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Northeastern University

1. Reach, Jacob. Equity And Outcome Gaps In Texas Following House Bill 1 (2011).

Degree: EdD, School of Education, 2019, Northeastern University

The purpose of this study was to determine how equity changed following Texas House Bill 1 (2011) and whether the change in equity correlated with a change in standardized test scores. The major research question was to determine whether school funding correlates to changes with student outcomes in reading and math. Using the equity framework of school finance, this study looked at how horizontal equity and fiscal neutrality changed during an 8-year period from 2009 to 2016. The equity measures were then compared to reading and math scores on a nationally administrated standardized test for students in fourth grade. The study found that although equity and funding decreased immediately after changes in state law in 2011, per-pupil spending increased surpassing 2009 amounts and equity increased. Most of these increases came from an increased share of local funding through property taxes, which increased as property value across Texas also increased, despite decreased federal and state funding. Recommendations include continuing to research ways to measure changes of equity and compare those changes to student outcomes to better evaluate school finance systems. This study did not reveal a connection between equity and outcomes but provided greater understanding on how equity did change in Texas, which can help led to better policy decisions when developing state funding systems for public education in the future. Keywords: Equity, school finance, Texas House Bill 1 (2011), student outcomes.

Subjects/Keywords: Equity; School Finance; Student Outcomes; Texas House Bill 1 (2011); Educational leadership; Education finance

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Reach, J. (2019). Equity And Outcome Gaps In Texas Following House Bill 1 (2011). (Doctoral Dissertation). Northeastern University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2047/D20316520

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Reach, Jacob. “Equity And Outcome Gaps In Texas Following House Bill 1 (2011).” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, Northeastern University. Accessed March 04, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/D20316520.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Reach, Jacob. “Equity And Outcome Gaps In Texas Following House Bill 1 (2011).” 2019. Web. 04 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Reach J. Equity And Outcome Gaps In Texas Following House Bill 1 (2011). [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Northeastern University; 2019. [cited 2021 Mar 04]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2047/D20316520.

Council of Science Editors:

Reach J. Equity And Outcome Gaps In Texas Following House Bill 1 (2011). [Doctoral Dissertation]. Northeastern University; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2047/D20316520


University of North Texas

2. Womack, Dennis E. The Impact of Target Revenue Funding on Public School Districts in North Texas.

Degree: 2014, University of North Texas

A pre–post case study was conducted to examine how target revenue funding from Texas House Bill 1 (2006) has impacted the school districts within the Texas Education Service Center Region X area. Forced by the courts, the Texas Legislature was required to fix the Texas school finance system because of a de facto statewide property tax it had created by capping school district’s maintenance & operations tax rate at $1.50. Texas Governor Rick Perry used this opportunity to reduce school district M&O taxes by one-third. The Texas Legislature passed House Bill 1 (2006), the Public School Finance and Property Tax Relief Act, in response to the courts and to address a continuous decline in state funding support for public education. The Public School Finance and Property Tax Relief Act reduced local school districts’ property tax rates and revenue with the assurance that these funds would be exchanged for state aid. Local school property taxes were reduced over two years, 2006–2007 and 2007-2008, by 33%. In order for the State of Texas to meet the state aid funding guarantee from House Bill 1 (2006), each school district was frozen to its 2005–2006 revenue per weighted student, which was called a district’s revenue target. This study examined the impact target revenue has had on these school districts by analyzing and comparing revenues and expenditures prior to and following the law’s implementation. Specifically, changes in per-student revenue, per-student expenditures, and district fund balances were assessed. Advisors/Committee Members: Camp, William E., King, Kelley M. (Kelley Marie), 1964-, Huffman, Jane Bumpers, 1950-, Brooks, John.

Subjects/Keywords: Target revenue; school finance; education funding; House Bill 1; Public School Finance and Property Tax Relief Act; additional state aid for tax reduction; School districts  – Texas  – Finance.; Public schools  – Texas  – Finance.; Education  – Texas  – Finance.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Womack, D. E. (2014). The Impact of Target Revenue Funding on Public School Districts in North Texas. (Thesis). University of North Texas. Retrieved from https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc500080/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Womack, Dennis E. “The Impact of Target Revenue Funding on Public School Districts in North Texas.” 2014. Thesis, University of North Texas. Accessed March 04, 2021. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc500080/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Womack, Dennis E. “The Impact of Target Revenue Funding on Public School Districts in North Texas.” 2014. Web. 04 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Womack DE. The Impact of Target Revenue Funding on Public School Districts in North Texas. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of North Texas; 2014. [cited 2021 Mar 04]. Available from: https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc500080/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Womack DE. The Impact of Target Revenue Funding on Public School Districts in North Texas. [Thesis]. University of North Texas; 2014. Available from: https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc500080/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.