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You searched for subject:(Female dominated Occupations). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Texas State University – San Marcos

1. Starustka, Kathleen Lowry. Inequality on the Rails: A Qualitative Study of Women's Experiences in the Railroad Industry.

Degree: 2013, Texas State University – San Marcos

This study focuses on women who work in the railroad industry as a case study of male-dominated occupations. My theoretical approach utilizes Acker’s theory of gendered organizations to explore how the railroad industry continues to marginalize women by incorporating structures that are modeled by male ideology. I use qualitative methods that include face-to-face interviews and email correspondence with 18 women who are either currently employed or have previously worked for a railroad. My findings reveal several gendered practices in railroad work. Harassment towards the women I interviewed from male coworkers is common, particularly by their immediate supervisors. Inadequate layoff policies adversely affect women with children forcing some to choose between their jobs or having a family. Unions do very little to protect women railroad workers, leaving them vulnerable to unfair treatment by their employers. I conclude with the shortcomings of my study and suggestions for future research to examine why women do not seek out the high paying jobs railroads offer Advisors/Committee Members: Giuffre, Patti (advisor), Watt, Toni (committee member), Cancino, Jeffrey (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Railroads; Women; Female; Male-dominated occupations; Women railroad employees; Railroads – Social aspects; Sex discrimination against women – United States

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Starustka, K. L. (2013). Inequality on the Rails: A Qualitative Study of Women's Experiences in the Railroad Industry. (Thesis). Texas State University – San Marcos. Retrieved from https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4863

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Starustka, Kathleen Lowry. “Inequality on the Rails: A Qualitative Study of Women's Experiences in the Railroad Industry.” 2013. Thesis, Texas State University – San Marcos. Accessed September 22, 2017. https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4863.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Starustka, Kathleen Lowry. “Inequality on the Rails: A Qualitative Study of Women's Experiences in the Railroad Industry.” 2013. Web. 22 Sep 2017.

Vancouver:

Starustka KL. Inequality on the Rails: A Qualitative Study of Women's Experiences in the Railroad Industry. [Internet] [Thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2013. [cited 2017 Sep 22]. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4863.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Starustka KL. Inequality on the Rails: A Qualitative Study of Women's Experiences in the Railroad Industry. [Thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2013. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4863

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Yavorsky, Jill Evelyn. Inequality in Hiring: Gendered and Classed Discrimination in the Labor Market.

Degree: PhD, Sociology, 2017, The Ohio State University

Occupational segregation between men and women is a leading contributor to economic gender inequality. Although occupational segregation has declined in recent decades, most integration progress occurred in white-collar, not working-class, occupations. Yet virtually no scholarship exists on how employers’ social closure practices such as hiring discrimination may vary by occupational class and contribute to uneven integration patterns. Therefore, two important questions remain: Has gender-based discrimination in early job-access points become polarized and concentrated among working-class contexts? And how do other occupational dimensions embedded within the broader class structure also affect employers’ hiring practices? Using data derived from comparative correspondence audits of 3,156 jobs (N=6,302 resumes) and content coded analyses of over 3,000 job-postings, this dissertation analyzes variations in early hiring practices in white-collar and working-class jobs across two important dimensions: 1) sex compositions (male- or female-dominated jobs); 2) gender-typing (masculine- or feminine-typed jobs based on gendered attributes in job advertisements). I also consider how these two occupational dimensions uniquely intersect to affect discrimination across class structure.First, I investigate whether the sex compositions of occupations influence the presence of gender-based, hiring-related discrimination against male and female applicants and whether such discrimination varies across occupational class. My findings suggest a polarization of early sorting mechanisms in which discrimination against female applicants is concentrated in male-dominated working-class jobs. In contrast, employers discriminate against male applicants applying for female-dominated jobs across the occupational hierarchy. Second, based on content analysis of job ads, I investigate whether hiring-related discrimination on the basis of gender varies depending on whether a job (more specifically, a job ad) is masculine-typed or feminine-typed, and whether occupational class exacerbates or reduces discrimination by the gender-typing of jobs. Similar to findings above, I find that discrimination against female applicants is more prevalent in masculine-typed working-class jobs and that discrimination against male applicants in feminine-typed jobs occurs in both classes. Third, I consider how the combination of these two occupational dimensions, sex composition and gender-typing, affects discrimination across class structure. I find that discrimination compounds across occupational dimensions that directionally align (e.g., feminine-typed and female-dominated), holding true for male-applicants in both occupational classes and female applicants in working-class jobs. Importantly, I also find that female applicants experience disadvantages in particular white-collar occupations that emphasize masculine-typed attributes—challenging findings by other prior audit studies that assess discrimination only at the job level.These findings build on theories of… Advisors/Committee Members: Roscigno, Vincent (Advisor), Dwyer, Rachel (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Sociology; Class; Discrimination; Female-dominated Occupations; Field Experiment; Gender; Gender Inequality; Hiring Discrimination; Hiring practices; Male-dominated Occupations; Occupational Class; Occupational Segregation; Resume Audit; Working-class; White-collar

female-dominated occupations (England 1992; Gauchat, Kelly, and Wallace 2012; Levanon… …x28;maleand female-dominated occupations). This chapter has two major subsections—one… …differences in employer callbacks in aggregated male- and female-dominated occupations and then… …discriminate against female applicants in workingclass male-dominated occupations, but not in white… …are discriminated against in female-dominated occupations across occupational class. Lastly… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Yavorsky, J. E. (2017). Inequality in Hiring: Gendered and Classed Discrimination in the Labor Market. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Ohio State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1492542664842056

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Yavorsky, Jill Evelyn. “Inequality in Hiring: Gendered and Classed Discrimination in the Labor Market.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, The Ohio State University. Accessed September 22, 2017. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1492542664842056.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Yavorsky, Jill Evelyn. “Inequality in Hiring: Gendered and Classed Discrimination in the Labor Market.” 2017. Web. 22 Sep 2017.

Vancouver:

Yavorsky JE. Inequality in Hiring: Gendered and Classed Discrimination in the Labor Market. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2017. [cited 2017 Sep 22]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1492542664842056.

Council of Science Editors:

Yavorsky JE. Inequality in Hiring: Gendered and Classed Discrimination in the Labor Market. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2017. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1492542664842056

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