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1. Maciel, Wilma Antunes. Militares de esquerda: formação, participação política e engajamento na luta armada (1961-1974).

Degree: PhD, História Social, 2010, University of São Paulo

O presente estudo buscou analisar a participação política e engajamento na luta armada de militares dissidentes das Forças Armadas. No período anterior ao golpe civil militar de 1964 que derrubou o governo do presidente João Goulart, vivenciaram com grande intensidade uma contradição entre seu papel de militar, idealizado pelas instituições, de mantenedor da ordem social vigente, e as aspirações e lutas de sua classe de origem. Esses militares foram cassados ou deixaram as Forças Armadas após o golpe, outros permaneceram na ativa e foram presos por estarem ligados a grupos armados. Todos combateram o desenvolvimento econômico nacional baseado no sistema capitalista associado e dependente e vislumbraram, no sistema socialista, uma alternativa de organização mais justa e digna. O golpe militar teve um grande impacto destrutivo nas suas trajetórias de vida e eles encontraram, na luta armada, uma maneira de dar continuidade às suas atividades e aspirações políticas. Organizações de esquerda como o MNR e a VPR, principalmente pela capacidade de organização e aglutinação do sargento do Exército Onofre Pinto, representaram uma resistência concreta contra a dispersão desses agentes políticos, provocada pelos órgãos repressivos.

The present study looked to analyse the political participation and commitment in the armed combat of military dissidents of the Armed Strength. In the period previous to the civil military blow of 1964 that knocked down the government of president João Goulart, they survived with great intensity a contradiction between his soldier\'s paper, idealized by the institutions, of bread-winner of the social order in force and the aspirations and struggles of his class of origin. These soldiers were revoked or they left the Strength Armed after the blow, others remained in the active service and were imprisoned because of being tied to armed groups. They all fought the economical national development based on the capitalist associate and dependent system and glimpsed, in the socialist system, the most just alternative of organization and worthy. The military blow had a great destructive impact in his trajectories of life and they found, in the armed combat, a way of giving continuity to his activities and political aspirations. Left-wing organizations as the MNR and the VPR, principally for the capacity of organization and agglutination of the sergeant of the Army Onofre Pinto, represented a concrete resistance against the dispersal of these political agents, provoked by the repressive organs.

Advisors/Committee Members: Aquino, Maria Aparecida de.

Subjects/Keywords: Armed combat; Judicial repression; Left-wing soldiers; Luta armada; Militares de esquerda; Military regime; Participação política; Political participation; Regime militar; Repressão judicial

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Maciel, W. A. (2010). Militares de esquerda: formação, participação política e engajamento na luta armada (1961-1974). (Doctoral Dissertation). University of São Paulo. Retrieved from http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8138/tde-28042010-091809/ ;

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Maciel, Wilma Antunes. “Militares de esquerda: formação, participação política e engajamento na luta armada (1961-1974).” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of São Paulo. Accessed October 20, 2019. http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8138/tde-28042010-091809/ ;.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Maciel, Wilma Antunes. “Militares de esquerda: formação, participação política e engajamento na luta armada (1961-1974).” 2010. Web. 20 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Maciel WA. Militares de esquerda: formação, participação política e engajamento na luta armada (1961-1974). [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of São Paulo; 2010. [cited 2019 Oct 20]. Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8138/tde-28042010-091809/ ;.

Council of Science Editors:

Maciel WA. Militares de esquerda: formação, participação política e engajamento na luta armada (1961-1974). [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of São Paulo; 2010. Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8138/tde-28042010-091809/ ;

2. Petit Frère, Renel. La répression pénale de la criminalité organisée : étude comparée des droits français et haïtien : The penal repression of organized crime : comparative French and Haitian rights study.

Degree: Docteur es, Droit pénal et sciences criminelles, 2014, Université Jean Moulin – Lyon III

La criminalité organisée constitue une préoccupation pour les pouvoirs publics français et haïtiens et sa répression pénale se situe au cœur des droits français et haïtien. Pour ce faire, les deux législateurs ont dû adapter leur législation pénale afin de doter l’institution judiciaire de nouveaux instruments répressifs permettant la détection et la répression des infractions de criminalité organisée. Celles-ci sont réprimées via une double approche répressive proactive et réactive. On remarque que le droit pénal de la criminalité organisée tant substantiel que formel opère un glissement du réactif vers le proactif. Il s’agit d’une logique répressive qui privilégie l’efficacité répressive sur le respect des principes fondamentaux. Le droit à un procès équitable s’y trouve alors malmené. Dans les deux droits, les personnes impliquées dans des infractions organisées sont sévèrement sanctionnées et la confiscation des avoirs criminels est utilisée à des fins préventives et répressives. Cette répression se fait dans le cadre d’une coopération policière et judiciaire efficace qui favorise l’émergence de nouveaux instruments de coopération provoquant ainsi la mutualisation et la régionalisation des normes destinées à la répression pénale de la criminalité organisée. Cette étude comparative montre qu’Haïti peut bénéficier de l’expertise judiciaire française fondée sur la spécialisation des acteurs judiciaires qui interviennent dans le procès pénal.

Organized crime is a major concern for the French and Haitian public forces and the related crime repression methods are at the core of the French and Haitian Criminal Law. In that sense, both legislators had to adapt their criminal legislation in order to provide the judicial system with new instruments of crime control to help detect and punish organized crime offenses. The latter are fought down via a double punishment approach that is proactive and reactive. We notice that the criminal law of organized crime, whether substantive or formal, slides from the reactive towards the proactive. It is a repressive logic that favours efficient repressive methods over the respect of fundamental principals. And therefore, the right of a fair trial is ill-used. In both Rights, the people involved in organized offences are severally sanctioned and the criminal assets are forfeited in order to apply preventive and repressive measures. This repression takes place within a cooperative efficient framework between the police and the judicial body and causes the emergence of new instruments of cooperation and the sharing and regionalization of the norms of criminal sanctions against organized crime. This comparative study shows that Haiti can benefit from the French judiciary expertise founded on the specialisation of the judiciary actors who participate in the criminal proceedings.

Advisors/Committee Members: Varinard, André (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Criminalité organisée; Répression pénale proactive; Répression pénale réactive; Trafic de stupéfiants; Blanchiment d'argent; Association de malfaiteurs; Bande organisée; Groupe criminel organisé; Méthodes spéciales d'investigation; Juridictions interrégionales spécialisées; Enquête criminelle réactive; Enquête criminelle proactive; Coopération policière; Coopération judiciaire en matière pénale; Entraide pénale; Organizid crime; Proactive criminal repression; Reactive criminal repression; Drug trafficking; Money laundering; Association with criminal intent; Organized gang; Orgnized crime group; Spécial investigation methods; Specialized inter-regional courts; Reactive criminal investigation; Proactive criminal investigation; Police cooperation; Judicial cooperation in criminal matters; Mutual assistance in criminel matters; 340

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Petit Frère, R. (2014). La répression pénale de la criminalité organisée : étude comparée des droits français et haïtien : The penal repression of organized crime : comparative French and Haitian rights study. (Doctoral Dissertation). Université Jean Moulin – Lyon III. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2014LYO30055

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Petit Frère, Renel. “La répression pénale de la criminalité organisée : étude comparée des droits français et haïtien : The penal repression of organized crime : comparative French and Haitian rights study.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Université Jean Moulin – Lyon III. Accessed October 20, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2014LYO30055.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Petit Frère, Renel. “La répression pénale de la criminalité organisée : étude comparée des droits français et haïtien : The penal repression of organized crime : comparative French and Haitian rights study.” 2014. Web. 20 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Petit Frère R. La répression pénale de la criminalité organisée : étude comparée des droits français et haïtien : The penal repression of organized crime : comparative French and Haitian rights study. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Université Jean Moulin – Lyon III; 2014. [cited 2019 Oct 20]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2014LYO30055.

Council of Science Editors:

Petit Frère R. La répression pénale de la criminalité organisée : étude comparée des droits français et haïtien : The penal repression of organized crime : comparative French and Haitian rights study. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Université Jean Moulin – Lyon III; 2014. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2014LYO30055

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