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Universidad del Rosario

1. Castro Mora, Sonia Marina. La modulación de los efectos en el tiempo de las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos en Colombia.

Degree: 2015, Universidad del Rosario

El presente trabajo realiza un análisis sobre los diferentes fundamentos que ante la falta de regulación legal, nuestra jurisprudencia ha invocado para atribuirle efectos retroactivos –ex tunc- o efectos a futuro –ex nunc- a las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos, los cuales van desde la asimilación de éste con el acto jurídico civil, hasta la pretendida identidad del acto administrativo general con la ley, todo enmarcado dentro de lo que se ha entendido por situaciones jurídicas consolidadas. Este estudio demuestra que la retroactividad o no retroactividad, no es una condición necesaria o automática de las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos, porque tal idea anula reflexiones importantes que tienen que ver con la ponderación de principios básicos como la garantía de eficacia de los derechos fundamentales, la seguridad jurídica, la justicia material, la confianza legítima y la igualdad. Se impone así entender que los efectos temporales de las sentencias no se derivan de alguna formalidad del proceso, ni de la naturaleza del acto administrativo, ni del tipo de sentencia; estos son más bien una de las herramientas para que el juez a través de la modulación en cada caso, pueda darle eficacia a su sentencia y cumplir con las obligaciones que le impone la Constitución y la ley, que no son otras que garantizar la protección de derechos fundamentales y preservar el orden jurídico.

This paper analyzes the arguments that in the absence of legal regulation, our case law has invoked to assign retroactive effects – ex tunc­ or future effects – ex nunc – to the sentences of annulment of administrative acts, ranging from assimilation of the latter with civil legal acts to the alleged identity of the general administrative act with the law, all framed within what has been understood by consolidated legal situations. This study demonstrates that retroactive or non-retroactive activity is not a necessary and automatic condition of the sentence of annulment of the administrative act because this idea cancels important reflections that deal with weighting basic principles such as the guarantee of efficiency, legal certainty, substantive justice, legitimate expectations and equality. In order to understand that the temporary effects of sentences do not derive from any formality of the process or of the administrative act nature or the type of sentence; these are rather one of the tools so the judge can- through modulation in each case- give efficiency to its sentence and meet the obligations that are imposed by the constitution and the law which has its only purpose in guaranteeing the protection of fundamental rights and preserving the legal order.

Advisors/Committee Members: Garcia Forero, Fernando Alberto.

Subjects/Keywords: Efectos ex tunc; Efectos ex nunc; Situaciones Jurídicas Consolidadas; Acto administrativo particular y concreto; Acto administrativo general y reglamentario; Control de Legalidad; Control de Constitucionalidad; Control de Legitimidad; Existencia de los actos administrativos; Eficacia de los actos administrativos; Validez de los actos administrativos; Acto administrativo de gravamen; Acto administrativo favorable; Modulación de las sentencias; 342.0242; Sentencias intermitentes; Procedimiento administrativo; Derecho civil  – legislación; Actos administrativos; Ex tunc effects; Ex nunc effects; Consolidated legal situations; Particularly and concrete administrative act; General and regulatory administrative act; Legality Control; Constitutionality Control; Legitimacy Control; Existence of administrative acts; Efficiency of administrative acts; Validity of administrative acts; Assessment Administrative Act; Favorable administrative act; Judgments Modulation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Castro Mora, S. M. (2015). La modulación de los efectos en el tiempo de las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos en Colombia. (Thesis). Universidad del Rosario. Retrieved from http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10698

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Castro Mora, Sonia Marina. “La modulación de los efectos en el tiempo de las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos en Colombia.” 2015. Thesis, Universidad del Rosario. Accessed January 26, 2021. http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10698.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Castro Mora, Sonia Marina. “La modulación de los efectos en el tiempo de las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos en Colombia.” 2015. Web. 26 Jan 2021.

Vancouver:

Castro Mora SM. La modulación de los efectos en el tiempo de las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos en Colombia. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universidad del Rosario; 2015. [cited 2021 Jan 26]. Available from: http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10698.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Castro Mora SM. La modulación de los efectos en el tiempo de las sentencias de nulidad de los actos administrativos en Colombia. [Thesis]. Universidad del Rosario; 2015. Available from: http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10698

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Bäckman, Therese. Gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft och rättssäkerhet – för människor med funktionsnedsättning inom rättsområdena SoL och LSS.

Degree: 2013, University of Gothenburg / Göteborgs Universitet

A principle of legitimate expectations exists in a number of countries and legal systems. This thesis examines the implications of the principle and its application on a municipal level and in the administrative courts in a Swedish context. The aim of the thesis is to examine whether persons with disabilities are ensured legal certainty, through the principle of legitimate expectations, after they have received a formal legal decision about support in their every day life according to the Social Services Act (2001:453), SoL or according to The Act Concerning Support and Service for Person with Certain Functional Impairments (1993:387), LSS. The Swedish principle of legitimate expectations implicates that a favor- able decision may not be changed or revoked after the individual has received notice of the decision. This applies even if it subsequently turns out that the decision is found to be incorrect. The authorities have to stand by their decisions. The individual can feel secure that the decision may not be reversed or altered and he/she are therefore free to plan and adjust his/hers life in accordance with the decision. However Supreme Administrative Court case law has formulated three exceptions from the principle. Exceptions may be made when 1) a decision is provided with a revocation statement; 2) imperative security reasons require modification or revocation; 3) the individual has obtained the decision by false information. In addition Supreme Administrative Court case law also provides an exception that applies specifically to favorable non time-limited decisions under SoL and LSS. In this thesis the concept of legal certainty requires fulfillment of both procedural and substantial requirements. Furthermore it is concluded that the principle of legitimate expectations can be described as a guarantee for legal certainty from a theoretical point of view. However, the examination of the application of the principle shows how the municipalities have rather ample opportunities to make exceptions with the use of statements of revocation. Additional opportunities to make exceptions or circumvent the principle have also developed in practice. The relatively large possibility to make exceptions from the principle and the extended ways to circumvent the same means that it is difficult for the principle to fulfill the procedural requirements linked to the concept of legal certainty. The application of the principle also leads to social insecurity for persons with disabilities that have been granted support in every day life in accordance with SoL and LSS. Previous research has concluded that persons with disabilities are faced with legal problems within the areas of SoL and LSS. This thesis shows that persons with disabilities are faced with additional problems due to lack of legal certainty. The image of the legal problems within SoL and LSS needs to be complemented with the problem that the individual is in fact not guaranteed the support and service that he/she has been granted. He/she can not feel confident that…

Subjects/Keywords: principle of legitimate expectations; legal certainty; favorable decision; persons with disabilities; the Social Services Act; the Act Concerning Support and Services for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments; administrative law; social law

Page 1 Page 2

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Bäckman, T. (2013). Gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft och rättssäkerhet – för människor med funktionsnedsättning inom rättsområdena SoL och LSS. (Thesis). University of Gothenburg / Göteborgs Universitet. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2077/33427

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Bäckman, Therese. “Gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft och rättssäkerhet – för människor med funktionsnedsättning inom rättsområdena SoL och LSS.” 2013. Thesis, University of Gothenburg / Göteborgs Universitet. Accessed January 26, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2077/33427.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Bäckman, Therese. “Gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft och rättssäkerhet – för människor med funktionsnedsättning inom rättsområdena SoL och LSS.” 2013. Web. 26 Jan 2021.

Vancouver:

Bäckman T. Gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft och rättssäkerhet – för människor med funktionsnedsättning inom rättsområdena SoL och LSS. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Gothenburg / Göteborgs Universitet; 2013. [cited 2021 Jan 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/33427.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Bäckman T. Gynnande besluts negativa rättskraft och rättssäkerhet – för människor med funktionsnedsättning inom rättsområdena SoL och LSS. [Thesis]. University of Gothenburg / Göteborgs Universitet; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/33427

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.