Satyo, Priscilla Nomsa.
Women in Xhosa drama : dramatic and cultural perspectives.
Degree: PhD, African Languages, 2001, Stellenbosch University
ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study aims at highlighting a crucial aspect of Xhosa drama: The portrayal of the role
women have been forced culturally to assume in society. A selection of Xhosa plays from
three periods (1958 - 1965; 1974 - 1982; and 1988 - 1997) is examined. In the process
of the study, the analysis and the interpretation of these dramas as well as the depiction
of women characters is examined.
Authors of the ten dramas under study advocate change through the powerful forces of
gender stereotypes and culture distortions.
The attributes that the authors commonly ascribe to women characters are passivity,
irrationality, compliancy and incorrigibility. An examination of the reasons behind this
proliferation of these female stereotypes and the lack of realistic women characters is
The study posits reasons why particular stereotypes appear in the works of several
authors over a period of time. The women characters are products of social conditioning,
that is, ideals or counter-ideals of the prevailing values of the authors' culture. They are a
symbolic fulfillment of the writers' needs.
The broad cultural perspectives of the authors also shape the texts they produce. These
dramas treat issues and themes, which become central to the formal and structural
ordering of the drama. Such themes have an impact at times on form and structure. In
each case the ideology of the class represented by authors under study is indeed reflected
in the text, to its detriment.
The dominating themes in the ten dramas are forced marriages and women abuse. The
authors are so preoccupied with injustices against women that they distort certain cultural
aspects by, for example, exaggeration. Women are constantly depicted as victims, while
there are no indications in the authors' depictions of women that perceptions of their
cultural role and status are in reality undergoing changes. The thesis is arranged as follows:
Chapter 1 introduces the aim, the scope, the theories and the methods of the study.
Chapter 2 deals with the development of plot within episodes in the dramas of the first
literary period (1958 - 1965). These episodes depict the different phases of the dramas.
A critical evaluation of the dramas by motivating their positive and negative aspects is
Chapter 3 deals with the development of plot within episodes in the dramas of the second
literary period (1974 - 1982). As in the first literary period, a critical evaluation of the
dramas by motivating their positive and negative aspects is examined.
Chapter 4 deals with the development of plot within episodes in the dramas of the third
literary period (1988 - 1997). A critical evaluation of the dramas by motivating their good
and bad points is undertaken.
Chapter 5 deals with woman as character in Xhosa dramas under study. A detailed
analysis of the main woman character in each drama is undertaken. Furthermore, a
critical summary of how the woman has been portrayed in the dramas is presented.
Chapter 6 presents…
Advisors/Committee Members: Du Plessis, J. A., Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of African Languages..
Subjects/Keywords: Tamsanqa, Witness K. – Characters – Women; Mmango, A. M., 1925- – Characters – Women; Mtingane, Amos – Characters – Women; Jongilanga, D. M. – Characters – Women; Qangule, Z. S. – Characters – Women; Mtywaku, D. T. – Characters – Women; Mkonto, B. B. – Characters – Women; Mcimeli, Rayman F. – Characters – Women; Mothlabane, H. E. – (Hlumela Elephylet), 1953- – Characters – Women; Ngewu, L. L. – (Lubabalo Livingstone), 1950- – Characters – Women; Xhosa literature – 20th century – History and criticism; Women in literature; Culture in literature
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Satyo, P. N. (2001). Women in Xhosa drama : dramatic and cultural perspectives. (Doctoral Dissertation). Stellenbosch University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/52615
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Satyo, Priscilla Nomsa. “Women in Xhosa drama : dramatic and cultural perspectives.” 2001. Doctoral Dissertation, Stellenbosch University. Accessed May 25, 2019.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Satyo, Priscilla Nomsa. “Women in Xhosa drama : dramatic and cultural perspectives.” 2001. Web. 25 May 2019.
Satyo PN. Women in Xhosa drama : dramatic and cultural perspectives. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Stellenbosch University; 2001. [cited 2019 May 25].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/52615.
Council of Science Editors:
Satyo PN. Women in Xhosa drama : dramatic and cultural perspectives. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Stellenbosch University; 2001. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/52615