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You searched for subject:(Demographic dividend). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Texas – Austin

1. Hardy, David McGrath. Comparative population policy.

Degree: Public Affairs, 2011, University of Texas – Austin

In the last thirty years an increasing number of governments are taking an interest in the growth rate and age structure of their populations. The chief concern among advanced economies is that pay-as-you-go pension and health care systems for the elderly will be unsustainable as the ratio of younger workers to older beneficiaries shrinks from aging populations. Resistance to reforms such as reduced or delayed benefits, or higher taxes has focused attention on a third option, growing the working-age population. There is a growing consensus on the economic benefits of population growth, a reversal from the 1960s through 80s. Governments try to grow the population through incentives for more children and/or accepting more immigrants. This report compares the population policies of Singapore, the United States, France, and Japan to analyze governments' motives and policy outcomes. Middle-income nations like China and Brazil can learn from the experiences of developed nations to avoid the same predicament in the future. Each government's mix of fertility incentives, immigrants, and guest workers is a product of their economic and political circumstances. The surest way to grow the population, accepting immigrants, is usually the least popular. The most popular is the most unproven, providing benefits for larger families. There is no consensus what the most effective fertility incentives are. Population policy has never been just about the economy, it is steeped in political and cultural visions. Shedding that political baggage is a prerequisite to a more rational, sustainable policy approach to demography. Advisors/Committee Members: Wilson, Robert Hines (advisor), Stolp, Chandler (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Population policy; Demography; Demographic dividend; Demographic transition; Pro-natalism; Immigration; United States; Law and legislation; France; Japan

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APA (6th Edition):

Hardy, D. M. (2011). Comparative population policy. (Thesis). University of Texas – Austin. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2011-05-2908

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hardy, David McGrath. “Comparative population policy.” 2011. Thesis, University of Texas – Austin. Accessed August 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2011-05-2908.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hardy, David McGrath. “Comparative population policy.” 2011. Web. 18 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Hardy DM. Comparative population policy. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Texas – Austin; 2011. [cited 2019 Aug 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2011-05-2908.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hardy DM. Comparative population policy. [Thesis]. University of Texas – Austin; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2011-05-2908

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul

2. Clavijo Ospina, Andrés Mauricio. Labor supply, employment and growth : a empirical study with data panel in 74 countries between 1990-2014.

Degree: 2017, Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul

At present there is a necessity to rethink development policies because the miracle registered by the baby boomers in the last century begins to disappear. For this reason, the objective of this work is to measure economic and demographic impact of elderly boomers on economic growth by adding two variables in the general Solow-Swan equation. Also, measuring the impact of women participation in the workforce as one of the possible ways to mitigate this decline (disaggregate by sex and age). The main results were: a 34% reduction in growth explained by the purely demographic factor (labor force) in relation to the observed in the years 80-90. To group of women over 25+ who have a negative coefficient -0.24 (growth rate of employment) on economic growth (GDP per-capita), this is due to the fact that although women have a higher labor force growth than men, the number of women employments do not increase in the same proportion, this is largely due to institutional weakness and lack of economic openness in most countries.

Na atualidade existe uma necessidade de repensar políticas voltadas para o desenvolvimento devido a que o milagre resgitrado por os baby boomers no século passado começa a desaparecer. Por isto, o objetivo deste trabalho é medir o impacto econômico e demográfico dos elderly boomers sobre o crescimento económico, adicionando duas variáveis na equação geral de Solow- Swan. Além disso, medir o impacto da participação das mulheres na força de trabalho como uma das fontes possível para mitigar este declínio (separado por edade e sexo). Os principais ressultados foram: que evidenciá-se una redução do 34% no crecimento explicado pelo factor puramente demográfico (força laboral) em relação com o abservado nos anos 80-90. Evidenciáse também para o grupo de mulheres maiores de 25+ que tem um coeficiente negativo -0,24 (cresciemnto taxa de emprego) sobre o crescimento econômico (PIB per-capita), isto deve-se a que embora as mulheres tenham um maior crescimento em sua força laboral do que os homens, as mulheres empregadas não cresce na mesma proporção, isto em grande parte pela fraqueça institucional e ausência apertura econômica ainda na maioria dos países.

Advisors/Committee Members: Pôrto Júnior, Sabino da Silva.

Subjects/Keywords: Economic growth; Oferta de trabalho; História econômica; Demographic dividend; Mão-de-obra; Labor supply; Emprego

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Clavijo Ospina, A. M. (2017). Labor supply, employment and growth : a empirical study with data panel in 74 countries between 1990-2014. (Thesis). Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10183/178156

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Clavijo Ospina, Andrés Mauricio. “Labor supply, employment and growth : a empirical study with data panel in 74 countries between 1990-2014.” 2017. Thesis, Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul. Accessed August 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10183/178156.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Clavijo Ospina, Andrés Mauricio. “Labor supply, employment and growth : a empirical study with data panel in 74 countries between 1990-2014.” 2017. Web. 18 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Clavijo Ospina AM. Labor supply, employment and growth : a empirical study with data panel in 74 countries between 1990-2014. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul; 2017. [cited 2019 Aug 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10183/178156.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Clavijo Ospina AM. Labor supply, employment and growth : a empirical study with data panel in 74 countries between 1990-2014. [Thesis]. Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10183/178156

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Harryson, Angelica. Is there a relationship between the dependency rate and economic growth? : A study of the demographic dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Degree: Social Sciences, 2014, Södertörn University

Economists have studied the relationship between population growth and economic growth for a very long time and not found any clear relationships. Recently they have begun to focus on the factors of population growth such as fertility and mortality rates. From this line of study came the age-structure hypothesis. The age-structure hypothesis was founded on the evidence from Asia’s very successful demographic transition and many economists are now wondering whether Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) will be able to repeat this feat. Hence, this study aims to investigate the relationship between the dependency ratio (a ratio between the dependents (ages 0-14 and 65+) and the number of workers (aged 15-64) in a population (Eastwood and Lipton, 2012)) and economic growth in SSA and search for evidence of a demographic dividend. Not many previous studies have been done focusing completely on SSA and this study therefore aims to shed some light on the subject. The investigation was done by a cross-sectional regression analysis using a sample of 26 sub-Saharan countries and secondary data from mostly the World Bank. The results show a significant relationship between both versions of the dependency ratio and economic growth but do not show evidence of a demographic dividend. Out of the two versions of the age-structure hypothesis, most support was found for the strong version. Furthermore, support was found for the conditional convergence theory and both savings per capita and the initial level of education were found significant. However, the results had problems with severe multicollinearity and it was concluded that the results were not entirely reliable and should not be depended upon.

Subjects/Keywords: Demographic transition; dividend; demography; dependency; economic growth; sub-Saharan Africa; development; population

…the dependency ratio and the demographic dividend is based on the discussion about the… …transition indicates that the demographic dividend will be lower. Kelley and Schmidt (2005… …dividend and dependency ratios is the second demographic dividend. Lee et al. (2000)… …to increase. The current trends regarding the demographic dividend are local investigations… …where the demographic dividend is investigated in one country and occasional regional… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Harryson, A. (2014). Is there a relationship between the dependency rate and economic growth? : A study of the demographic dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa. (Thesis). Södertörn University. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26489

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Harryson, Angelica. “Is there a relationship between the dependency rate and economic growth? : A study of the demographic dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa.” 2014. Thesis, Södertörn University. Accessed August 18, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26489.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Harryson, Angelica. “Is there a relationship between the dependency rate and economic growth? : A study of the demographic dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa.” 2014. Web. 18 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Harryson A. Is there a relationship between the dependency rate and economic growth? : A study of the demographic dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa. [Internet] [Thesis]. Södertörn University; 2014. [cited 2019 Aug 18]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26489.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Harryson A. Is there a relationship between the dependency rate and economic growth? : A study of the demographic dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa. [Thesis]. Södertörn University; 2014. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26489

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.