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You searched for subject:(Flint tools). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Leiden University

1. Reus, Tamara de. Cutting sods, confirming roots. A study into the social significance of crescent shaped sickles from the Netherlands.

Degree: 2014, Leiden University

The purpose of this research is to get more insight into the social significance of Late Bronze Age -Early Iron crescent shaped sickles from the Netherlands. This is done by reexamination of several physical characteristics of the sickles, their distribution and their archaeological context. It has turned out that albeit the sickles have many different appearances and they are hard to categorize, they are made out of the same exotic flint type and by proficient flint knappers. In addition, they are all used to cut sods. The sickles mostly occur in landscapes which in the Late Bronze Age -Early Iron age were threatened by water. They seem closely related with the construction of artificial dwelling mounds. Since the sickles are made from non-local flint by excellent craftspeople, people presumably perceived the sickles as special objects. Moreover, the sickles were used to cut sods and sods were used for various purposes that helped people survive in the same region for a longer period. So the sickles made it possible for people to 'confirm their roots'. The absence of complete sickles in settlements and the selective deposition of several collections of sickles, which often have different use lives, support the idea that people were well aware of the sickles special cultural biographies. So albeit the sickles have been perceived as mainly functional objects, this thesis proves that they have several social connotations which can be derived from their cultural biography. Advisors/Committee Members: Fokkens, Harry (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: crescent shaped sickles; flint tools; Bronze Age

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APA (6th Edition):

Reus, T. d. (2014). Cutting sods, confirming roots. A study into the social significance of crescent shaped sickles from the Netherlands. (Masters Thesis). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/28488

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Reus, Tamara de. “Cutting sods, confirming roots. A study into the social significance of crescent shaped sickles from the Netherlands.” 2014. Masters Thesis, Leiden University. Accessed October 16, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/28488.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Reus, Tamara de. “Cutting sods, confirming roots. A study into the social significance of crescent shaped sickles from the Netherlands.” 2014. Web. 16 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Reus Td. Cutting sods, confirming roots. A study into the social significance of crescent shaped sickles from the Netherlands. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Leiden University; 2014. [cited 2019 Oct 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/28488.

Council of Science Editors:

Reus Td. Cutting sods, confirming roots. A study into the social significance of crescent shaped sickles from the Netherlands. [Masters Thesis]. Leiden University; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/28488

2. Charraud, François. Espaces interculturels et évolution des systèmes techniques au Néolithique dans le Nord-Ouest de la France : productions, usages et circulation des outillages en silex jurassiques de Normandie : Intercultural spaces and evolution of technical systems in the Neolithic in the North-West of France : production, uses and circulation of Normandy’s Jurassic flint tools.

Degree: Docteur es, Histoire, 2013, Nice

Cette thèse porte sur la Néolithisation du Nord-Ouest de la France, abordée à travers l’analyse des industries en silex jurassiques de Normandie. Objet de plusieurs influences environnementales et culturelles, cette région essentielle pour comprendre les dynamiques et les comportements socio-économiques de la Néolithisation de l’Ouest se caractérise par un environnement géologique riche en silex d’excellente qualité exploités durant toute la Préhistoire, utilisés ici comme marqueurs de ces comportements et de leur évolution sur la longue durée. L’objectif est de caractériser les productions liées à ces ressources et leur diffusion, de préciser les contextes chronoculturels dans lesquels elles évoluent, en prenant en compte tous les processus de la chaîne opératoire, depuis l’acquisition des matériaux jusqu’à l’abandon des outils. Restituer une vision cohérente de ces processus suppose un protocole qui croise les approches typo-morphologique, technologique et fonctionnelle des industries pour respecter le lien structurel qui existe entre l’économie des matières premières, la gestion des productions et de l’outillage. L’étude sur la longue durée de l’utilisation d’un type de ressources particulières offre un point de vue spécifique sur la Néolithisation de l’Ouest. Les continuités et les ruptures, la permanence ou la disparition de chaînes opératoires, procédés techniques, ou voies de distribution restituent un pan de l’évolution technique et culturelle de ces sociétés néolithiques. L’analyse critique des sites a permis de dépasser l’hétérogénéité de la documentation pour parvenir à ce but.

This thesis addresses the question of the Neolithisation of the Northwest of France, throught the analysis of the industries based on Jurassic flint from the Neolithic sequence in Normandy. Subject of several environmental and cultural influences, this region is essential for understanding the dynamics and socio-economic behaviors in the Neolithisation process. Normandy is characterized by a geological environment with excellent flint sources used throughout Prehistory, used here as markers of these behaviors and their evolution over the long term. The aim is to characterize the productions related to these sources and their distribution, the chronological and cultural sequence in which they operate, taking into account all the processes of chaîne opératoire, from flints procurement to the abandonment contexts. Restore a coherent vision of the process involves a protocol that melts typo-morphological, functional and technological approaches, to meet the structural link between the economies of raw materials, production and tools management. The study on the long-term use of a particular type of resource gives a specific point of view about Neolithisation of the Northwest of France. Continuities and ruptures, permanence or extinction of chaînes opératoires, technical processes and distribution channels restore a piece of technical evolution and cultural significance of the Neolithic societies.

Advisors/Committee Members: Binder, Didier (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Néolithique; Normandie; Silex jurassique; Outils en silex; Mine; Hache; Lame; Neolithic; Normandy; Jurassic flint; Flint tools; Mines; Haches; Lames

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Charraud, F. (2013). Espaces interculturels et évolution des systèmes techniques au Néolithique dans le Nord-Ouest de la France : productions, usages et circulation des outillages en silex jurassiques de Normandie : Intercultural spaces and evolution of technical systems in the Neolithic in the North-West of France : production, uses and circulation of Normandy’s Jurassic flint tools. (Doctoral Dissertation). Nice. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2013NICE2007

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Charraud, François. “Espaces interculturels et évolution des systèmes techniques au Néolithique dans le Nord-Ouest de la France : productions, usages et circulation des outillages en silex jurassiques de Normandie : Intercultural spaces and evolution of technical systems in the Neolithic in the North-West of France : production, uses and circulation of Normandy’s Jurassic flint tools.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, Nice. Accessed October 16, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2013NICE2007.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Charraud, François. “Espaces interculturels et évolution des systèmes techniques au Néolithique dans le Nord-Ouest de la France : productions, usages et circulation des outillages en silex jurassiques de Normandie : Intercultural spaces and evolution of technical systems in the Neolithic in the North-West of France : production, uses and circulation of Normandy’s Jurassic flint tools.” 2013. Web. 16 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Charraud F. Espaces interculturels et évolution des systèmes techniques au Néolithique dans le Nord-Ouest de la France : productions, usages et circulation des outillages en silex jurassiques de Normandie : Intercultural spaces and evolution of technical systems in the Neolithic in the North-West of France : production, uses and circulation of Normandy’s Jurassic flint tools. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Nice; 2013. [cited 2019 Oct 16]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2013NICE2007.

Council of Science Editors:

Charraud F. Espaces interculturels et évolution des systèmes techniques au Néolithique dans le Nord-Ouest de la France : productions, usages et circulation des outillages en silex jurassiques de Normandie : Intercultural spaces and evolution of technical systems in the Neolithic in the North-West of France : production, uses and circulation of Normandy’s Jurassic flint tools. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Nice; 2013. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2013NICE2007


Leiden University

3. Lammers-Keijsers, Yvonne Marie Jacqueline. Tracing traces from present to past: a functional analysis of pre-Columbian shell and stone artefacts from Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, FWI.

Degree: 2007, Leiden University

This thesis presents the study of the possibilities of functional analysis on shell implements. Shell tools from the pre-Columbian sites of Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe were studied and interpreted based on archaeological, ethnographical, ethnohistorical and experimental data. In addition, flint and stone tools of both sites were analysed. In this thesis functional analysis is approached from an integral point of view in order to be able to reconstruct the past technological system. The results of the functional analysis of all artefact categories are presented as well as a reconstruction of the technological system in the pre-Columbian period. It is demonstrated how this integral approach provides the possibilities to shed light on the choices made in the past on tool use and the utilisation of different raw materials.

Subjects/Keywords: Archaeology; Caribbean; Flint tools; Functional analysis; Micro wear analysis; Pre-Columbian period; Shell tools; Stone tools; Archaeology; Caribbean; Flint tools; Functional analysis; Micro wear analysis; Pre-Columbian period; Shell tools; Stone tools

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Lammers-Keijsers, Y. M. J. (2007). Tracing traces from present to past: a functional analysis of pre-Columbian shell and stone artefacts from Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, FWI. (Doctoral Dissertation). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/12489

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Lammers-Keijsers, Yvonne Marie Jacqueline. “Tracing traces from present to past: a functional analysis of pre-Columbian shell and stone artefacts from Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, FWI.” 2007. Doctoral Dissertation, Leiden University. Accessed October 16, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/12489.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Lammers-Keijsers, Yvonne Marie Jacqueline. “Tracing traces from present to past: a functional analysis of pre-Columbian shell and stone artefacts from Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, FWI.” 2007. Web. 16 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Lammers-Keijsers YMJ. Tracing traces from present to past: a functional analysis of pre-Columbian shell and stone artefacts from Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, FWI. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Leiden University; 2007. [cited 2019 Oct 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/12489.

Council of Science Editors:

Lammers-Keijsers YMJ. Tracing traces from present to past: a functional analysis of pre-Columbian shell and stone artefacts from Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, FWI. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Leiden University; 2007. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/12489

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