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IUPUI

1. Adhikari, Bishwodeep. The Contributions of Soil Moisture and Groundwater to Non-Rainfall Water Formation in the Namib Desert.

Degree: 2019, IUPUI

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)

Non-rainfall waters such as fog and dew are considered as important source of water in drylands, and the knowledge of possible sources of its formation is very important to make future predictions. Prior studies have suggested the presence of radiation fog in drylands; however, its formation mechanism still remains unclear. There have been earlier studies on the effects of fog on soil moisture dynamics and groundwater recharge. On the contrary, no research has yet been conducted to understand the contribution of soil moisture and groundwater to fog formation. This study, therefore, for the first time intends to examine such possibility in a fog-dominated dryland ecosystem, the Namib Desert. The study was conducted at three sites representing two different land forms (sand dunes and gravel plains) in the Namib Desert. This thesis is divided into two parts: the first part examines evidences of fog formation through water vapor movement using field observations, and the second part simulates water vapor transport using HYDRUS-1D model. In the first part of the study, soil moisture, soil temperature and air temperature data were analyzed, and the relationships between these variables were taken as one of the key indicators for the linkage between soil water and fog formation. The analysis showed that increase in soil moisture generally corresponds to similar increase in air or soil temperature near the soil surface, which implied that variation in soil moisture might be the result of water vapor movement (evaporated soil moisture or groundwater) from lower depths to the soil surface. In the second part of the study, surface fluxes of water vapor were simulated using the HYDRUS-1D model to explore whether the available surface flux was sufficient to support fog formation. The actual surface flux and cumulative evaporation obtained from the model showed positive surface fluxes of water vapor. Based on the field observations and the HYDRUS-1D model results, it can be concluded that water vapor from soil layers and groundwater is transported through the vadose zone to the surface and this water vapor likely contributes to the formation of non-rainfall waters in fog-dominated drylands, like the Namib Desert.

Advisors/Committee Members: Wang, Lixin, Li, Lin, Jacinthe, Pierre-André.

Subjects/Keywords: HYDRUS-1D; Soil moisture; Volumetric water content; Namib desert; Non-rainfall water; Fog formation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Adhikari, B. (2019). The Contributions of Soil Moisture and Groundwater to Non-Rainfall Water Formation in the Namib Desert. (Thesis). IUPUI. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1805/20533

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Adhikari, Bishwodeep. “The Contributions of Soil Moisture and Groundwater to Non-Rainfall Water Formation in the Namib Desert.” 2019. Thesis, IUPUI. Accessed September 21, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1805/20533.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Adhikari, Bishwodeep. “The Contributions of Soil Moisture and Groundwater to Non-Rainfall Water Formation in the Namib Desert.” 2019. Web. 21 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Adhikari B. The Contributions of Soil Moisture and Groundwater to Non-Rainfall Water Formation in the Namib Desert. [Internet] [Thesis]. IUPUI; 2019. [cited 2019 Sep 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1805/20533.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Adhikari B. The Contributions of Soil Moisture and Groundwater to Non-Rainfall Water Formation in the Namib Desert. [Thesis]. IUPUI; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1805/20533

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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