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1. Hornstein, Sarah Shoshana. On Alienation and Imperialism: Synthesizing the Work of Herbert Marcuse and Samir Amin.

Degree: PhD, Sociology, 2019, York University

This dissertation builds on the idea that there is much to be gained by bringing Western Marxism and Marxist theories of imperialism into engagement with each other through synthesis of the work of two key figures: Herbert Marcuse and Samir Amin. Using Marcuse to supplement Amin (and vice versa) provides for a more complete understanding of capitalist imperialism on a world scale. This lends Marcuse an applicability/relevance currently denied to him while also allowing for an updating of his theory that accounts for changes in the operation of capitalism since his time. It also enhances Amins work insofar as it can be used to augment his analysis of the capitalist centres and their relation to the periphery. A key objective of the analysis this dissertation undertakes is to produce a more robust theoretical approach capable of increasing our understanding of the world and positioning us to better meet the challenges posed for human emancipation from an exploitative, alienated existence of suffering. Chapter 1 provides the necessary background for engaging with both Amins and Marcuses analyses of alienation by focusing on the work of Marx, Lukcs, and Freud. Chapter 2 engages in explicit discussion of Amins analysis of the world capitalist system and its development. Chapter 3 is concerned with Marcuses work and begins with discussion of the emergence of one dimensional thinking and technological rationality before turning to Marcuses analysis of alienation. The final chapter demonstrates the compatibility of Amins and Marcuses analyses and concludes by pointing toward some possibilities for future research. Advisors/Committee Members: Anderson, Karen (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Political Science; Critical Theory; Frankfurt School; Herbert Marcuse; Samir Amin; Marcuse; Amin; Imperialism; Marxism; Alienation; Alienation and imperialism; Political economy; Political theory; Social theory; Social and political thought; Western Marxism; Marx; Karl Marx; Psychoanalysis; World system; World Systems Theory; Dependency Theory; Freud; Marxist theories of imperialism; Centre; Periphery; Third World Marxism; Technological rationality; Enlightenment; Instrumental rationality; Instrumental reason; Technological reason; One dimensional man; One dimensional thinking; Commodity fetishism; Repressive desublimation; Exploitation; Proletariat; Working class; Bourgeoisie; Class struggle; Revolution; Delinking; Negative thinking; Struggle; Social transformation; Freedom; Human freedom; Transformative social change; Social change; Social struggle; Capitalism; Capitalist imperialism; New left; Estrangement; Totality; Totalizing; Domination; Liberation; Critique; Crisis; Crisis of capitalism; Critique of capitalism; Lukacs; Lukács; Technocracy; Marxist philosophy; Marxian philosophy; Marxist social theory; Marxian social theory; Sociological theory; Reification; Center and periphery; Centre and periphery; Imperialist world system; Capitalist world system; Capitalist imperialist world system; Advanced capitalism; Late capitalism; Obsolescent capitalism; Enlightenment thought; Enlightenment thinking; Administered society; Capitalist development; Tributary society; Tributary formation; Capitalist formation; Capitalist mode of production; Tributary mode of production; Capitalist society; Freudian Marxism; Marxism and psychoanalysis

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hornstein, S. S. (2019). On Alienation and Imperialism: Synthesizing the Work of Herbert Marcuse and Samir Amin. (Doctoral Dissertation). York University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10315/35803

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hornstein, Sarah Shoshana. “On Alienation and Imperialism: Synthesizing the Work of Herbert Marcuse and Samir Amin.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, York University. Accessed July 08, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10315/35803.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hornstein, Sarah Shoshana. “On Alienation and Imperialism: Synthesizing the Work of Herbert Marcuse and Samir Amin.” 2019. Web. 08 Jul 2020.

Vancouver:

Hornstein SS. On Alienation and Imperialism: Synthesizing the Work of Herbert Marcuse and Samir Amin. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. York University; 2019. [cited 2020 Jul 08]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/35803.

Council of Science Editors:

Hornstein SS. On Alienation and Imperialism: Synthesizing the Work of Herbert Marcuse and Samir Amin. [Doctoral Dissertation]. York University; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/35803

2. Cicalo, Jordan Christopher. Solving the Unsolvable: Western Responses to Otherness From Saint Augustine.

Degree: PhD, Sociology, 2015, York University

Theodor Adorno's writings on the interdependence of subject and object provided the impetus for this project. Following Adorno the work argues that agency comes from an awareness of the limitations of one's conception of the world and more generally of the existence of an external world beyond human determinations. In order to avoid the pitfalls of an unintelligible jargon through an abstract discussion that runs the risk of becoming esoteric, I then looks at concrete examples, instances in the past, of individuals struggling to find what they took to be an authentic subjectivity and, intertwined with this, a means of coming to terms with otherness. At the same time, I attempt to show by way of these examples—the point of origin for what I take to be ideologies that sought to eliminate the place for the subject. My intention is to examine the genesis of the Western expectation that otherness was something ephemeral, or illusory, something that could be definitively overcome. By virtue of the interdependence of subject and object, and in turn of agency as a product of the recognition of the non-identical, I argue that it is by tracing this moment and its implications that one can also find the starting point for, and thus have a better understanding of, contemporary attempts to eliminate, or constrain, the subject. As with Adorno's negative dialectics I want to clear a path to otherness through showing the failure of man's conceptions, but in this case through showing the failures of man's conceptions of himself rather than the failures of his conceptions of the external world. It is my contention that Saint Augustine’s theology, with his City of God especially as its culmination, present a kind of threshold for this kind of thinking, a point at which the wave of humility before the object and doubts about man’s place in the universe and his destiny, that perhaps prior to him had risen and fallen, finally broke and never rolled back. Every component of his thought was geared toward not simply transcending but definitively solving otherness. Augustine envisioned human beings as actually responsible for non-identity's existence and so as capable of doing away with it through orientating their action in such a way as to remedy the primordial error that was its cause. Paradoxically for Augustine it was agency itself that was the problem, man's self assertion had caused him to fall away from his divine nature, yet the error that accompanied Adam's agency could be cancelled out by obedient human action. Totality, obedience, and man as the cause of otherness were interlinked, inextricable elements of his approach. Following the discussion of Augustine's theology I proceed to examine the origins and characteristics of three other transformative ideologies or worldviews in Western history; the idealistic, the social, and the transcendental of Francesco Petrarch, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Arthur de Gobineau respectively. The crux of my argument is that the unique characteristics of Augustine's search for… Advisors/Committee Members: Walsh, Philip D. (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Epistemology; European history; Sociology; Epistemology; Ethics; Theodor Adorno; Walter Benjamin; Max Horkheimer; Dialectics at a Standstill; Critical Theory; Frankfurt School; Subject Object Problem; Subject Object Divide; Subject; Object; Agency; Non-Identity; Externality; Ontology; Instrumental Rationality; Instrumental Reason; Dialectic of Enlightenment; Alienation; Otherness; Philosophy of History; Dehumanization; Historiography; Saint Augustine; Petrarch; Jean-Jacques Rousseau; Arthur de Gobineau; Intellectual History; Historical Consciousness; Ideology; Worldview; Original Sin; Christian Theology; Authenticity; Subjectivity; Creativity; European History; Garden of Eden; Paradise; Freedom; Deliverance; Reconciliation; Salvation; Fall of Rome; Paradigm Shift; Objectivism; Neo-Platonism; Christian History; Western History; Totality; Universalizing Theories; Human Nature; Late Antiquity; Modernity; Totalitarianism; Benedetto Croce; R. G. Collingwood; Historical Methodology; Immediacy; Human Triumphalism; Human Exceptionalism; Western Triumphalism; Western Exceptionalism; Race; Racialism; Race Theory; Aryans; Aryanism; Social Contract; Emile; State of nature; Discourse on Inequality; Discourse on the Arts and Sciences; Renaissance; Autarkei; Autarchy; Scholasticism; Judgement Day; City of God; De Civitate Dei; On the Trinity; De Trinitate; Confessions; Secretum; De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae; Remedies for Fortunes Fair and Foul; Negative Dialectics; Aesthetic Theory; Ontological Subject; Philosophers; Transcendental; Eighteenth Century France; The Social; Aporias; Problematics; Identity; Identity Thinking; Herbert Marcuse; One Dimensional Man; Discovery of Society; Discovery of Individuality; Church Dogma; Middle Ages; Dark Ages; Enlightenment; Nationalism; Nation-State; Citizen of Geneva; Humanism; Humanist; Manichaeism; Church Fathers; Fathers of the Church; Bishop of Hippo Regius; Fall of Man; The Fall; Primordial Error; Primordial Past; Augustinian Studies; Race Conflict; Humanist Movement; Francesco Petrarch; The Fall of Man; New Adam; Max Weber; Third Reich; Houston Stewart Chamberlain; Nazism; Systems of Thought; Eschatology; Chiliasm; Millennialism; German Reich; Pan-Germanism; Primeval Error; Western History; European History; Western Intellectual History; European Intellectual History; Theories of Knowledge

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Cicalo, J. C. (2015). Solving the Unsolvable: Western Responses to Otherness From Saint Augustine. (Doctoral Dissertation). York University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30674

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Cicalo, Jordan Christopher. “Solving the Unsolvable: Western Responses to Otherness From Saint Augustine.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, York University. Accessed July 08, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30674.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Cicalo, Jordan Christopher. “Solving the Unsolvable: Western Responses to Otherness From Saint Augustine.” 2015. Web. 08 Jul 2020.

Vancouver:

Cicalo JC. Solving the Unsolvable: Western Responses to Otherness From Saint Augustine. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. York University; 2015. [cited 2020 Jul 08]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30674.

Council of Science Editors:

Cicalo JC. Solving the Unsolvable: Western Responses to Otherness From Saint Augustine. [Doctoral Dissertation]. York University; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30674

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