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You searched for subject:(Ignition modes). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

1. Motily, Austen. Evaluation of hot surface ignition device performance with high-pressure kerosene fuel sprays.

Degree: MS, Mechanical Engineering, 2020, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

Among the range of commercially feasible propulsion systems, compression ignition (CI) engines present many advantages for light-duty vehicle operation. In particular, CI engines remain an optimal choice for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) designed to operate at moderate flight speeds. However, one of the primary limitations of CI engines is that they require well-characterized, highly-reactive diesel fuel to operate properly. As the United States Department of Defense implements the single fuel concept and with global efforts to develop alternatively derived fuels, it is paramount that modern CI engines have the capability to perform with a diverse variety of fuel types. At its core, this challenge can be framed as an ignition problem, where low reactivity fuels and extreme operating conditions result in long ignition delays, engine misfires, and power loss. It is for this reason that novel ignition devices be developed to support reliable CI engine operation. Hot surface energy addition devices are a promising technology to improve ignition behavior, but the mechanisms by which the heating element supports the ignition process are not well understood. This study evaluates the performance and limitations of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) heating elements in functioning as continuous-use ignition devices for kerosene-fueled CI engines. Furthermore, it examines the interaction between a single high-pressure fuel spray with a hot surface device in order to identify the most important parameters for optimizing ignition behavior. Results of these experiments demonstrate that existing heating elements can accelerate the ignition process for fuels with a wide range of reactivities, assuming a sufficient surface temperature can be achieved. Reaching these temperatures in an engine environment and maintaining these temperatures for long periods of operation, with acceptable heating element durability, will be the primary challenges in developing next-generation ignition systems. Advisors/Committee Members: Lee, Tonghun (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Hot surface ignition; Rapid compression machine; Fuel spray ignition; Energy assisted ignition; High-pressure fuel spray; Ignition modes; Ignition device; Fuel spray heat release; Low-reactivity fuels; High-speed chemiluminescence imaging

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Motily, A. (2020). Evaluation of hot surface ignition device performance with high-pressure kerosene fuel sprays. (Thesis). University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/107927

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Motily, Austen. “Evaluation of hot surface ignition device performance with high-pressure kerosene fuel sprays.” 2020. Thesis, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Accessed February 28, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/107927.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Motily, Austen. “Evaluation of hot surface ignition device performance with high-pressure kerosene fuel sprays.” 2020. Web. 28 Feb 2021.

Vancouver:

Motily A. Evaluation of hot surface ignition device performance with high-pressure kerosene fuel sprays. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2020. [cited 2021 Feb 28]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/107927.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Motily A. Evaluation of hot surface ignition device performance with high-pressure kerosene fuel sprays. [Thesis]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2020. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/107927

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Michigan

2. Martin, Jonathan. Exploring the Combustion Modes of A Dual-Fuel Compression Ignition Engine.

Degree: PhD, Mechanical Engineering, 2019, University of Michigan

Compression-ignition (CI) engines, also known as “diesel” engines, can produce higher thermal efficiency (TE) than spark-ignition (SI) engines, which allows them to emit less carbon dioxide (CO2) per unit of energy generated. Unfortunately, in practice the TE of CI engines is limited by the need to maintain sufficiently low emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and soot. This problem can be mitigated by operating CI engines in dual-fuel modes with port fuel injection (PFI) of gasoline supplementing the direct injection (DI) of diesel fuel. Several strategies for doing this have been introduced in recent years, but these operating modes are usually studied individually at discrete conditions. This thesis introduces a classification system for dual-fuel CI modes that links together several previously studied modes across a continuous two-dimensional diagram. The combustion modes covered by this system include the standard modes of conventional diesel combustion (CDC) and conventional dual-fuel (CDF); the well-explored advanced combustion modes of HCCI, RCCI, PCCI, and PPCI; and a relatively unexplored combustion mode that is herein titled “Piston-split Dual-Fuel Combustion” or PDFC. The results show that dual-fuel CI engines can simultaneously increase TE and lower NOx and/or soot emissions at high loads through the use of Partial HCCI (PHCCI), despite an increase in emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and unburnt hydrocarbons (UHC). At low loads, PHCCI is not possible, but either PDFC or RCCI can be used to further improve NOx and/or soot emissions, albeit at slightly lower TE and still higher emissions of CO and UHC. This multi-mode strategy of PHCCI at high loads and PDFC or RCCI at low loads is particularly useful when low engine-out NOx emissions are required. Advisors/Committee Members: Boehman, Andre L (committee member), Lastoskie, Christian M (committee member), Lavoie, George A (committee member), Middleton, Robert John (committee member), Wooldridge, Margaret S (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: compression-ignition engines; dual-fuel combustion; advanced combustion modes; RCCI; HCCI; thermal efficiency; Mechanical Engineering; Engineering

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Martin, J. (2019). Exploring the Combustion Modes of A Dual-Fuel Compression Ignition Engine. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/153383

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Martin, Jonathan. “Exploring the Combustion Modes of A Dual-Fuel Compression Ignition Engine.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan. Accessed February 28, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/153383.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Martin, Jonathan. “Exploring the Combustion Modes of A Dual-Fuel Compression Ignition Engine.” 2019. Web. 28 Feb 2021.

Vancouver:

Martin J. Exploring the Combustion Modes of A Dual-Fuel Compression Ignition Engine. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2019. [cited 2021 Feb 28]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/153383.

Council of Science Editors:

Martin J. Exploring the Combustion Modes of A Dual-Fuel Compression Ignition Engine. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/153383

.