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1. Cotrim, Ana Aguiar. Contribuições de Karl Marx ao problema da mimese artística.

Degree: PhD, Filosofia, 2015, University of São Paulo

Esta tese toma três momentos da obra de Karl Marx em que temas estéticos são aventados: a formação da sensibilidade nos Manuscritos econômico-filosóficos de 1844, a passagem sobre a épica na Contribuição à crítica da economia política Introdução, de 1857 e o debate epistolar entre Marx, Engels e Lassalle sobre a peça do último, Franz von Sickingen, de 1859. No contexto desses temas, buscamos descobrir as contribuições de Marx ao problema da mimese artística, da objetividade e especificidade da arte. São abordados a objetivação, mimese, historicidade dos gêneros, especificidade do reflexo artístico, o indivíduo e universalidade na obra artística, gênero artístico e revolução. Ao tratar desses temas, procura-se colocar Marx em diálogo com momentos da tradição estética, em particular pontos presentes em Aristóteles, Shakespeare e Schiller, Lessing, Hegel e Feuerbach. Lateralmente, algumas consequências para o marxismo contemporâneo são trazidas à tona, como a crítica de Marx à arte diretamente política. O trabalho conta com as contribuições de G. Lukács e M. Lifschitz, para quem a obra de Marx dispõe as linhas fundamentais de um pensamento estético coerente, a despeito da forma esparsa.

This thesis takes three passages of Karl Marxs work which bring out aesthetic subjects: the formation of senses in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, the famous passage on the epic in the Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy - Introduction, 1857, and the epistolary debate between Marx, Engels and Lassalle on the tragedy written by the latter, Franz von Sickingen, held in 1859. In those contexts, we search for Marxs contributions to the problem of artistic mimesis, objectivity and specificity of art. Objectification, mimesis, historicity of genres, artistic reflection specificity, individual and universality in artistic work, artistic genre and revolution are points approached. In order to address these issues, we put Marx in dialogue with relevant moments in aesthetic tradition, particularly points present in Aristotle, Shakespeare and Schiller, Lessing, Hegel and Feuerbach. Laterally, some consequences for contemporary Marxism are brought to light, such as Marx\'s critique of political art. The work counts on the contributions of G. Lukács and M. Lifschitz, for whom Marx\'s work provides the main lines of a coherent aesthetic thought, despite its sparse form.

Advisors/Committee Members: Silva, Franklin Leopoldo e.

Subjects/Keywords: Epic; Épica; F. Engels; F. Engels; K. Marx; K. Marx; Mimese; Mimesis; Tragédia; Tragedy

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APA (6th Edition):

Cotrim, A. A. (2015). Contribuições de Karl Marx ao problema da mimese artística. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of São Paulo. Retrieved from http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8133/tde-17092015-112656/ ;

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Cotrim, Ana Aguiar. “Contribuições de Karl Marx ao problema da mimese artística.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, University of São Paulo. Accessed August 20, 2019. http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8133/tde-17092015-112656/ ;.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Cotrim, Ana Aguiar. “Contribuições de Karl Marx ao problema da mimese artística.” 2015. Web. 20 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Cotrim AA. Contribuições de Karl Marx ao problema da mimese artística. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of São Paulo; 2015. [cited 2019 Aug 20]. Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8133/tde-17092015-112656/ ;.

Council of Science Editors:

Cotrim AA. Contribuições de Karl Marx ao problema da mimese artística. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of São Paulo; 2015. Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/8/8133/tde-17092015-112656/ ;


Vytautas Magnus University

2. Senūta, Povilas. XIX – XXI amžiaus ideologijos kritika: K. Marxas, F. Engelsas, S. Žižekas.

Degree: Master, Political Sciences, 2012, Vytautas Magnus University

XIX ir ypač XX amžius pasižymėjo stipriomis ideologijomis, kurios ne tik keitė pasaulio ir žmonių gyvenimus, bet ir turėjo įtakos visoms vėlesnėms kartoms. Šio darbo tyrimo objektas – XIX – XXI amžiaus ideologijos kritika. Bandant suprasti pačias svarbiausias ideologijas, neišvengiamai tenka gilintis į marksizmo, kaip vieną iki šių dienų svarbiausią ideologiją ir pabandyti suprasti, kur slypi marksizmo fenomenas. Žinoma, čia neišvengiamai tenka kalbėti ir apie kitas ideologijas, tokias, kurias neigė pats marksizmas – tai ir buržuazijos ideologija ir hegelizmo ideologija. Todėl darbo tikslas ir problema – atskleisti kuo įvairesnį ideologijų vaizdą ir parodyti, kaip evoliucionavo pati marksizmo ideologija, kuri – jau galima teigti – nėra vienalytė. Joje mes galime aptikti pačią ideologijos šerdį: kuomet mistifikacijos neįmanoma atpažinti „iš vienos“ pusės. Be abejo, toks darbas negali pretenduoti į paprastos ir aiškios „tiesos“ suradimą, o iškelti tikslais ir problemos – tik nuoroda, kuri nurodo, kuria linkme judama. Aptariant vieną po kito marksizmo klasiką, juos analizuojant, aptariant jų samprotavimus apie teorinį marksizmo įgyvendinimą, galime geriau suprasti, kaip evoliucionavo marksizmas ir kodėl XX amžiuje jo įgyvendinimas buvo toks nevykęs. Didžiosios ideologijos negimsta be žmonių lūkesčių. Kita vertus, kuomet kalbame apie ideologijos kritiką – labai dažnai – mes jau kalbame apie pačią ideologiją. Visi didieji ideologai neigė kurią nors ideologiją ir įrodinėjo, kad jų... [toliau žr. visą tekstą]

The 19th century and 20th century in particular were famous for strong ideologies, which not only changed the world and the lives of people but also made some influence on the subsequent generations. The object of the paper is the criticism of ideology in the period of the 19th-21th centuries. In order to understand the most important ideologies, it is inevitable to go deep into Marxism, as one of the most important ideologies, and try to understand the phenomenon of Marxism. It is also necessary to speak about other ideologies that Marxism has been denying: Bourgeoisie and Hegelism. The goal and the problem of this paper aim at revealing the variety of ideologies and showing how Marxist ideology evolved (which is not indiscrete anymore). In this ideology there is a core of ideology: mystification cannot be recognized “on one” side. Of course, this paper cannot put in for the simple and clear finding of the truth, while the goals and problems are only references to the direction we move. Describing the classics of Marxism one after another, analyzing them and commenting on their reasoning about the theoretical implementation of Marxism, the evolution of Marxism, and the failure of its implementation in 20th century can be better understood. The greatest ideologies do not emerge without people’s expectations. On the other hand, when speaking about the criticism of ideology, it is often referred to the ideology itself. The greatest ideologists denied some of the ideologies and... [to full text]

Advisors/Committee Members: Mažeikis, Gintautas (Master’s thesis supervisor), Bielinis, Lauras (Master’s thesis reviewer).

Subjects/Keywords: Ideologijos kritika; K. Marxas; F. Engelsas; S. Žižekas; Ideology critique; K. Marx; F. Engels; S. Žižek

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Senūta, Povilas. (2012). XIX – XXI amžiaus ideologijos kritika: K. Marxas, F. Engelsas, S. Žižekas. (Masters Thesis). Vytautas Magnus University. Retrieved from http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2012~D_20120607_135001-13820 ;

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Senūta, Povilas. “XIX – XXI amžiaus ideologijos kritika: K. Marxas, F. Engelsas, S. Žižekas.” 2012. Masters Thesis, Vytautas Magnus University. Accessed August 20, 2019. http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2012~D_20120607_135001-13820 ;.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Senūta, Povilas. “XIX – XXI amžiaus ideologijos kritika: K. Marxas, F. Engelsas, S. Žižekas.” 2012. Web. 20 Aug 2019.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

Vancouver:

Senūta, Povilas. XIX – XXI amžiaus ideologijos kritika: K. Marxas, F. Engelsas, S. Žižekas. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Vytautas Magnus University; 2012. [cited 2019 Aug 20]. Available from: http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2012~D_20120607_135001-13820 ;.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

Council of Science Editors:

Senūta, Povilas. XIX – XXI amžiaus ideologijos kritika: K. Marxas, F. Engelsas, S. Žižekas. [Masters Thesis]. Vytautas Magnus University; 2012. Available from: http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2012~D_20120607_135001-13820 ;

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

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