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University of Sydney

1. Maddock, Pamela Jean. Venereal Disease Control in the Progressive Era US Army: Managing Gendered Labour and Leisure in Militarised Space, 1870-1920 .

Degree: 2019, University of Sydney

This thesis shows how the US Army managed venereal disease in different military, racial, and geographic contexts between 1870 and 1920. It tracks local negotiations and wider shifts in practice and attitudes over the course of these decades in different militarized spaces: western territories, the Philippines, Mexico, and France. With each imperial context, military officers faced the problem of venereal infections with overlapping concerns about gender, labour, race, and empire. This thesis argues that military officers implemented VD control in ways that made race, shaped gender, and justified colonisation. As it traces VD control along the contours of American empire, this thesis examines how the army worked with and sometimes resisted the efforts of civilian reformers outside the military who were concerned about the behaviour and health of uniformed men elsewhere. It also highlights persistent concerns among military officers and Progressive Era reformers with the army’s role in shaping the conduct and character of the people it employed – concerns tenaciously linked to venereal infection rates. This thesis intervenes in scholarship on gender and the military, the social history of VD, and US imperialism in three ways. First, it examines masculinities in the military as interactive and multi-directional, seeing gender as built not only upon contested terrain occupied by army officers and middle-class civilian reformers but also dependent on and responding to contested femininities through the presence and labour of women in militarised spaces. In addition, scholarship has traced a shift from a Victorian manhood marked by self-restraint to a masculinity at the end of the nineteenth century marked by physicality, and this project examines the relationship between that shift and shifts in VD control. Second, while historians have looked at VD and the army during the mass mobilizations for the World Wars of the twentieth century and have asked how military approaches affected VD in public health, this project sets its temporal boundaries earlier. This periodisation allows us to ask how and why the same army officers approached VD differently in different places. Third, as this work traces continuities and discontinuities in VD control among the men who worked as agents of empire, it shows how leaders used VD management to meet the aims of American imperialism as national rhetoric shifted from manifest destiny to benevolent assimilation to making the world safe for democracy.

Subjects/Keywords: venereal disease (VD); US army medical officers; American imperialism; gender in the military; prostitution; soldier recreation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Maddock, P. J. (2019). Venereal Disease Control in the Progressive Era US Army: Managing Gendered Labour and Leisure in Militarised Space, 1870-1920 . (Thesis). University of Sydney. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2123/20784

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Maddock, Pamela Jean. “Venereal Disease Control in the Progressive Era US Army: Managing Gendered Labour and Leisure in Militarised Space, 1870-1920 .” 2019. Thesis, University of Sydney. Accessed December 15, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/20784.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Maddock, Pamela Jean. “Venereal Disease Control in the Progressive Era US Army: Managing Gendered Labour and Leisure in Militarised Space, 1870-1920 .” 2019. Web. 15 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Maddock PJ. Venereal Disease Control in the Progressive Era US Army: Managing Gendered Labour and Leisure in Militarised Space, 1870-1920 . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Sydney; 2019. [cited 2019 Dec 15]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2123/20784.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Maddock PJ. Venereal Disease Control in the Progressive Era US Army: Managing Gendered Labour and Leisure in Militarised Space, 1870-1920 . [Thesis]. University of Sydney; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2123/20784

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Garcia, Francis. La carrière des intendants militaires de 1870 à 1914 : The carreer of intendants from 1870 till 1914.

Degree: Docteur es, Histoire moderne et contemporaine, 2015, Université Michel de Montaigne – Bordeaux III

Les intendants militaires constituent une catégorie particulière d’officiers qui s’occupent des besoins de la vie courante du soldat. Ils sont crées en 1815 et remplacent les commissaires des guerres et les inspecteurs aux revues. Leur étude comprend deux parties. La première est destinée à présenter leurs caractéristiques sociales et militaires générales et leur place dans les débats sur l’administration militaire et la communauté militaire. Elle comprend les domaines suivants : - l’origine géographique, - l’âge et le grade au mariage, - la profession des pères et des beaux-pères, - la composition et le montant des dots, - les dossiers de demande d’autorisation de mariage, - les demandes de bourses pour les écoles militaires, - la place de la vie privée dans les appréciations données par leurs supérieurs. - l’origine du recrutement (saint-cyriens, polytechniciens, soldats), - les causes des fins de carrières - les grands évènements de la carrière (entrée dans le corps de contrôle de l’administration, interruptions de service, mutations), - la remise en question de l’intendance militaire au cours des débats sur l’administration militaire après la défaite de1870, et notamment sa place vis-à-vis du commandement, - la place des officiers d’administration et des médecins militaires, - l’image des intendants parmi les autres officiers. La seconde partie expose les déroulements des carrières, elle comporte les points suivants : - les résultats de la scolarité dans les écoles militaires et leur influence sur les appréciations données par leurs supérieurs et l’avancement ; - les carrières dans l’arme d’origine (l’influence des appréciations, des félicitations et des punitions), - les conditions du passage dans l’intendance (le concours, la formation administrative), - les carrières dans l’intendance (l’influence de la carrière dans l’arme d’origine, les rôles de l’origine et des appréciations dans l’accès aux différents grades, les projections de carrières à partir du premier grade).

The intendants establish an officers’s particular body who deal with the support of the common life of the soldier. They are create in 1815 and replace captains of the wars and inspectors in reviews. Their study includes two parts. The first one intended to present their general social and military characteristics. It includes the following domains : - the geographical origine, - the age and the rank in the marriage, - the profession of the fathers and the fathers in law, - the composition and the amount of dowries, - files of wedding authorization request, - applications for a scholarship for military academies, - place of the private life in the appreciations given by their supériors, - the origin of the recruitment (graduests of St. Cyr, graduests of Polytechnique prestige engineering school, soldiers), - the causes of ends of carreer, - big events of the career (entered the body of control of the administration, interruptions of service, tranfers). - the questioning of the military estate management after the defeat of 1870, in particular…

Advisors/Committee Members: Jourdan, Jean-Paul (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Armée de terre; Arme; Officiers; Origines sociales; Mariage; Etudes; Vie privée et notations; Administration militaire; Intendance militaire; Intendants; Guerre de 1870; Loi du 16 mars 1882; Ecoles militaires de formation; Commission de révision des grades; Ecole supérieure de guerre; Formation administrative; Carrière; Grades; Relations administration et commandement; Avancement; Concours; Notations; Officiers d’administration; Médecins militaires; Corps de contrôle de l’administration; Army; Element of the army; Officers; Social orgins; Marriage; Studies; Private life and appreciations; Military administration; Military estate management; Bursars; War of 1870; Law of March 16th 1882; Military academies; Commission of revision of the ranks; War college; Administrative training; Career; Ranks; Relations administration and command; Promotion; Compétition; Appreciations; Officers of administration; Military medical officers; Body of the control of the administration

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Garcia, F. (2015). La carrière des intendants militaires de 1870 à 1914 : The carreer of intendants from 1870 till 1914. (Doctoral Dissertation). Université Michel de Montaigne – Bordeaux III. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2015BOR30034

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Garcia, Francis. “La carrière des intendants militaires de 1870 à 1914 : The carreer of intendants from 1870 till 1914.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, Université Michel de Montaigne – Bordeaux III. Accessed December 15, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2015BOR30034.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Garcia, Francis. “La carrière des intendants militaires de 1870 à 1914 : The carreer of intendants from 1870 till 1914.” 2015. Web. 15 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Garcia F. La carrière des intendants militaires de 1870 à 1914 : The carreer of intendants from 1870 till 1914. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Université Michel de Montaigne – Bordeaux III; 2015. [cited 2019 Dec 15]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2015BOR30034.

Council of Science Editors:

Garcia F. La carrière des intendants militaires de 1870 à 1914 : The carreer of intendants from 1870 till 1914. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Université Michel de Montaigne – Bordeaux III; 2015. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2015BOR30034

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