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Australian National University

1.
Morris, Andrew Jordan.
Local Hardy spaces and quadratic *estimates* for Dirac type operators on Riemannian manifolds
.

Degree: 2010, Australian National University

URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/8864

The connection between quadratic estimates and the existence of a bounded holomorphic functional calculus of an operator provides a framework for applying harmonic analysis to the theory of differential operators. This is a generalization of the connection between Littlewood – Paley – Stein estimates and the functional calculus provided by the Fourier transform. We use the former approach in this thesis to study first-order differential operators on Riemannian manifolds. The theory developed is local in the sense that it does not depend on the spectrum of the operator in a neighbourhood of the origin. When we apply harmonic analysis to obtain estimates, the local theory only requires that we do so up to a finite scale. This allows us to consider manifolds with exponential volume growth in situations where the global theory requires polynomial volume growth.
A holomorphic functional calculus is constructed for operators on a reflexive Banach space that are bisectorial except possibly in a neighbourhood of the origin. We prove that this functional calculus is bounded if and only if certain local quadratic estimates hold. For operators with spectrum in a neighbourhood of the origin, the results are weaker than those for bisectorial operators. For operators with a spectral gap in a neighbourhood of the origin, the results are stronger. In each case, however, local quadratic estimates are a more appropriate tool than standard quadratic estimates for establishing that the functional calculus is bounded.
This theory allows us to define local Hardy spaces of differential forms that are adapted to a class of first-order differential operators on a complete Riemannian manifold with at most exponential volume growth. The local geometric Riesz transform associated with the Hodge – Dirac operator is bounded on these spaces provided that a certain condition on the exponential growth of the manifold is satisfied. A characterisation of these spaces in terms of local molecules is also obtained. These results can be viewed as the localisation of those for the Hardy spaces of differential forms introduced by Auscher, McIntosh and Russ.
Finally, we introduce a class of first-order differential operators that act on the trivial bundle over a complete Riemannian manifold with at most exponential volume growth and on which a local Poincaré inequality holds. A local quadratic estimate is established for certain perturbations of these operators. As an application, we solve the Kato square root problem for divergence form operators on complete Riemannian manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below that are embedded in Euclidean space with a uniformly bounded second fundamental form. This is based on the framework for Dirac type operators that was introduced by Axelsson, Keith and McIntosh.

Subjects/Keywords: holomorphic functional calculi; quadratic estimates; sectorial operators; local Hardy spaces; Riemannian manifolds; differential forms; Hodge – Dirac operators; local Riesz transforms; off-diagonal estimates; Davies – Gaffney estimates; Kato square-root problems; submanifolds; divergence form operators; first-order differential operators

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APA (6^{th} Edition):

Morris, A. J. (2010). Local Hardy spaces and quadratic estimates for Dirac type operators on Riemannian manifolds . (Thesis). Australian National University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1885/8864

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:

Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16^{th} Edition):

Morris, Andrew Jordan. “Local Hardy spaces and quadratic estimates for Dirac type operators on Riemannian manifolds .” 2010. Thesis, Australian National University. Accessed January 18, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1885/8864.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:

Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7^{th} Edition):

Morris, Andrew Jordan. “Local Hardy spaces and quadratic estimates for Dirac type operators on Riemannian manifolds .” 2010. Web. 18 Jan 2021.

Vancouver:

Morris AJ. Local Hardy spaces and quadratic estimates for Dirac type operators on Riemannian manifolds . [Internet] [Thesis]. Australian National University; 2010. [cited 2021 Jan 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/8864.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:

Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Morris AJ. Local Hardy spaces and quadratic estimates for Dirac type operators on Riemannian manifolds . [Thesis]. Australian National University; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/8864

Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation