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1. Brun, Juliette. Mod?liser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en ?vidence des effets g?n?ratifs du K-preordering gr?ce ? l'?tude du non-verbal : Modeling the expansive power of knowledge structures in design : how non-verbal supports knowledge preordering.

Degree: Docteur es, Sciences de gestion, 2017, Paris Sciences et Lettres

La th?se ?tudie le pouvoir g?n?ratif de la structuration des connaissances pour la conception innovante. Partant d?une analyse de la g?n?rativit? des structures de connaissances non-verbales, et notamment du dessin d?architecte, elle identifie un nouveau mode de conception en montrant comment une revisite des rapports entre connaissances favorise la g?n?ration de nouveaux concepts. En particulier, une restructuration des connaissances visant ? rendre la structure splitting, c?est-?-dire, sans rapports modulaires ou d?terministes entre connaissances, poss?de un fort pouvoir g?n?ratif. En session collective, les m?dias non-verbaux, tels que le dessin, les images ou encore le prototypage 3D, se r?v?lent ainsi particuli?rement favorables ? la restructuration des connaissances : trois conditions n?cessaires pr?sent?es dans la th?se doivent cependant ?tre r?unies afin de garantir la performance du non-verbal en session collective. Par ailleurs, ce ph?nom?ne de restructuration g?n?rative - aussi appel?e K-preordering ? diff?re de l?exploration classique par g?n?ration de concepts alternatifs. Les deux modes de conception ne sont pas pour autant incompatibles : la th?se propose ainsi un processus de conception alternant phases de K-preordering et phases de g?n?ration de concepts. Ce processus est notamment test? ? travers deux cas de recherche-intervention visant ? provoquer la r?organisation des structures de connaissances stabilis?es et partag?es ? l??chelle de l?organisation. Ces deux cas montrent en particulier comment un tel processus favorise la conception de programmes de recherche transdisciplinaires.

The thesis investigates the generative power of knowledge structuration for innovative design. Analyzing the generativity of non-verbal knowledge structures - especially, architectural drawings -, this work identifies a new design method by showing that the transformation of links between knowledge bases fosters concept generation. In particular, a restructuration that aims to design a splitting structure - a structure avoiding modular and deterministic links between knowledge bases - has a strong generative power. During collective creativity sessions, non-verbal tools such as sketches, pictures or 3D-printing, can enhance knowledge restructuration: however, three necessary conditions, which are presented in the thesis, have to be met in order to ensure performance of the non-verbal tools used during the session. Moreover, this generative restructuration - also called K-preordering - differs from the classic design exploration by alternative concepts generation. But the two design modes are not mutually exclusive: the thesis proposes a design process that alternates K-preordering and concept generation. This process is applied in two studies, which were led as action research and intended to foster the reorganization of knowledge structures that were both stabilized and shared at the organizational level. In particular, these studies show how such a process helps enhancing the design of transdisciplinary research…

Advisors/Committee Members: Weil, Beno?t (thesis director), Le Masson, Pascal (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Conception innovante; Conception non-Verbale; Th?orie C-K; Structuration de la connaissance; Recherche transdisciplinaire; Transdisciplinary research; Knowledge reordering; Innovative design; Non-Verbal design; C-K theory; 658.57

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Brun, J. (2017). Mod?liser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en ?vidence des effets g?n?ratifs du K-preordering gr?ce ? l'?tude du non-verbal : Modeling the expansive power of knowledge structures in design : how non-verbal supports knowledge preordering. (Doctoral Dissertation). Paris Sciences et Lettres. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2017PSLEM007

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Brun, Juliette. “Mod?liser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en ?vidence des effets g?n?ratifs du K-preordering gr?ce ? l'?tude du non-verbal : Modeling the expansive power of knowledge structures in design : how non-verbal supports knowledge preordering.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, Paris Sciences et Lettres. Accessed April 24, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2017PSLEM007.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Brun, Juliette. “Mod?liser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en ?vidence des effets g?n?ratifs du K-preordering gr?ce ? l'?tude du non-verbal : Modeling the expansive power of knowledge structures in design : how non-verbal supports knowledge preordering.” 2017. Web. 24 Apr 2019.

Vancouver:

Brun J. Mod?liser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en ?vidence des effets g?n?ratifs du K-preordering gr?ce ? l'?tude du non-verbal : Modeling the expansive power of knowledge structures in design : how non-verbal supports knowledge preordering. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Paris Sciences et Lettres; 2017. [cited 2019 Apr 24]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2017PSLEM007.

Council of Science Editors:

Brun J. Mod?liser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en ?vidence des effets g?n?ratifs du K-preordering gr?ce ? l'?tude du non-verbal : Modeling the expansive power of knowledge structures in design : how non-verbal supports knowledge preordering. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Paris Sciences et Lettres; 2017. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2017PSLEM007

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