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You searched for subject:(Eagle Cave). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Texas A&M University

1. Turner-Pearson, Katherine. The search for ancient hair: a scientific approach to the probabilities and recovery of unattached hair in archaeological sites.

Degree: 2009, Texas A&M University

A recent upsurge exists of archaeologists using ancient hair as a research tool, with new uses of this previously discarded archaeological material being introduced annually. Human hair deteriorates extremely slowly, and since the average modern human sheds approximately one hundred hairs per day, there should be copious amounts of hair debris left behind after humans leave a site; it is just a matter of how much of the hair survives in the archaeological environment. Most loose hair recovered from archaeological sites, however, is found fortuitously and in many cases, because archaeologists were not actively searching for ancient hair, it is possible they tainted the hair they later tested in ways that compromised their data, or more importantly contaminated their samples with modern hair and did not test ancient hair at all. No standardized method has previously been established for searching for ancient hair in an archaeological site. This paper considers (a) a method of soil extraction in the field that avoids contamination with modern hair and elements that might hinder later test data; (b) the processing of samples in the laboratory while continuing sample integrity; (c) identification of the types of soils and environments that are most favorable to hair preservation; and (d) an examination of the relevance of hair extraction from sites including the practicality and research potential. This paper examines five archaeological sites, using three different methods of hair extraction, examining the pros and cons of each. This should enable future researchers to find a method that works best for their particular site. It also analyzes the soil chemistry of the sites in order to study the soil and hair survival relationship, so that scientists can better determine which soils hold the best potential for hair survival. Laboratory methods that avoid contamination of the samples are also outlined in order to help researchers keep sample integrity after leaving the archaeological site. Advisors/Committee Members: Bryant, Vaughn M. (advisor), Hallmark, Charles T. (committee member), Waters, Michael R. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: ancient hair; archaeology; hair degration; soil chemistry; hair recovery; Hansen Reservoir; Eagle Cave; Rainbow Lake; Estes Ranch

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APA (6th Edition):

Turner-Pearson, K. (2009). The search for ancient hair: a scientific approach to the probabilities and recovery of unattached hair in archaeological sites. (Thesis). Texas A&M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1417

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Turner-Pearson, Katherine. “The search for ancient hair: a scientific approach to the probabilities and recovery of unattached hair in archaeological sites.” 2009. Thesis, Texas A&M University. Accessed October 21, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1417.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Turner-Pearson, Katherine. “The search for ancient hair: a scientific approach to the probabilities and recovery of unattached hair in archaeological sites.” 2009. Web. 21 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Turner-Pearson K. The search for ancient hair: a scientific approach to the probabilities and recovery of unattached hair in archaeological sites. [Internet] [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2009. [cited 2019 Oct 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1417.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Turner-Pearson K. The search for ancient hair: a scientific approach to the probabilities and recovery of unattached hair in archaeological sites. [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2009. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1417

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Texas State University – San Marcos

2. Nielsen, Christina. A Microstratigraphic Approach to Evaluating Site Formation Processes at Eagle Cave (41VV167).

Degree: MA, Anthropology, 2017, Texas State University – San Marcos

Dry rockshelters in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands (LPC) provide a unique setting for archaeological research, preserving otherwise perishable artifacts and organic materials within the site deposits. However, many of the excavations done in the LPC were conducted during the 1930s and 1960s when the focus was recovering unique prehistoric items and/or chronology. The excavation methods during these times were unrefined, data was not reported in great detail, and little effort was made to discuss or interpret site formation processes. My thesis research focused on the northern sector of Eagle Cave, which was first sampled during the 1963 excavations by the University of Texas at Austin. The goal of my thesis research was to use a “microstratigraphic” approach to evaluate the natural and cultural processes that led to the accumulation of the strata in this sector of Eagle Cave, focusing on the source of sediments in each stratigraphic layer, methods of transport of the sediments, and the specific natural and cultural processes responsible for forming and/or reorganizing the deposits. The microstratigraphic approach included recording stratigraphy in high resolution (i.e., “splitting” rather than “lumping” strata) and the collection and analysis of micromorph samples to examine in situ stratigraphy. Multiple lines of evidence, including data derived from the stratigraphic documentation, geoarchaeological sampling, macrobotanical and faunal identification, constituent size distribution, and radiocarbon dating, were used to evaluate the various formation processes. The 75 stratigraphic layers defined, recorded, and sampled in UT North were categorized into general strat types such as discrete ash lenses, thick ash deposits, refuse midden, earth oven heating element remnants, and limestone spall deposits. The results of the analyses revealed that some of our initial impressions of the deposits were incorrect, the most significant being that the “thick ash deposits” contained far less wood ash than what was initially though. The results of the analyses indicate that the deposits in UT North are comprised of natural sediments derived from both inside and outside the shelter (e.g., limestone spall, aeolian silt- and sand-sized grains), biogenic deposits derived from animals (e.g., feces), and anthropogenic materials brought in to the shelter by humans for plant processing and baking (e.g., rock, fuel, foodstuffs, alluvium to cap earth oven), animal butchering, consumption, and tool manufacture (i.e., faunal remains), and stone tool production (i.e., lithics debris and tools). The reorganization of deposits through time in this portion of the rockshelter is primarily a result of prehistoric cleanout activities and pit digging, although bioturbation from animal burrowing also contributed a substantial amount of reorganization. This thesis provides an initial evaluation of the formation processes that led to the accumulation of the strata in Eagle Cave. However, my research focused on one small area of the shelter and additional… Advisors/Committee Members: Black, Stephen L. (advisor), Bousman, C. Britt (committee member), Hanselka, Kevin (committee member), Frederick, Charles (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Archaeology; Lower Pecos; Formation processes; Rockshelter; Eagle Cave; Archaeology – Methodology; Archaeological geology; Geology – Pecos River Valley (N.M. and Tex.); Excavations (Archaeology) – Pecos River Valley (N.M. and Tex.); Excavations (Archaeology) – Texas – Eagle Cave

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Nielsen, C. (2017). A Microstratigraphic Approach to Evaluating Site Formation Processes at Eagle Cave (41VV167). (Masters Thesis). Texas State University – San Marcos. Retrieved from https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/6778

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Nielsen, Christina. “A Microstratigraphic Approach to Evaluating Site Formation Processes at Eagle Cave (41VV167).” 2017. Masters Thesis, Texas State University – San Marcos. Accessed October 21, 2019. https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/6778.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Nielsen, Christina. “A Microstratigraphic Approach to Evaluating Site Formation Processes at Eagle Cave (41VV167).” 2017. Web. 21 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Nielsen C. A Microstratigraphic Approach to Evaluating Site Formation Processes at Eagle Cave (41VV167). [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2017. [cited 2019 Oct 21]. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/6778.

Council of Science Editors:

Nielsen C. A Microstratigraphic Approach to Evaluating Site Formation Processes at Eagle Cave (41VV167). [Masters Thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2017. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/6778

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