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University of Florida

1. Witulski, Christopher James. "Because the People Will Like It" The Changing Gnawa Ritual in Morocco.

Degree: PhD, Music, 2014, University of Florida

The music and ritual of the Gnawa in Morocco draws its syncretic roots and identity from both the sub-Saharan population brought to Morocco through the slave trade and from the Muslim traditions and beliefs of the majority of its practitioners. It is an old practice whose participants note a great deal of change since the country's independence. In this dissertation, I argue that much of this change derives from a shift in the demands and expectations of audiences. As they request a ritual sound that more closely aligns that of the popular music appearing across everyday life, the musicians respond by adapting their performance practice. By exploring the economic pressures that define the professional life of a Gnawa musician and the novel musical innovations that pepper contemporary performance practice, I argue that commercial success and the virtuosic incorporation of these new musical trends in ritual is now a powerful source of the local concept of tgnawit. This tgnawit is a discursively created marker of authority and authenticity based firmly within an individual performer's negotiation of Muslim piety, African heritage and, now, I argue, popular success. Advisors/Committee Members: CROOK,LARRY NORMAN (committee chair), REED,SMITH ALEXANDER (committee member), MCLAUGHLIN,FIONA (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Ceremonies; Fezzes; Musical aesthetics; Musical performance; Musical rhythm; Musicians; Performing artists; Popular music; Ritual music; Rituals; africa  – ethnomusicology  – islam  – music  – ritual

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Witulski, C. J. (2014). "Because the People Will Like It" The Changing Gnawa Ritual in Morocco. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Florida. Retrieved from http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0046577

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Witulski, Christopher James. “"Because the People Will Like It" The Changing Gnawa Ritual in Morocco.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Florida. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0046577.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Witulski, Christopher James. “"Because the People Will Like It" The Changing Gnawa Ritual in Morocco.” 2014. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Witulski CJ. "Because the People Will Like It" The Changing Gnawa Ritual in Morocco. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Florida; 2014. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0046577.

Council of Science Editors:

Witulski CJ. "Because the People Will Like It" The Changing Gnawa Ritual in Morocco. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Florida; 2014. Available from: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0046577

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