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Columbia University

1. Astourian, Laure Maude. Outside the Metropolitan Frame: The Nouvelle Vague and the Foreign, 1954-1968.

Degree: 2016, Columbia University

In Outside the Metropolitan Frame: The Nouvelle Vague and the Foreign, 1954-1968 I examine the significance of the Nouvelle Vague directors’ engagement with the world beyond metropolitan France, through formal analyses of seminal films by Jean-Luc Godard, Chris Marker, Alain Resnais, and Jean Rouch, as well as close readings of archival documents pertaining to their promotion and reception. I contend that the directors of the Nouvelle Vague were concerned with the shifts in national, transnational and colonial dynamics that marked their era. I demonstrate that their texts and films are structured by a dialectical relationship between a gaze turned outwards onto the world beyond metropolitan France, and a gaze turned inwards, onto the French. In my first three chapters, I inscribe the Nouvelle Vague in a cultural longue durée by examining its formal and thematic continuities with the tradition of French ethnography; the inter-war artistic movement, Surrealism; and the cinéma vérité documentary tradition of the early 1960s. I illustrate that the films of the Nouvelle Vague were fundamentally shaped by their directors’ engagement with the decolonization of the French empire. In my final chapter, I reexamine the most conspicuous example of foreign influence on the Nouvelle Vague, American cinema, in light of my preceding demonstrations. I determine that there are two levels of foreign influence on the Nouvelle Vague, and that the influence of American cinema was above all textual and superficial, whereas a grappling with the end of the French empire was, though far less conspicuous, fundamental to the form of the Nouvelle Vague films themselves.

Subjects/Keywords: Decolonization – French colonies; New wave films; Romance literature; Motion pictures; Godard, Jean-Luc, 1930-; Marker, Chris, 1921-2012; Resnais, Alain, 1922-2014; Rouch, Jean

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APA (6th Edition):

Astourian, L. M. (2016). Outside the Metropolitan Frame: The Nouvelle Vague and the Foreign, 1954-1968. (Doctoral Dissertation). Columbia University. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.7916/D80P101R

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Astourian, Laure Maude. “Outside the Metropolitan Frame: The Nouvelle Vague and the Foreign, 1954-1968.” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, Columbia University. Accessed December 05, 2019. https://doi.org/10.7916/D80P101R.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Astourian, Laure Maude. “Outside the Metropolitan Frame: The Nouvelle Vague and the Foreign, 1954-1968.” 2016. Web. 05 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Astourian LM. Outside the Metropolitan Frame: The Nouvelle Vague and the Foreign, 1954-1968. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University; 2016. [cited 2019 Dec 05]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.7916/D80P101R.

Council of Science Editors:

Astourian LM. Outside the Metropolitan Frame: The Nouvelle Vague and the Foreign, 1954-1968. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Columbia University; 2016. Available from: https://doi.org/10.7916/D80P101R

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