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1. Gernez, Nathaniel. Langue nationale et plurilinguisme en Tanzanie : une ethnographie des pratiques chez les Hehe d’Iringa : National language and plurilingualism in Tanzania : an ethnography of the practices among the Hehe of Iringa.

Degree: Docteur es, Anthropologie, 2017, Université Paris X – Nanterre

Cette étude se propose d’aborder, par l’ethnographie, les pratiques plurilingues des Hehe, une population vivant dans la région d’Iringa située sur les hautes terres du sud de la Tanzanie. Ce pays d’une grande diversité linguistique a forgé son unité nationale sur la promotion et l’idéologisation d’une langue particulière, le kiswahili. L’idéologie linguistique dominante qui découle de cette histoire singulière, déconsidère les langues locales et occulte la réalité des pratiques plurilingues du quotidien. D’où le projet d’interroger les choix linguistiques et le recours à l’alternance codique (principalement entre le kihehe et le kiswahili, plus rarement l’anglais) dans deux villages de la région d’Iringa : à L’École, primaire et secondaire, à l’Église, catholique et protestante, dans une radio locale, au centre d’un village, chez des particuliers, au sein d’un groupe de jeunes et dans des bars d’alcool artisanal. L’analyse de ces interactions permet d’appréhender les dynamiques concurrentielles en termes de prestige et de sphères d’usage, entre le kihehe, le kiswahili et l’anglais ; de même, elle révèle par touches successives différents aspects des représentations linguistiques de nos interlocuteurs, leur attachement affectif aux langues, ainsi que la possibilité d’un positionnement identificatoire « entre les langues » mobilisé à la fois par la maîtrise du kiswahili et du kihehe. En ce sens, la présente thèse propose une contribution d’anthropologie linguistique à la question du plurilinguisme, visant à en renouveler l’approche.

This study proposes to access the plurilingual practices of the Hehe, a population that lives in the Iringa region located on the Southern Highlands of Tanzania through ethnographic research. This country possesses a great linguistic diversity and has built its national unity from promoting and ideologising one specific language: Kiswahili. The dominant linguistic ideology that stems from this singular history undermines the local languages and conceals the reality of day-to-day plurilingual practices. Hence the project to question linguistic choices and code-switching (mainly between Kihehe and Kiswahili, less frequently English) in two villages of the Iringa region and more specifically in School, primary and secondary, Church, catholic and protestant, a local radio station, at a village center, at private homes, among a group of young people, and in homemade alcool bars. The analysis of these interactions allows for an understanding of the competitive dynamics in terms of prestige and field of uses between Kihehe, Kiswahili and English; likewise, it reveals through successive steps different aspects of the linguistic representations of our interlocutors, their emotional attachment to languages, as well as the possibility of an identifiying position “between languages” activated by the mastery of both Kiswahili and Kihehe. Within this context, the present thesis proposes a linguistic anthropology contribution towards the question of plurilingualism with a view to renewing how it can…

Advisors/Committee Members: Peatrik, Anne-Marie (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Plurilinguisme; Idéologie linguistique; Langues en contact; Hehe; Iringa; Tanzanie; Plurilingualism; Linguistic ideology; Languages in contact; Hehe; Iringa; Tanzania

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APA (6th Edition):

Gernez, N. (2017). Langue nationale et plurilinguisme en Tanzanie : une ethnographie des pratiques chez les Hehe d’Iringa : National language and plurilingualism in Tanzania : an ethnography of the practices among the Hehe of Iringa. (Doctoral Dissertation). Université Paris X – Nanterre. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2017PA100054

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Gernez, Nathaniel. “Langue nationale et plurilinguisme en Tanzanie : une ethnographie des pratiques chez les Hehe d’Iringa : National language and plurilingualism in Tanzania : an ethnography of the practices among the Hehe of Iringa.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, Université Paris X – Nanterre. Accessed July 24, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2017PA100054.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Gernez, Nathaniel. “Langue nationale et plurilinguisme en Tanzanie : une ethnographie des pratiques chez les Hehe d’Iringa : National language and plurilingualism in Tanzania : an ethnography of the practices among the Hehe of Iringa.” 2017. Web. 24 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Gernez N. Langue nationale et plurilinguisme en Tanzanie : une ethnographie des pratiques chez les Hehe d’Iringa : National language and plurilingualism in Tanzania : an ethnography of the practices among the Hehe of Iringa. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Université Paris X – Nanterre; 2017. [cited 2019 Jul 24]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2017PA100054.

Council of Science Editors:

Gernez N. Langue nationale et plurilinguisme en Tanzanie : une ethnographie des pratiques chez les Hehe d’Iringa : National language and plurilingualism in Tanzania : an ethnography of the practices among the Hehe of Iringa. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Université Paris X – Nanterre; 2017. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2017PA100054


University of Oxford

2. Redmayne, Alison Hope. The Wahehe people of Tanganyika.

Degree: 1965, University of Oxford

The Wahehe are a tribe of approximately 1/4 million and the majority of them live in the Iringa district of Tanganyika. They first became famous because they defeated a German expedition led by Zelewski on l7th August 1891. On 30th October 1894 the Germans captured the Wahehe fort at Kalenga but the war continued until Chief Kkwawa committed suicide on 19th June 1898. During their struggle against the Wahehe the Germans acquired considerable respect for them. The British who governed Tanganyika under a League of Nations mandate after the First World War knew about the military prowess of the Wahehe from German writings and they too regarded the Wahehe as one of the more important and promising tribes. Mkwawa's son, Sapi, was installed as chief in 1926 as part of the policy of indirect rule. The Wahehe are famous for their military prowess and their mighty chief in the pre-colonial period and for their political organisation under indirect rule. There is sufficient evidence to reconstruct and analyse their political organisation before the German conquest and although there is enough to do so during the period of indirect rule, the Wahehe political organisation at that period is most interesting and significant only when it is understood in the context of their pre-colonial history and that under German rule. This thesis therefore describes the development of the Wahehe political organisation over the period of about 100 years, for as long as it is possible to have adequate knowledge of their development. This approach emphasises the fact that at no period have the political institutions of the Wahehe been stable. Ch. II The boundaries of Uhehe have changed at different times but during most of the period under discussion it has included five climatic zones; hot damp lowland in the Ulanga valley, high damp forest in the Usungwa mountains, high rolling downland, the drier area of miombo woodland on the central plateau, and the hot dry lowlands of the central plains. They keep some cattle and small stock and the staple food crop is maize although the number of cattle and the subsidiary crops vary in different areas. No physical anthropologists have done research in the area but it is accepted that the Wahehe are of mixed origins and there is a great variety of physical type among them. Some Germans produced grammars and a vocabulary of Kihehe but there has been no substantial linguistic research in the area. It is generally acknowledged that Kihehe is related to Kibena and Kisongu. The missions in Uhehe have always been predominantly Roman Catholic but there are a few Lutherans. The Koman Catholic missions have controlled most schools in the area. The Wahehe have not shown any particular enthusiasm for education in spite of the fact that there has been more provision for intermediate, and later secondary, education in the district than in most others. Ch. III. The kinship terms are listed and defined. The Wahehe are particularly concerned with physical descent. The mothers and the father's kin are equally important, but…

Subjects/Keywords: 306; Bantu-speaking peoples; Ethnology; Hehe (African people); Tanzania

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Redmayne, A. H. (1965). The Wahehe people of Tanganyika. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Oxford. Retrieved from http://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:c2573c36-4548-4226-b6d6-5ce308566320 ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.580724

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Redmayne, Alison Hope. “The Wahehe people of Tanganyika.” 1965. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Oxford. Accessed July 24, 2019. http://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:c2573c36-4548-4226-b6d6-5ce308566320 ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.580724.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Redmayne, Alison Hope. “The Wahehe people of Tanganyika.” 1965. Web. 24 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Redmayne AH. The Wahehe people of Tanganyika. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Oxford; 1965. [cited 2019 Jul 24]. Available from: http://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:c2573c36-4548-4226-b6d6-5ce308566320 ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.580724.

Council of Science Editors:

Redmayne AH. The Wahehe people of Tanganyika. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Oxford; 1965. Available from: http://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:c2573c36-4548-4226-b6d6-5ce308566320 ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.580724

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