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You searched for subject:(Life cycles stages). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Brigham Young University

1. Martinengo, Giuseppe. Gender Differences and Similarities in the Work-family Interface: The Importance of Considering Family Life Stages.

Degree: PhD, 2007, Brigham Young University

This study focuses on the importance of considering the interaction between gender and family life stages to properly understand gender similarities and differences in the work and family interface. Data for this study come from the IBM 2004 Global Work and Life Issues Survey representing 79 countries (N=41,813). This study is a first step toward a better understanding of similarities and differences among male and female workers across the life course and it shows that work, family and life outcomes are similar across groups, independent of life stages or gender. Six family life stage groups were created: no children and workers age 35 or less, transition to parenthood, preschool children, elementary children, teenagers, and empty nest (workers age 50 years or older and no children dependent). The findings indicate that gender differences increase when young children are present. Parenthood creates or maintains a more gendered family and work life. A key characteristic of the first stage is that gender differences are smaller than in later stages. In the transition to parenthood stage, gender differences increase substantially. For example, the difference in work hours increases four times from the previous life stage and males experience substantially more work-to-family conflict than females. The preschool stage is the stage in which gender differences in work hours and work-to-family conflict reach their highest point. In the elementary children stage, gender differences in work hours and work-to-family conflict decrease to a level very similar to the transition to parenthood stage. In the teenager children stage, differences in work-to-family conflict decrease to levels similar to the first life stage and differences in access-use of work-family programs decrease to levels similar to the transition to parenthood stages. Finally, in the empty nest stage gender differences are small and some are unique to this stage. Future research could benefit from exploring how the fit of the model may change with the addition of other important work-family variables that were not adequately measured in this study because the data were collected in a corporate setting. Employers could benefit from applying these research findings to the development of work policies and programs attentive to shifts in work-family linkages over the life course.

Subjects/Keywords: work-family; work-family interface; life stages; gender and life stages; life cycles; life course; Family, Life Course, and Society

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Martinengo, G. (2007). Gender Differences and Similarities in the Work-family Interface: The Importance of Considering Family Life Stages. (Doctoral Dissertation). Brigham Young University. Retrieved from https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2210&context=etd

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Martinengo, Giuseppe. “Gender Differences and Similarities in the Work-family Interface: The Importance of Considering Family Life Stages.” 2007. Doctoral Dissertation, Brigham Young University. Accessed October 19, 2020. https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2210&context=etd.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Martinengo, Giuseppe. “Gender Differences and Similarities in the Work-family Interface: The Importance of Considering Family Life Stages.” 2007. Web. 19 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Martinengo G. Gender Differences and Similarities in the Work-family Interface: The Importance of Considering Family Life Stages. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Brigham Young University; 2007. [cited 2020 Oct 19]. Available from: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2210&context=etd.

Council of Science Editors:

Martinengo G. Gender Differences and Similarities in the Work-family Interface: The Importance of Considering Family Life Stages. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Brigham Young University; 2007. Available from: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2210&context=etd


Universidade Estadual de Campinas

2. Alberte, Josiane Souza Pinto. Fatores biopsicossociais no envelhecimento e percepção da qualidade de vida do idoso: Biopsychosocial factors associated with ageing and elders perception of life quality.

Degree: 2009, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Abstract: Considering the relevance of life quality among aging individuals, this study has been developed with the aim to compare factors that interfere with the perception of lifequality (PLQ) between two distinct groups of elderly requiring the support of two different institutions. One hundred and six pacients have been assessed between ages sixty and eighty of both sexes. Among these, forty eight were followed closely by the Geriatric Ambulatory of the Hospital das Clínicas at the Faculty of Medical Sciences - UNICAMP. The other group consisted of fifty eight subjects from the group of elderly of the Serviço Social do Comércio (SESC) from Campinas. The instruments used were: a valuation card of sociodemographic data, ie, physical activity, diseases/morbid states, number of medicines taken, stress factors, as well as the perception of their life quality in each of the cycles of life, such as infancy, adolescence, adulthood and old age; The International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI); questionnaire on life quality - WHOQOL - BREF. The results showed that the best perception of quality of life in the physical domain were related to physical activity and absence of pain, a good activity and good age, regular minor use of medication. In the psychological area of the elderly, the best life quality valuation was of those who did not present distimic disorder, reported a happy adolescence and old age, used less medication, and considered themselves happy. In the social sphere the best valuation of life quality was related to considering oneself as happy, presenting an absence of hipomania, no stress on account of loneliness, a good adolescence. As for the environmental domain, the best quality of life was associated with a good childhood and old age, a higher level of education, no disease as stressful event. These findings lead to a new appraisal of the concepts on old age and the aging process, considering the possibilities associated with a better life quality for the elderly. In this study the perception of the life cycles'quality, the use of medication, physical activity, evidence of distimia and hipomania, level of education, reference to pains, solitude and disease as stressful events, interfered with the life quality of the valuated elderly Advisors/Committee Members: UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINAS (CRUESP), Guariento, Maria Elena, 1955- (advisor), Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (institution), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas (nameofprogram), Brenelli, Sigisfredo Luis (committee member), Radomille, Maria Eugenia Scatena (committee member), Martinelli, Jose Eduardo (committee member), Carvalho, Olga Maria Fernandes de (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Idosos; Condições sociais; Atividade física; Saúde mental; Estágios do ciclo de vida; Comorbidade; Elders; Social Conditions; Physical activity; Mental health; Life cycles stages; Comorbidity

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Alberte, J. S. P. (2009). Fatores biopsicossociais no envelhecimento e percepção da qualidade de vida do idoso: Biopsychosocial factors associated with ageing and elders perception of life quality. (Thesis). Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Retrieved from http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/310907

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Alberte, Josiane Souza Pinto. “Fatores biopsicossociais no envelhecimento e percepção da qualidade de vida do idoso: Biopsychosocial factors associated with ageing and elders perception of life quality.” 2009. Thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Accessed October 19, 2020. http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/310907.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Alberte, Josiane Souza Pinto. “Fatores biopsicossociais no envelhecimento e percepção da qualidade de vida do idoso: Biopsychosocial factors associated with ageing and elders perception of life quality.” 2009. Web. 19 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Alberte JSP. Fatores biopsicossociais no envelhecimento e percepção da qualidade de vida do idoso: Biopsychosocial factors associated with ageing and elders perception of life quality. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universidade Estadual de Campinas; 2009. [cited 2020 Oct 19]. Available from: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/310907.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Alberte JSP. Fatores biopsicossociais no envelhecimento e percepção da qualidade de vida do idoso: Biopsychosocial factors associated with ageing and elders perception of life quality. [Thesis]. Universidade Estadual de Campinas; 2009. Available from: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/310907

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Miami University

3. Distel, Christopher A. Effects of an Insecticide on Competition in Anurans: Could Pesticide-Induced Competitive Exclusion be a Mechanism for Amphibian Declines?.

Degree: PhD, Zoology, 2010, Miami University

Amphibian populations are experiencing global enigmatic declines. One proposed factor in declines is pesticide exposure; however, the mechanism has not been described because exposures are often sublethal to amphibians. My research addressed whether pesticide effects could interact with natural factors to cause competitive exclusion in amphibians. My first study addressed whether intraspecific or interspecific competition and insecticide exposure affected syntopic tadpole species (American toads and northern leopard frogs) differently. I also followed postmetamorphic toads and frogs into the terrestrial environment to elucidate any latent effects of the larval environment. There were asymmetric responses between species to both factors. Toad tadpole survival was reduced with either competition or insecticide exposure, but not with both stressors. Leopard frog tadpole survival responded only to intraspecific competitors. There were no latent effects on terrestrial growth or survival. However, larger leopard frog metamorphs were more likely to survive and be larger at spring emergence.My second study addressed intra- or interspecific competitor density and insecticide exposure on tadpole survival and development. Three-fold differences in density of competing species were compared with even numbers of each species. Insecticide exposure reduced tadpole survival of toads but not leopard frogs. Both species experienced reduced survival with increasing intraspecific density. There were no interactions between competitors and insecticide on either species’ survival, and neither was excluded.My third study addressed insecticide exposure through time. A three-stage stochastic population model was built to determine whether the insecticide-induced reductions in tadpole survival could lead to extirpation. Insecticide exposure did not increase the risk of extirpation unless background tadpole survival was already low. With predation, insecticide exposure could begin to increase extirpation risk at greater background survival rates, but these increased risks were still relatively small. Managers seeking to ameliorate any effects of insecticide exposure on wild anurans should consider the presence (though not necessarily density) of multiple anuran species, because more species appears to reduce survival risks. However, over time it appears that the insecticide’s effects may not be as strong as those of natural biotic stressors, so exposure may not increase extirpation risk. Advisors/Committee Members: Boone, Michelle (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Agricultural Chemicals; Animals; Biology; Ecology; Environmental Science; Toxicology; Zoology; toad; frog; Bufo; Rana; complex life cycles; community ecology; aquatic food webs; carbaryl; carbamate; population model; multiple life stages

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Distel, C. A. (2010). Effects of an Insecticide on Competition in Anurans: Could Pesticide-Induced Competitive Exclusion be a Mechanism for Amphibian Declines?. (Doctoral Dissertation). Miami University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1280363910

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Distel, Christopher A. “Effects of an Insecticide on Competition in Anurans: Could Pesticide-Induced Competitive Exclusion be a Mechanism for Amphibian Declines?.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, Miami University. Accessed October 19, 2020. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1280363910.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Distel, Christopher A. “Effects of an Insecticide on Competition in Anurans: Could Pesticide-Induced Competitive Exclusion be a Mechanism for Amphibian Declines?.” 2010. Web. 19 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Distel CA. Effects of an Insecticide on Competition in Anurans: Could Pesticide-Induced Competitive Exclusion be a Mechanism for Amphibian Declines?. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Miami University; 2010. [cited 2020 Oct 19]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1280363910.

Council of Science Editors:

Distel CA. Effects of an Insecticide on Competition in Anurans: Could Pesticide-Induced Competitive Exclusion be a Mechanism for Amphibian Declines?. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Miami University; 2010. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami1280363910

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