Advanced search options

Advanced Search Options 🞨

Browse by author name (“Author name starts with…”).

Find ETDs with:

in
/  
in
/  
in
/  
in

Written in Published in Earliest date Latest date

Sorted by

Results per page:

Sorted by: relevance · author · university · dateNew search

You searched for subject:(Creolistics). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

Search Limiters

Last 2 Years | English Only

No search limiters apply to these results.

▼ Search Limiters


University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

1. Schieferstein, Sarah. Improving neural language models on low-resource creole languages.

Degree: MS, Computer Science, 2018, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

When using neural models for NLP tasks, like language modelling, it is difficult to utilize a language with little data, also known as a low-resource language. Creole languages are frequently low-resource and as such it is difficult to train neural language models for them well. Creole languages are a special type of language that is widely thought of as having multiple parents and thus receiving a mix of evolutionary traits from all of them. One of a creole language’s parents is known as the lexifier, which gives the creole its lexicon, and the other parents are known as substrates, which possibly are thought to give the creole language its morphology and syntax. Creole languages are most lexically similar to their lexifier and most syntactically similar to otherwise unrelated creole languages. High lexical similarity to the lexifier is unsurprising because by definition lexifiers provide a creole’s lexicon, but high syntactic similarity to the other unrelated creole languages is not obvious and is explored in detail. We can use this information about creole languages’ unique genesis and typology to decrease the perplexity of neural language models on low-resource creole languages. We discovered that syntactically similar languages (especially other creole languages) can successfully transfer learned features during pretraining from a high-resource language to a low-resource creole language through a method called neural stacking. A method that normalized the vocabulary of a creole language to its lexifier also lowered perplexities of creole-language neural models. Advisors/Committee Members: Hockenmaier, Julia (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Natural Language Processing; Neural Networks; Deep Learning; Linguistics; Creole Languages; Creolistics

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Schieferstein, S. (2018). Improving neural language models on low-resource creole languages. (Thesis). University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/102512

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Schieferstein, Sarah. “Improving neural language models on low-resource creole languages.” 2018. Thesis, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Accessed January 19, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/102512.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Schieferstein, Sarah. “Improving neural language models on low-resource creole languages.” 2018. Web. 19 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Schieferstein S. Improving neural language models on low-resource creole languages. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2018. [cited 2020 Jan 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/102512.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Schieferstein S. Improving neural language models on low-resource creole languages. [Thesis]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/102512

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Robertson, David Douglas. Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins.

Degree: Dept. of Linguistics, 2012, University of Victoria

This dissertation presents the first full grammatical description of unprompted (spontaneous) speech in pidgin Chinook Jargon [synonyms Chinúk Wawa, Chinook]. The data come from a dialect I term ‘Kamloops Chinúk Wawa’, used in southern interior British Columbia circa 1900. I also present the first historical study and structural analysis of the shorthand-based ‘Chinuk pipa’ alphabet in which Kamloops Chinúk Wawa was written, primarily by Salish people. This study is made possible by the discovery of several hundred such texts, which I have transliterated and analyzed. The Basic Linguistic Theory-inspired (cf. Dixon 2010a,b) framework used here interprets Kamloops Chinúk Wawa as surprisingly ramified in morphological and syntactic structure, a finding in line with recent studies reexamining the status of pidgins by Bakker (e.g. 2003a,b, forthcoming) among others. Among the major findings: an unusually successful pidgin literacy including a widely circulated newspaper Kamloops Wawa, and language planning by the missionary J.M.R. Le Jeune, O.M.I. He planned both for the use of Kamloops Chinúk Wawa and this alphabet, and for their replacement by English. Additional sociolinguistic factors determining how Chinuk pipa was written included Salish preferences for learning to write by whole-word units (rather than letter by letter), and toward informal intra-community teaching of this first group literacy. In addition to compounding and conversion of lexical roots, Kamloops Chinúk Wawa morphology exploited three types of preposed grammatical morphemes—affixes, clitics, and particles. Virtually all are homonymous with and grammaticalized from demonstrably lexical morphs. Newly identified categories include ‘out-of-control’ transitivity marking and discourse markers including ‘admirative’ and ‘inferred’. Contrary to previous claims about Chinook Jargon (cf. Vrzic 1999), no overt passive voice exists in Kamloops Chinúk Wawa (nor probably in pan-Chinook Jargon), but a previously unknown ‘passivization strategy’ of implied agent demotion is brought to light. A realis-irrealis modality distinction is reflected at several scopal levels: phrase, clause and sentence. Functional differences are observed between irrealis clauses before and after main clauses. Polar questions are restricted to subordinate clauses, while alternative questions are formed by simple juxtaposition of irrealis clauses. Main-clause interrogatives are limited to content-question forms, optionally with irrealis marking. Positive imperatives are normally signaled by a mood particle on a realis clause, negative ones by a negative particle. Aspect is marked in a three-part ingressive-imperfective-completive system, with a marginal fourth ‘conative’. One negative operator has characteristically clausal, and another phrasal, scope. One copula is newly attested. Degree marking is largely confined to ‘predicative’ adjectives (copula complements). Several novel features of pronoun usage possibly reflect Salish L1 grammatical habits: a consistent animacy… Advisors/Committee Members: Czaykowska-Higgins, Ewa (supervisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Aboriginal languages; Basic Linguistic Theory; BC languages; Chinook Jargon; Chinuk pipa; Canadian languages; Chinuk Wawa; Creolistics; Duployan shorthand; Descriptive linguistics; Documentary linguistics; Endangered languages; First Nations languages; Historical linguistics; Indigenous languages; Kamloops Chinuk Wawa; Kamloops Wawa; Language contact; Le Jeune, J.M.R.; Language revitalization; Lillooet Indians; Literacy; Missionary linguistics; Northwest languages; Okanagan Indians; Pidgin and creole linguistics; Pidgin languages; Pacific Northwest languages; Salish languages; Shorthand; Shuswap Indians; Thompson Indians; Writing systems

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Robertson, D. D. (2012). Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins. (Thesis). University of Victoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Robertson, David Douglas. “Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins.” 2012. Thesis, University of Victoria. Accessed January 19, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Robertson, David Douglas. “Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins.” 2012. Web. 19 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Robertson DD. Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2012. [cited 2020 Jan 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Robertson DD. Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins. [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.