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You searched for subject:(Menstruation Religious aspects). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Stellenbosch University

1. Pietersen, Bronwen Ilke. Exploring the factors influencing the beliefs about and attitudes toward menstruation of a group of South African female University students.

Degree: MA, Psychology, 2018, Stellenbosch University

Psychology

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that most women experience. Despite being a sign of sexual development and maturation, in many contexts menstruation is socially constructed and stigmatised as a taboo. Although some cultures celebrate menstruation as a rite of passage, many cultures tend to hold negative attitudes towards and stigmatise menstruation. Consequently, menstrual stigma often compels women to conceal their menstrual status and women tend to internalise the outsider’s perspective about their bodies. This self-objectification, characterised by body surveillance and body shame, could have adverse physiological and psychological consequences for young women, such as appearance and safety anxiety, reduced concentration on mental and physical tasks, lowered self-esteem, and negative attitudes towards menstruation. The primary aim of this study was to explore whether female university students’ attitudes towards menstruation differed in terms of age and religion. The secondary aim was to explore whether female university students’ evaluation of self and their bodies differed in terms of age. Further, this study also explored a number of possible biological, psychological and social factors, as predictors of attitudes towards menstruation. This study was guided by the biopsychosocial model, feminist and objectification theory to understand the complexity of women’s attitudes towards menstruation and the contextual factors influencing these attitudes. In this quantitative study, I used convenience sampling to recruit the 1517 female participants, aged 18 to 36 years. I employed a cross-sectional, on-line survey, using The Beliefs about and Attitudes toward Menstruation questionnaire, two subscales from the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale (Body Surveillance and Body Shame) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, to collect the data. Analysis of the data revealed that (1) compared to early adult women (24 to 36 years), emerging adult women (18 to 23 years) were more likely to believe that menstruation should be kept a secret and had proscriptions and prescriptions regarding menstruation, (2) emerging adult women were more likely than early adult women to engage in body surveillance and body shame; (3) there were significant religious differences regarding secrecy and, proscriptions and prescriptions about menstruation between these groups; and (4) various biological, psychological and social factors predicted the women’s attitudes towards menstruation. However, age differences were not significant for self-esteem between these groups. The findings suggest that emerging and early adult women differ in their attitudes towards menstruation and tend to engage in self-objectification. Multi-sectoral, psycho-education interventions should be implemented to address the taboos, secrecy and shame surrounding menstruation and women’s bodies.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING : Menstruasie is ’n natuurlike verskynsel wat deur die meeste vroue ervaar word. Ten spyte daarvan dat dit ’n teken…

Advisors/Committee Members: Van Wyk, Sherine, Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Science. Dept. of Psychology..

Subjects/Keywords: Menstruation  – Religious aspects; Menstruation  – Social aspects; Young adults  – Women; Menstruation  – Psychological aspects; UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Pietersen, B. I. (2018). Exploring the factors influencing the beliefs about and attitudes toward menstruation of a group of South African female University students. (Masters Thesis). Stellenbosch University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/103846

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Pietersen, Bronwen Ilke. “Exploring the factors influencing the beliefs about and attitudes toward menstruation of a group of South African female University students.” 2018. Masters Thesis, Stellenbosch University. Accessed January 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/103846.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Pietersen, Bronwen Ilke. “Exploring the factors influencing the beliefs about and attitudes toward menstruation of a group of South African female University students.” 2018. Web. 20 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Pietersen BI. Exploring the factors influencing the beliefs about and attitudes toward menstruation of a group of South African female University students. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Stellenbosch University; 2018. [cited 2020 Jan 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/103846.

Council of Science Editors:

Pietersen BI. Exploring the factors influencing the beliefs about and attitudes toward menstruation of a group of South African female University students. [Masters Thesis]. Stellenbosch University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/103846


University of Lethbridge

2. University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science. Orthodox Hindu attitudes to menstruation / Nicole Hembroff .

Degree: 2010, University of Lethbridge

Although menstruation is a biological process that occurs for women of a sexually mature age, many cultures associate it with symbols that shape and affect women's lives within these societies. This thesis examines orthodox Hindu beliefs about the origin and meaning of menstruation, which is fundamentally viewed negatively (i.e., adharmically). Drawing upon sources from the earliest to more recent Dharmasastra literature, the thesis demonstrates that orthodox Hindu menstrual taboos derive from menstruation's adharmic associations, which in turn affect attitudes towards women. The Dharmasastras also attempt to realign women with dharma by prescribing appropriate roles for them and act in tandem with the Hindu goddess tradition. Orthodox interpretations of Hindu goddesses configure these deities to serve as dharmic models "for" and " o f women, thereby transmitting dharma to women in ways that are perhaps more meaningful, accessible, and effective than the sastric literature alone. iv

Subjects/Keywords: Menstruation  – Religious aspects  – Hinduism; Menstruation  – Social aspects; Menstral cycle  – Religious aspects  – Hinduism; Hindu women  – Health and hygiene; Hindu women  – Social conditions; Dissertations, Academic

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Science, U. o. L. F. o. A. a. (2010). Orthodox Hindu attitudes to menstruation / Nicole Hembroff . (Thesis). University of Lethbridge. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10133/2600

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Science, University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and. “Orthodox Hindu attitudes to menstruation / Nicole Hembroff .” 2010. Thesis, University of Lethbridge. Accessed January 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10133/2600.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Science, University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and. “Orthodox Hindu attitudes to menstruation / Nicole Hembroff .” 2010. Web. 20 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Science UoLFoAa. Orthodox Hindu attitudes to menstruation / Nicole Hembroff . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Lethbridge; 2010. [cited 2020 Jan 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10133/2600.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Science UoLFoAa. Orthodox Hindu attitudes to menstruation / Nicole Hembroff . [Thesis]. University of Lethbridge; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10133/2600

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of California – San Diego

3. Goldstein, Elizabeth Wayne. Impurity and gender in the Hebrew Bible : ideological intersections in the books of Leviticus, Ezekiel and Ezra.

Degree: History, 2010, University of California – San Diego

The central argument of my dissertation is based on two bodies of literature. The first area deals with the categorization of biblical impurity and is articulated most effectively by Jonathan Klawans. Klawans demonstrates that there are two ideologies of purity in the Hebrew Bible, ritual and moral. The state of ritual impurity pertains to the human body, is unavoidable, temporary and can be cleansed. Conversely, moral impurity is incurred through behavioral choice. Three grave sins cause moral impurity : murder, violation of sexual prohibitions, and apostasy. No purifying activities can reverse the impurity. Moral impurity, unlike ritual impurity, has severe consequences. Either the land will expel its inhabitants or violators will be subject to krt, being cut off from their people. I have also based my argument on source critical scholarship and linguistic studies that demonstrates that priestly writing predates the writing of the exilic prophet Ezekiel. I show that Ezekiel distorts priestly ideas about women and their blood by intentionally confusing the categories of ritual and moral impurity. Furthermore, in the still later book of Ezra- Nehemiah, the word ndh, a term that previously referred only to menstruation, a cause of ritual impurity, has now come to refer to the general contamination of moral impurity. In Ezra, this transition has occurred, perhaps, unbeknownst to its author. Thus, there is a correlation between the ideologies of impurity in the Bible (ritual and moral) and an increasingly negative portrayal of women and their bodies. For prophetic writers, moral impurity became an effective way to speak about the experience of exile (586/7-530). The deity literally expelled the people for their sins. To the detriment of women, a regularly occurring bodily function, which even the pre-exilic priestly writers viewed as normative, became the symbol of the people's gravest transgressions

Subjects/Keywords: Biblical teaching Purity Ritual; History of doctrines Judaism Purity Ritual; Ethics in the Bible; Women in the Bible; Biblical teaching Women; Menstruation Religious aspects Judaism; Biblical teaching Sin

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Goldstein, E. W. (2010). Impurity and gender in the Hebrew Bible : ideological intersections in the books of Leviticus, Ezekiel and Ezra. (Thesis). University of California – San Diego. Retrieved from http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/9ft9w8ps

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Goldstein, Elizabeth Wayne. “Impurity and gender in the Hebrew Bible : ideological intersections in the books of Leviticus, Ezekiel and Ezra.” 2010. Thesis, University of California – San Diego. Accessed January 20, 2020. http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/9ft9w8ps.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Goldstein, Elizabeth Wayne. “Impurity and gender in the Hebrew Bible : ideological intersections in the books of Leviticus, Ezekiel and Ezra.” 2010. Web. 20 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Goldstein EW. Impurity and gender in the Hebrew Bible : ideological intersections in the books of Leviticus, Ezekiel and Ezra. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of California – San Diego; 2010. [cited 2020 Jan 20]. Available from: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/9ft9w8ps.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Goldstein EW. Impurity and gender in the Hebrew Bible : ideological intersections in the books of Leviticus, Ezekiel and Ezra. [Thesis]. University of California – San Diego; 2010. Available from: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/9ft9w8ps

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.