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Universitat de Barcelona

1. Colomar Ferrer, Santiago. Una frontera oblidada. Atacs i desembarcaments de corsaris nordafricans a Catalunya, València i Balears: 1571-1650.

Degree: Departament d'Història Moderna, 2016, Universitat de Barcelona

At the end of the sixteenth century, the Mediterranean became a politically forgotten frontier. The problems of the Ottoman Empire, the financial troubles of the Spanish Monarchy, the situation in Flandes and Philip the Second’s aspirations to the Portuguese crown favored the signature of several truces between the two empires (1577-1581). Such political oblivion and the economical problems left the defense of the Mediterranean territories of the Spanish Monarchy in a precarious condition, causing a delay in the finalization of fortification works, the deterioration of garrisons and a lack of weapons and ammunitions. This fact, together with the rising of an increasingly Barbarian privateering, led to a militarization of the civil society, at different levels, depending on the areas. This phenomenon intensified in the first half of the seventeenth century, when the banditry accentuated in Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands. In this period of political oblivion and precarious defense, the towers became the most important element to face the corsairs’ new forms of warfare, based on small scale raids. Unfortunately, this network of watchtowers only offered guarantees in the kingdom of Valencia and because there were not always coastal patrol vessels, the sea defense was insufficient. Such situation left the coast of Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands with few options against Barbarian privateering, which reached its highest point in the decade of 1640s. This corsair activity mainly came from the Regency of Algiers, which became a peripheral and autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the sixteenth century. Between 1571 and 1610, the North African corsairs used, above all, traditional vessels and the most common practice was the small raids. Between 1611 and 1650, with the emergence of sailing ships, high sea captures increased but muslims continued using traditional crafts, so the small raids by surprise did not disappear. The Maghrebis caused a lot of damage to coastal populations because, apart from taking captives, they raided and burnt villages, destroyed harvests, stole and killed flocks, desecrated churches, demolished towers, attacked fishing boats, distorted maritime trade and cut off sea communications. The human and material impact of these corsair attacks worsened the economical situation of the families and settlements on the coasts, which was specially delicate in the first half of the seventeenth century. Advisors/Committee Members: [email protected] (authoremail), false (authoremailshow), Belenguer Cebrià, Ernest, 1946- (director), true (authorsendemail).

Subjects/Keywords: Corsaris; Corsarios; Privateering; Musulmans; Musulmanes; Muslims; Fonts històriques; Fuentes históricas; History sources; Àfrica del Nord; África septentrional; Africa, North; Catalunya; Cataluña; Catalonia; País Valencià; Comunidad Valenciana; Valencian Community; Illes Balears; Baleares; Balearic Islands; Mediterrània (Regió); Mediterráneo (Región); Mediterranean Region; Ciències Humanes i Socials; 93

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APA (6th Edition):

Colomar Ferrer, S. (2016). Una frontera oblidada. Atacs i desembarcaments de corsaris nordafricans a Catalunya, València i Balears: 1571-1650. (Thesis). Universitat de Barcelona. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398537

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Colomar Ferrer, Santiago. “Una frontera oblidada. Atacs i desembarcaments de corsaris nordafricans a Catalunya, València i Balears: 1571-1650.” 2016. Thesis, Universitat de Barcelona. Accessed October 21, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398537.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Colomar Ferrer, Santiago. “Una frontera oblidada. Atacs i desembarcaments de corsaris nordafricans a Catalunya, València i Balears: 1571-1650.” 2016. Web. 21 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Colomar Ferrer S. Una frontera oblidada. Atacs i desembarcaments de corsaris nordafricans a Catalunya, València i Balears: 1571-1650. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universitat de Barcelona; 2016. [cited 2020 Oct 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398537.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Colomar Ferrer S. Una frontera oblidada. Atacs i desembarcaments de corsaris nordafricans a Catalunya, València i Balears: 1571-1650. [Thesis]. Universitat de Barcelona; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/398537

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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