a New Zealand Emergency Department. (Masters Thesis). Victoria University of Wellington. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10063/55

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Turnwald, Anton Brett. “Acute Hypercarbia in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Presentations to a New Zealand Emergency Department.” 2006. Masters Thesis, Victoria University of Wellington. Accessed January 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10063/55.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Turnwald, Anton Brett. “Acute Hypercarbia in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Presentations to a New Zealand Emergency Department.” 2006. Web. 20 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Turnwald AB. Acute Hypercarbia in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Presentations to a New Zealand Emergency Department. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Victoria University of Wellington; 2006. [cited 2020 Jan 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10063/55.

Council of Science Editors:

Turnwald AB. Acute Hypercarbia in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Presentations to a New Zealand Emergency Department. [Masters Thesis]. Victoria University of Wellington; 2006. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10063/55


Universitat Pompeu Fabra

2. Srinivasamurthy, Ajay. A Data-driven bayesian approach to automatic rhythm analysis of indian art music.

Degree: Departament de Tecnologies de la Informació i les Comunicacions, 2016, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Les col·leccions de música són cada vegada més grans i variades, fet que fa necessari buscar noves fórmules per a organitzar automàticament aquestes col·leccions. El ritme és una de les dimensions bàsiques de la música, i el seu anàlisi automàtic és una de les principals àrees d'investigació en la disciplina de l'recuperació de la informació musical (MIR, acrònim de la traducció a l'anglès). El ritme, com la majoria de les dimensions musicals, és específic per a cada cultura i per tant, el seu anàlisi requereix de mètodes que incloguin el context cultural. La complexitat rítmica de la música clàssica de l'Índia, una de les tradicions musicals més grans al món, no ha estat encara treballada en el camp d'investigació de MIR - motiu pel qual l'escollim com a principal material d'estudi. La nostra intenció és abordar les problemàtiques que presenta l'anàlisi rítmic de la música clàssica de l'Índia, encara no tractades en MIR, amb la finalitat de contribuir en la disciplina amb nous models sensibles al context cultural i generalitzables a altres tradicions musicals. L'objectiu de la tesi consisteix en desenvolupar tècniques de processament de senyal i d'aprenentatge automàtic per a l'anàlisi, descripció i descobriment automàtic d'estructures i patrons rítmics en col·leccions de música clàssica de l'Índia. Després d'identificar els reptes i les oportunitats, així com les diverses tasques d'investigació rellevants per a aquest objectiu, detallem el procés d'elaboració del corpus de dades, fonamentals per als mètodes basats en dades. A continuació, ens centrem en les tasques d'anàlisis mètric i descobriment de patrons de percussió. L'anàlisi mètric consisteix en alinear els diversos esdeveniments mètrics -a diferents nivells- que es produeixen en una gravació d'àudio. En aquesta tesi formulem les tasques de deducció, seguiment i seguiment informat de la mètrica. D'acord amb la tradició musical estudiada, s'avaluen diferents models bayesians que poden incorporar explícitament estructures mètriques d'alt nivell i es proposen noves extensions per al mètode. Els mètodes proposats superen les limitacions dels mètodes ja existents i el seu rendiment indica l'efectivitat dels mètodes informats d'anàlisis mètric. La percussió en la música clàssica de l'Índia utilitza onomatopeies per a la transmissió del repertori i de la tècnica, fet que construeix un llenguatge per a la percussió. Utilitzem aquestes síl·labes percussives per a definir, representar i descobrir patrons en enregistraments de solos de percussió. Enfoquem el problema del descobriment de patrons percussius amb un model de transcripció automàtica basat en models ocults de Markov, seguida d'una recerca aproximada de strings utilitzant una llibreria de patrons de percussions derivada de dades. Experiments preliminars amb patrons de percussió d'òpera de Pequín, i amb gravacions de solos de tabla i mridangam, demostren la utilitat de les síl·labes percussives. Identificant, així, nous horitzons per al desenvolupament de sistemes pràctics de descobriment. Les… Advisors/Committee Members: [email protected] (authoremail), true (authoremailshow), Serra, Xavier (director), true (authorsendemail).

Subjects/Keywords: Music Information Research; Music information retrieval; Signal processing; Machine learning; Indian art music; Automatic rhythm analysis; Pattern Discovery; Bar pointer model; Bayesian model; Beat tracking; Beijing opera; Carnatic music; Hindustani music; CompMusic; Downbeat tracking; Eurogenetic music; Graphical model; Hidden Markov model; Isochronicity; Language model; Mridangam; Meter analysis; Onomatopoeia; Onset patterns; Ontology; Rhythm; Rhythm patterns; Percussion patterns; Particle filter; Sequential Monte Carlo; Data corpora; Rhythm similarity; Segmentation; Speech recognition; Syllabic percussion; Tempo tracking; Tabla; Tonic note; Tala recognition; Vocal percussion; Recuperació de la informació musical; Música clàssica de l'Índia; Òpera de Pequín; Processament de senyal; Aprenentatge automàtic; Recuperación de la información musical; Ópera de Pekín; Música clásica de la India; Procesamiento de señales; Aprendizaje automático; Análisis automático del ritmo; 62

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Srinivasamurthy, A. (2016). A Data-driven bayesian approach to automatic rhythm analysis of indian art music. (Thesis). Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398986

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Srinivasamurthy, Ajay. “A Data-driven bayesian approach to automatic rhythm analysis of indian art music.” 2016. Thesis, Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Accessed January 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398986.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Srinivasamurthy, Ajay. “A Data-driven bayesian approach to automatic rhythm analysis of indian art music.” 2016. Web. 20 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Srinivasamurthy A. A Data-driven bayesian approach to automatic rhythm analysis of indian art music. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universitat Pompeu Fabra; 2016. [cited 2020 Jan 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398986.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Srinivasamurthy A. A Data-driven bayesian approach to automatic rhythm analysis of indian art music. [Thesis]. Universitat Pompeu Fabra; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398986

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Norton, Cassandra Elizabeth. The Integration of Violin and Voice for the Solo Performer: A Set of Exercises, Studies and Short Pieces.

Degree: MA -MA, Music, 2016, York University

The violin has often been compared to the voice for its ability to connect with human emotions. Both violinists and vocalists have the ability to shape sound through pitch, timbre, dynamics and articulation, on a level as small as an individual note. Why then, despite these similarities, do so few musicians choose to play violin and sing at the same time? Difficulties often arise because the violin and the voice both demand a similar kind of attention from the performer. Through a series of exercises and compositions, this paper explores intonation, timbre, rhythm, harmony and improvisation as they relate to a violinist/singer. In its entirety, it forms a method, by which a performer can learn to play violin and sing simultaneously. Some of the materials developed address general musicianship and so may also be useful in a broader pedagogical context. Advisors/Committee Members: Sokol, Casey (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Acoustics; Violin; Voice; Singing; Singer-songwriter; Self-accompaniment; Self accompanying; Accompaniment; Musicianship; Music studies; Etudes; Composition; Improvisation; Duet; Trio; String trio; Music education; Cognition; Audiation; Pedagogy; Music pedagogy; Learning; Intonation; Timbre; Musical tone; Rhythm; Rhythmic exercises; Vocal exercises; Violin exercises; Studies for violin and voice; Music practice; Music warm-ups; Cognitive science; Cognitive psychology; Acoustics; Folk-song; Chopping; Chop; Counterpoint; Extended violin techniques; Accompaniment with violin; Bowing and breath; Breath and singing; Polyrhythmic exercises; Rhythmic independence; Musical games; Acceleration/deceleration music; Voice leading; Accompaniment patterns; Vocal onset; Singing with the violin; Iva Bittova; Andrew Bird; Karla Kilstedt; Cassie Norton; Bruce Molsky; Intonation exercise; Rhythmic exercise; Articulation; Dynamics; Chord shapes on violin; Improvisation exercises; Improvisation games

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Norton, C. E. (2016). The Integration of Violin and Voice for the Solo Performer: A Set of Exercises, Studies and Short Pieces. (Masters Thesis). York University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10315/32669

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Norton, Cassandra Elizabeth. “The Integration of Violin and Voice for the Solo Performer: A Set of Exercises, Studies and Short Pieces.” 2016. Masters Thesis, York University. Accessed January 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10315/32669.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Norton, Cassandra Elizabeth. “The Integration of Violin and Voice for the Solo Performer: A Set of Exercises, Studies and Short Pieces.” 2016. Web. 20 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Norton CE. The Integration of Violin and Voice for the Solo Performer: A Set of Exercises, Studies and Short Pieces. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. York University; 2016. [cited 2020 Jan 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/32669.

Council of Science Editors:

Norton CE. The Integration of Violin and Voice for the Solo Performer: A Set of Exercises, Studies and Short Pieces. [Masters Thesis]. York University; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/32669

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