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University of Arkansas

1. Ownbey, Samuel Morris. 'The once peaceful little town:' Edmondson, Arkansas, and the Decline of African American Landownership.

Degree: MA, 2020, University of Arkansas

This thesis examines the systematic dispossession of African American property by white planters in the Arkansas Delta. It argues white planters, backed by a legal system favorable to their interests, expropriated the black land in the once flourishing community of Edmondson, Arkansas. Founded in 1902 by African American business and political leaders, the Edmondson Home and Improvement Company purchased farmland and town lots and began to sell or rent the land to African Americans coming to the area. Located in Crittenden County, Edmondson represented black defiance in the face of Jim Crow laws and white supremacy. The town consisted of black-owned businesses financially supported by the productive cotton-growing soil that surrounded the town. However, the Great Depression lowered the price of cotton, and the town fell into decline. By the mid-1930s, New Deal programs, particularly the Agricultural Adjustment Agency, revitalized the cotton industry, making the land in Edmondson coveted by the dominant white planters. During this time, a white man named Weaver acquired a town lot through an African American agent working on his behalf. The arrival of the first white landowner in Edmondson set in motion a conspiracy to take the land from African Americans and place it under white planter control. By 1941, Weaver had acquired nearly 600 town lots and was collecting rent from the original owners. Left economically devastated and under the control of white planters, the black people of Edmondson had no resources to contest the loss of their land. When the Southern Tenant Farmers Union arrived in Edmondson in 1936, it used its connections to fund a civil suit against Weaver in which they alleged that Weaver’s acquisition was part of a conspiracy to wipe out the last independent black community in Crittenden County. The people claimed that the sheriff and tax collector of Crittenden County had declared their land delinquent for failure to pay a tax that he had not properly levied against them. Having declared the lands delinquent, the sheriff then sold the lands to the State of Arkansas. The state then conveyed the land to Weaver, leaving him virtually the sole proprietor of Edmondson. The civil suit lasted from 1941 to 1949 when a Crittenden County judge dismissed the suit without a trial, and the people of Edmondson never reclaimed their property. Advisors/Committee Members: Michael Pierce, Caree Banton, Patrick Williams.

Subjects/Keywords: African Americans; Agriculture; Arkansas delta; Crittenden County; Edmondson; Landownership; African American Studies; American Politics; Cultural History; Race and Ethnicity; Rural Sociology; United States History

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ownbey, S. M. (2020). 'The once peaceful little town:' Edmondson, Arkansas, and the Decline of African American Landownership. (Masters Thesis). University of Arkansas. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/3702

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ownbey, Samuel Morris. “'The once peaceful little town:' Edmondson, Arkansas, and the Decline of African American Landownership.” 2020. Masters Thesis, University of Arkansas. Accessed November 29, 2020. https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/3702.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ownbey, Samuel Morris. “'The once peaceful little town:' Edmondson, Arkansas, and the Decline of African American Landownership.” 2020. Web. 29 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Ownbey SM. 'The once peaceful little town:' Edmondson, Arkansas, and the Decline of African American Landownership. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Arkansas; 2020. [cited 2020 Nov 29]. Available from: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/3702.

Council of Science Editors:

Ownbey SM. 'The once peaceful little town:' Edmondson, Arkansas, and the Decline of African American Landownership. [Masters Thesis]. University of Arkansas; 2020. Available from: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/3702

2. Kraus, Lisa Ann, 1975-. Archaeology of the Bruin Slave Jail.

Degree: PhD, Anthropology, 2009, University of Texas – Austin

Archaeological and historical investigations of the Bruin Slave Jail in the West End of the City of Alexandria, Virginia, revealed a fascinating and complex history. From 1844 to 1861, the house belonged to Joseph Bruin, a slave trader, and housed the most successful and well-known slave trading operation in Alexandria. In 1848, Bruin purchased several slaves who were captured on board the schooner Pearl in one of the largest escapes ever attempted. Bruin and two of the Pearl refugees, Emily and Mary Edmondson, inspired some of the characters and events in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Stowe included the true story of the Pearl refugees, and the Edmondson sisters in particular, in her comprehensive survey of the domestic slave trade, The Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin. This study of the material culture and other archaeological data, along with extensive historical records regarding Joseph Bruin’s slave trading business and the stories of several slaves purchased by Bruin after the Pearl incident, illuminates the ways in which the internal slave trade changed the nature of slavery, and the ways slavery was contested by slaves and by abolitionist groups. It also demonstrates the ways in which African Americans were commodified in the slave markets. Analysis of the complementary historical and archaeological data reveals the ways these forces impacted the lives of enslaved women enmeshed in the slave trade particularly, and the ways they negotiated and resisted their sale by the slave traders who made their living buying and selling human beings in an increasingly corporate, and contested, political and sexual economy. Advisors/Committee Members: Franklin, Maria (advisor), Wilson, Samuel (committee member), Denbow, James (committee member), Sidbury, James (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Bruin Slave Jail; Bruin's Slave Jail; Joseph Bruin; Edmondson; Alexandria, Virginia; Interstate slave trade; The Pearl

…Pearl refugees, Emily and Mary Edmondson, inspired some of the characters and events in… …and the Edmondson sisters in particular, in her comprehensive survey of the domestic slave… …Figure 10: Ship Manifest Listing the Edmondson Siblings as Cargo ................55 Figure 11… …awaiting sale coped with and even resisted their imminent sale. The story of the two Edmondson… …Edmondson, two sisters and fugitives on the Pearl whom Bruin bought after their escape was… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Kraus, Lisa Ann, 1. (2009). Archaeology of the Bruin Slave Jail. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Texas – Austin. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2009-12-645

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Kraus, Lisa Ann, 1975-. “Archaeology of the Bruin Slave Jail.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Texas – Austin. Accessed November 29, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2009-12-645.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Kraus, Lisa Ann, 1975-. “Archaeology of the Bruin Slave Jail.” 2009. Web. 29 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Kraus, Lisa Ann 1. Archaeology of the Bruin Slave Jail. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Texas – Austin; 2009. [cited 2020 Nov 29]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2009-12-645.

Council of Science Editors:

Kraus, Lisa Ann 1. Archaeology of the Bruin Slave Jail. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Texas – Austin; 2009. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2009-12-645

3. Πέτρου, Αθανάσιος. Η πλοειδικότητα του DNA ως προγνωστικός παράγοντας στον πρωτοπαθή καρκίνο του ήπατος με τεχνικές κυτταρομετρίας ροής με ανάλυση εικόνας.

Degree: 2010, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ)

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the commonest primary cancer of the liver. Incidence is increasing and HCC is currently the fifth commonest malignancy worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer-related death following lung and gastric cancer. The burden from HCC is likely to increase in the foreseeable future with increasing rates of alcoholism, hepatitis B and C prevalence, and obesity-related fatty liver disease; a concurrent shift in incidence towards younger persons is eminent. Resection, ablation, and orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) have all been proposed for treating HCC however the subsets of patients who benefit most from each modality remain controversial. Hepatic resection remains the main curative option for this malignancy, especially for patients with small tumors; however the incidence of disease recurrence in the remaining hepatic parenchyma is high, accounting for the leading cause of death after surgical resection of HCC. Advances in intraoperative techniques and postoperative care have led to a marked decline in perioperative rates of death and complications after hepatic resection for HCC. Nevertheless and in view of the emerging availability of alternative treatment modalities, the need to identify prognostic factors which may determine treatment response and survival on an individual basis becomes compelling. In this study we focused on cell morphometry and we sought to identify whether DNA image cytometry and Edmondson-Steiner grading could be used as prognostic factors in a cohort of patients with HCC undergoing radical hepatic resection. Forty four patients who underwent curative resection in a single center for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were retrospectively analyzed to determine whether DNA image cytometry and histological grading according to the Edmondson-Steiner criteria were of prognostic significance. In univariate Cox regression analysis, adverse survival outcome was strongly associated with high DNA score and advanced histological grading. Patients with ploidy score >2.2 had 3.95 times higher probability of death, as compared to those with ploidy score ≤2.2. Edmondson-Steiner grades III and IV were also associated with 20.49 and 34.47 higher probability of death respectively as compared to grade I. In conclusion DNA ploidy and histological grading according to the Edmondson-Steiner criteria may provide a reliable, objective indicator of tumour biology that may identify patients with HCC who are more likely to benefit from surgical resection. The study is limited by its retrospective design and the small patient cohort, however its results highlight the importance of considering DNA ploidy and Edmondson-Steiner grading in the selection of appropriate management strategies for HCC patients and the design of future clinical trials.

Ο ηπατοκυτταρικός καρκίνος (HKK) αποτελεί την συνηθέστερη μορφή πρωτοπαθούς κακοήθους όγκου του ήπατος. Η επίπτωση της νόσου ανά την υφήλιο διαρκώς αυξάνεται και έτσι στις μέρες μας αποτελεί την πέμπτη σε συχνότητα κακοήθεια και την τρίτη…

Subjects/Keywords: Ηπατοκυτταρικός καρκίνος; Προγνωστικοί παράγοντες; Πλοειδικότητα DNA; Κυτταρομετρία ροής; Ανάλυση εικόνων; Ήπαρ; Hepatocellular carcinoma; HCC; Prognostic factors; DNA ploidy; Flow cytometry; Image analysis; Edmondson-Steiner grading; Liver

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Πέτρου, . . (2010). Η πλοειδικότητα του DNA ως προγνωστικός παράγοντας στον πρωτοπαθή καρκίνο του ήπατος με τεχνικές κυτταρομετρίας ροής με ανάλυση εικόνας. (Thesis). National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/27339

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Πέτρου, Αθανάσιος. “Η πλοειδικότητα του DNA ως προγνωστικός παράγοντας στον πρωτοπαθή καρκίνο του ήπατος με τεχνικές κυτταρομετρίας ροής με ανάλυση εικόνας.” 2010. Thesis, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ). Accessed November 29, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/27339.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Πέτρου, Αθανάσιος. “Η πλοειδικότητα του DNA ως προγνωστικός παράγοντας στον πρωτοπαθή καρκίνο του ήπατος με τεχνικές κυτταρομετρίας ροής με ανάλυση εικόνας.” 2010. Web. 29 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Πέτρου . Η πλοειδικότητα του DNA ως προγνωστικός παράγοντας στον πρωτοπαθή καρκίνο του ήπατος με τεχνικές κυτταρομετρίας ροής με ανάλυση εικόνας. [Internet] [Thesis]. National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ); 2010. [cited 2020 Nov 29]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/27339.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Πέτρου . Η πλοειδικότητα του DNA ως προγνωστικός παράγοντας στον πρωτοπαθή καρκίνο του ήπατος με τεχνικές κυτταρομετρίας ροής με ανάλυση εικόνας. [Thesis]. National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ); 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/27339

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.