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Loughborough University

1. Jones, Wendy. What is a good job? : modelling, measuring and improving job quality.

Degree: PhD, 2014, Loughborough University

Job quality is important: there is a substantial evidence base which illustrates the potential risks of poor quality work. These arise from the occurrence of accidents and disease due to unmanaged hazards, as well as from psychosocial factors such as poor pay and security, shift working or the combination of low control and high demands. There is also a body of evidence which demonstrates a positive impact from good quality work, with contributions to longevity, improved health and happiness, and business success. Despite this recognition of the importance of job quality, there is a lack of agreement around exactly what it is: particularly when trying to define it as a single construct. This research aimed to address this insufficiency by exploring the concept of the good job, and seeking to define job quality from an ergonomics perspective. This approach encourages a broad outlook, taking account of the physical and psychosocial aspects of work, the interactions between them, and the impact of individual variation. A theoretical model is presented to summarise the concept of job quality based on these considerations: this was applied to a study of three bus companies using both a quantitative survey tool and qualitative methods. In developing the model, an initial study was undertaken using repertory grid interviews to explore notions of work and job quality, and to identify the most important areas for further investigation. Interviews were conducted with individuals (n=18) who were employed in a wide range of jobs, and varied substantially in their priorities and preferences. Job content and relationships were often identified as more important than pay levels; but there was also evidence of compromise, where interviewees had prioritised jobs which met their practical needs. Also, individuals perceived a good job differently from one which was good for their health, and overall did not consider good health to be an essential outcome of a good job. Two subsequent studies were undertaken with a focus on jobs commonly done by those with low formal education, who may have more to gain from improved job quality. Semi-structured interviews were carried out firstly with cleaners and manufacturing employees (n=30) and then with bus drivers (n=80). A number of job features such as safety and job/employment security were found to be important for almost all interviewees, and thus were identified as core features of a good job. Other factors such as autonomy and preferences for particular working patterns were more variable, highlighting the importance of job-employee fit. The theoretical model of job quality constructed was based on these findings and the literature. The model was applied in a qualitative study of bus and coach drivers in three companies to assess whether this was a good job, whether it could be a good job, and what the barriers to this might be. In two of the companies bus driving was found to be a poor job, with low pay and inadequate health and safety management. In the third company it was better but…

Subjects/Keywords: 650.14; Job quality; Good job; Repertory grid; DGB-Index; Bus drivers

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Jones, W. (2014). What is a good job? : modelling, measuring and improving job quality. (Doctoral Dissertation). Loughborough University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2134/14568

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Jones, Wendy. “What is a good job? : modelling, measuring and improving job quality.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Loughborough University. Accessed December 04, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2134/14568.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Jones, Wendy. “What is a good job? : modelling, measuring and improving job quality.” 2014. Web. 04 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Jones W. What is a good job? : modelling, measuring and improving job quality. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Loughborough University; 2014. [cited 2020 Dec 04]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2134/14568.

Council of Science Editors:

Jones W. What is a good job? : modelling, measuring and improving job quality. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Loughborough University; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2134/14568

2. Bauwens, Fabian. CLEAVAGES, ORGANIZED INTERESTS, AND PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY AND JAPAN.

Degree: 2015, Johns Hopkins University

This project focuses on the relationship between cleavages, political parties, and interest groups in the United States, Germany, and Japan. Despite very different political and institutional characteristics – two-party, multi-party, and dominant-party systems; the German neo-corporatist state, the Japanese “developmental state,” and the U.S. pluralist limited state – all of them suffer increasingly from problems of disaffection of the electorate with political parties and elections. I explore the question in how far political parties actually represent the demands of cleavage-based constituencies as embodied by extra-electoral organized interests, how this relationship changed over time, and in how far institutional differences in government-interest group embeddedness may account for this. In particular, I am analyzing and comparing time-series data for political parties, union federations and minority organizations, by employing content analysis software in order to process data reaching back as far as five decades. As a theoretical framework I reapply social cleavage theory in a way that both parties and extra-electoral forms of political participation are included. One of the elements that make this project unique, is this approach that permits a comparison of political parties and extra-electoral political organizations within the same theoretical and methodological framework. This framework enables me to explore the changing relationship between the programmatic language of party manifestos and organized interests’ programmatic texts. In addition to case specific insights my project will not only provide a contribution to theory on the relationship between political cleavages, parties, and organized interests, but it will also yield a basis for recommendations on how to make political parties more responsive to the demands of cleavage-based organized interests. This project may be particularly useful for fledgling democracies in the early stages of state building, and studies focused on the interaction between political parties and interest group organizations. Advisors/Committee Members: Rowe, William T (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Cleavages; Parties; Organized Interests; USA; Japan; Germany; AFL-CIO; DGB; RENGO; LULAC; TGD; BLL

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Bauwens, F. (2015). CLEAVAGES, ORGANIZED INTERESTS, AND PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY AND JAPAN. (Thesis). Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved from http://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/37946

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Bauwens, Fabian. “CLEAVAGES, ORGANIZED INTERESTS, AND PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY AND JAPAN.” 2015. Thesis, Johns Hopkins University. Accessed December 04, 2020. http://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/37946.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Bauwens, Fabian. “CLEAVAGES, ORGANIZED INTERESTS, AND PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY AND JAPAN.” 2015. Web. 04 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Bauwens F. CLEAVAGES, ORGANIZED INTERESTS, AND PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY AND JAPAN. [Internet] [Thesis]. Johns Hopkins University; 2015. [cited 2020 Dec 04]. Available from: http://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/37946.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Bauwens F. CLEAVAGES, ORGANIZED INTERESTS, AND PARTIES IN THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY AND JAPAN. [Thesis]. Johns Hopkins University; 2015. Available from: http://jhir.library.jhu.edu/handle/1774.2/37946

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Isaksson, Zeth. What is the problem with the European Pillar of Social Rights? : Trade unions in the consultation process of the European pillar of social rights.

Degree: Government, 2018, Uppsala University

Subjects/Keywords: trade unions; EU; european pillar of social rights; carol bacchi; ETUC; CGIL; LO; DGB; CFDT; Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies); Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier); Political Science; Statsvetenskap

…grouped is still relevant. Therefore, two continental unions, CFDT and DGB are included as well… …4.1 Germany - DGB Germany has had a strong presence of trade unions in forming social policy… …The DGB is by far the largest union as they have almost six million members. Other unions… …exist but the DGB is 24 Trampusch, Christine, 2007, Industrial Relations as a Source of… …only assess the DGB. In Germany, only 18% of workers are in unions and the collective… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Isaksson, Z. (2018). What is the problem with the European Pillar of Social Rights? : Trade unions in the consultation process of the European pillar of social rights. (Thesis). Uppsala University. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355991

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Isaksson, Zeth. “What is the problem with the European Pillar of Social Rights? : Trade unions in the consultation process of the European pillar of social rights.” 2018. Thesis, Uppsala University. Accessed December 04, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355991.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Isaksson, Zeth. “What is the problem with the European Pillar of Social Rights? : Trade unions in the consultation process of the European pillar of social rights.” 2018. Web. 04 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Isaksson Z. What is the problem with the European Pillar of Social Rights? : Trade unions in the consultation process of the European pillar of social rights. [Internet] [Thesis]. Uppsala University; 2018. [cited 2020 Dec 04]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355991.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Isaksson Z. What is the problem with the European Pillar of Social Rights? : Trade unions in the consultation process of the European pillar of social rights. [Thesis]. Uppsala University; 2018. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355991

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.