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You searched for subject:(Gulf of Aqaba). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Michigan State University

1. Mabrouk, Ayman Mohamed Hassan. The role of marine protected areas in maintaining sustainable fisheries in the Egyptian Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea.

Degree: 2015, Michigan State University

Thesis Ph. D. Michigan State University. Fisheries and Wildlife - Doctor of Philosophy 2015.

The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) declared Ras Mohamed National Park the first Marine Protected Area (MPA) in Egypt in 1983 to conserve the Gulf of Aqaba coral reef ecosystem, sustain artisanal fisheries and encourage tourism activities in this region. The European Commission helped, initially, by providing the needed funding for the establishment of this MPA and for the establishment of two others, one in Nabq and the other in Abu Gallum. The creation of these managed resource protected areas established the entire Egyptian marine sector in the Gulf of Aqaba as a protected area by 1996. Artisanal fisheries were permitted in selected areas in these marine protected areas which were only conducted by the local people (Bedouin). This research assessed the role of the marine protected areas in conserving the fish populations of target and nontarget families in four regions of the Gulf of Aqaba, all of which were subjected to different regulations and fishing pressures over the last decade. In addition, I evaluated the impact of fishing and the catch dynamics at Nabq to ascertain whether specialized fishing regulations of take and no-take zones was effective in conserving the fisheries. Lastly, I conducted a pilot study on the dependency of the Bedouin fishers on the Nabq fisheries and their attitude towards the initiative of conservation measures and perceived needs for change to increase their effectiveness.I found that the coral reef fish populations have changed over the years since the protected areas came into existence in terms of species richness, diversity, abundance and size; a result of changing fishing pressure due to changes in the effectiveness of law enforcement and conservation. Nabq, which was relatively lightly fished in 2002, was the most affected region where species richness, total fish abundance, and the abundance of target and non-target families significantly declined by 2012 due to heavy fishing pressure and noncompliance to the regulations that applied to the no take zones in the region. In contrast, Dahab, the heavily fished region in 2002, exhibited an increase in species richness, diversity, total fish abundance, the abundances of the least commercially targeted herbivore families and other non-target fish families, by 2012; a result of reduced fishing pressure and increased law enforcement in this region. Additionally Ras Mohamed, which originally did not allow fishing, was found to have experienced illegal fishing beginning by 2003 ultimately resulting in a decline in the abundance of commercially valuable fish families by 2012.Fishers from Nabq and Dahab depend on the Nabq fisheries for food security and livelihoods. However, many of the fishers were willing to change their occupations and work for tourism or other governmental secured job, as the fisheries currently were very poor. Although the local fishers were aware of the regulations for the protected area and noted the…

Advisors/Committee Members: Taylor, William W, Hayes, Daniel B, Roloff, Gary J, McCright, Aaron M.

Subjects/Keywords: Marine parks and reserves – Egypt; Sustainable fisheries – Aqaba, Gulf of; Fishery management – Aqaba, Gulf of; Coral reef ecology – Aqaba, Gulf of; Fisheries and aquatic sciences

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Mabrouk, A. M. H. (2015). The role of marine protected areas in maintaining sustainable fisheries in the Egyptian Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. (Thesis). Michigan State University. Retrieved from http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:2320

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mabrouk, Ayman Mohamed Hassan. “The role of marine protected areas in maintaining sustainable fisheries in the Egyptian Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea.” 2015. Thesis, Michigan State University. Accessed September 19, 2019. http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:2320.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mabrouk, Ayman Mohamed Hassan. “The role of marine protected areas in maintaining sustainable fisheries in the Egyptian Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea.” 2015. Web. 19 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Mabrouk AMH. The role of marine protected areas in maintaining sustainable fisheries in the Egyptian Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. [Internet] [Thesis]. Michigan State University; 2015. [cited 2019 Sep 19]. Available from: http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:2320.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Mabrouk AMH. The role of marine protected areas in maintaining sustainable fisheries in the Egyptian Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. [Thesis]. Michigan State University; 2015. Available from: http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:2320

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Victoria

2. Hilmy, Hanny. Sovereignty, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), Suez 1956-1967: Insiders’ Perspectives.

Degree: Interdisciplinary Graduate Program, 2015, University of Victoria

This research is concerned with the complex and contested relationship between the sovereign prerogatives of states and the international imperative of defusing world conflicts. Due to its historical setting following World War Two, the national vs. international staking of claims was framed within the escalating imperial-nationalist confrontation and the impending “end of empire”, both of which were significantly influenced by the role Israel played in this saga. The research looks at the issue of “decolonization” and the anti-colonial struggle waged under the leadership of Egypt’s President Nasser. The Suez War is analyzed as the historical event that signaled the beginning of the final chapter in the domination of the European empires in the Middle East (sub-Saharan decolonization followed beginning in the early 1960s), and the emergence of the United States as the new major Western power in the Middle East. The Suez experience highlighted a stubborn contest between the defenders of the concept of “sovereign consent” and the advocates of “International intervention”. Both the deployment of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) and its termination were surrounded by controversy and legal-political wrangling. The role of UNEF and UN peacekeeping operations in general framed the development of a new concept for an emerging international human rights law and crisis management. The UNEF experience, moreover, brought into sharp relief the need for a conflict resolution component for any peace operation. International conflict management, and human rights protection are both subject to an increasing interventionist international legal regime. Consequently, the traditional concept of “sovereignty” is facing increasing challenge. By its very nature, the subject matter of this multi-dimensional research involves historical, political and international legal aspects shaping the research’s content and conclusions. The research utilizes the experience and contributions of several key participants in this pioneering peacekeeping experience. In the last chapter, recommendations are made –based on all the elements covered in the research- to suggest contributions to the evolving UN ground rules for international crisis intervention and management. Advisors/Committee Members: Blue, Gregory (supervisor), Schmidtke, Oliver (supervisor).

Subjects/Keywords: National Sovereignty; Peacekeeping; Peacemaking; UNEF; Decolonization; End of Empire; Israel; Zionism; Sevres Agreement; Dag Hammarskjold; U Thant; General E L M Burns; General Amin Hilmy II; General Charles Keightley; General Andre Beaufre; General Indar J. Rikhye; 1956 Suez War; Good Faith Agreement; 1967 Arab-Israeli War; President Gamal Abdel Nasser; Sovereign Consent; International Human Rights Law; Johan Galtung; Lester Pearson; President Dwight Eisenhower; Secretary John F. Dulles; Prime Minister Anthony Eden; Prime Minister Guy Mollet; Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion; General Moshe Dayan; General Abdel Hakim Amer; Status of Forces Agreement; Port Said; Arab-Israeli Armistice Agreements; UNTSO; Nationalization of the Suez Canal Compmpany; National Liberation; Anti-Colonial Struggle; Sovereign Equality; Westphalia; Kadesh; Musketeer; Uniting for Peace Resolution; International Court of Justice; UN Security Council; UN General Assembly; UN Charter; Chapter VII Enforcement Measures; Chapter VI Voluntary Compliance; Palestinian Refugees; Negev Desert; Sharm El-Sheikh; Sinai Peninsula; Gaza Strip; Gulf of Aqaba; Cold War; United States; Soviet Union (USSR); Lavon Affair; MEDO; Operation ALPHA; OMEGA Plan; Baghdad Pact; Bandung Conference; Mohamed Heikal; Aide Memoire; Mohamed Mosaddegh; Aswan High Dam; 1888 Constantinople Convention; USS Liberty; Straits of Tiran; International Law; Mahmoud Fawzi; Prime Minister Levi Eshkol; President Lyndon Johnson; Abbba Eban; 1992 Agenda for Peace; Boutros Boutros-Ghali; 2000 Brahimi Report; Lakhdar Brahimi; 2001 Responsibility to Protect; Kofi Annan; General Romeo Dallaire; Permanent UN Army; 2000 SHIRBRIG; International Human Rights Law; International Humanitarian Law; UNEF II; status quo ante bellum; locus standi; pacta sunt servanda; erga omnes; Lord Caradon; Security Council 242

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hilmy, H. (2015). Sovereignty, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), Suez 1956-1967: Insiders’ Perspectives. (Thesis). University of Victoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1828/5888

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hilmy, Hanny. “Sovereignty, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), Suez 1956-1967: Insiders’ Perspectives.” 2015. Thesis, University of Victoria. Accessed September 19, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1828/5888.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hilmy, Hanny. “Sovereignty, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), Suez 1956-1967: Insiders’ Perspectives.” 2015. Web. 19 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Hilmy H. Sovereignty, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), Suez 1956-1967: Insiders’ Perspectives. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2015. [cited 2019 Sep 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/5888.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hilmy H. Sovereignty, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), Suez 1956-1967: Insiders’ Perspectives. [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/5888

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.