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Linnaeus University

1. Sofic, Elvira. Koalitionsdemokrati i Bosnien och Hercegovina : En fallstudie av demokratiutvecklingen i Bosnien och Hercegovina.

Degree: Political Science, 2018, Linnaeus University

This study aims to investigate the democracy development i Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 1995, when the Dayton Peace Agreement was signed, Bosnia has been undergoing an democratization, but despite that the country is still year 2017 classified as ”partly free”. In this study the democracy-enhancing factors: civil society and the political system are being related to the Dayton Peace Agreement and are tested against liberal democratic values and Consociational Democracy theory. This study is a qualitative case study and following questions are being looked into:   -       Which factors within the civil society and political system limit the democracy development in Bosnia and Herzegovina? -       To what extent does the Dayton Peace Agreement limit Bosnia and Herzegovina’s democracy development? -       To what extent is Bosnia and Herzegovina an Consociational Democracy?   The fact that Bosnia has a divided and multiethnic society puts a foundational ground for a possible consolidated consociational democracy. Furthermore, the functions of the civil society, political system and the Dayton Peace Agreement are being discussed and the shortcomings of each are being highlighted. The results of this study indicate that Bosnia’s long democratization development is primarly based on the unwillingness to cooperation between the three constitutional groups, the exclusion of minority groups and the Dayton Peace Agreement’s regulations on a political system that is not sustainable for a stable democratic state. 

Subjects/Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Consociational Democracy; civil society; political system; Dayton Peace Agreement; Democracy development.; Bosnien och Hercegovina; koalitionsdemokrati; civilsamhälle; politiskt system; Daytonavtalet; demokratiutveckling.; Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies); Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Sofic, E. (2018). Koalitionsdemokrati i Bosnien och Hercegovina : En fallstudie av demokratiutvecklingen i Bosnien och Hercegovina. (Thesis). Linnaeus University. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69935

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Sofic, Elvira. “Koalitionsdemokrati i Bosnien och Hercegovina : En fallstudie av demokratiutvecklingen i Bosnien och Hercegovina.” 2018. Thesis, Linnaeus University. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69935.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Sofic, Elvira. “Koalitionsdemokrati i Bosnien och Hercegovina : En fallstudie av demokratiutvecklingen i Bosnien och Hercegovina.” 2018. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Sofic E. Koalitionsdemokrati i Bosnien och Hercegovina : En fallstudie av demokratiutvecklingen i Bosnien och Hercegovina. [Internet] [Thesis]. Linnaeus University; 2018. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69935.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Sofic E. Koalitionsdemokrati i Bosnien och Hercegovina : En fallstudie av demokratiutvecklingen i Bosnien och Hercegovina. [Thesis]. Linnaeus University; 2018. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69935

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Dechâtre, Laurent. Le pacte fédératif européen : The european federal compact.

Degree: Docteur es, Droit, 2012, Paris 2

Dans le cadre du renouvellement doctrinal sur les unions fédérales, nous proposons une définition du pacte fédératif qui se fonde sur l'étude des systèmes fédéraux allemand, américain, et suisse dans la perspective d'une qualification juridique des traités européens. Le pacte fédératif est un acte conclu volontairement entre des Etats fondant une institution, la Fédération, qui constitue une union politique. La stabilité de cette Fédération impose des mécanismes assurant sa cohérence et le respect du droit fédéral, ainsi que le développement d'un sentiment d'appartenance fédéral. Mais les autorités fédérales doivent à l'inverse respecter l'intégrité des Etats membres. Si l'un de ces éléments n'est pas respecté la Fédération risque d'imploser ou de se transformer en Etat fédéral. L'Union européenne répond globalement à ces critères de définition, ce qui permet sa qualification de Fédération. L'étude de son fonctionnement permet également de mettre en évidence un respect général de l'équilibre entre les niveaux fédéral et fédéré nécessaire à sa pérennisation en tant que Fédération. Au plan matériel, l'équilibre entre impératif de bon fonctionnement de la Fédération et le respect de l'intégrité des Etats membres ne fait pas l'objet de tensions avec les Etats membres, que ce soit au niveau de la répartition comme de l'exercice des compétences. Au plan institutionnel, le processus décisionnel a dû s'adapter au renforcement de l'intégration européenne. On constate notamment un renforcement de la légitimité démocratique, condition préalable au développement d'un sentiment d'appartenance européen, même si des améliorations restent nécessaires. Le reproche de déficit démocratique lié à l'absence d'alternative partisane paraît plus difficile à résoudre car le facteur partisan n'est pas aisé à concilier avec la logique de fonctionnement des institutions européennes qui impose une forme de compromis.

As part of the renewal of the doctrin regarding federal unions, I suggest a definition of the federal compact which is based on the study of the German, the American and the Swiss federal systems in order to find a legal classification for the European treaties. The federal compact is an act voluntarily concluded between states founding an "institution", the Federation, which is a political union. The stability of this Federation implies mechanisms which safeguard consistency and compliance with federal law ; besides it requires the development of a federal sense of belonging. But conversely, federal authorities have to respect the member states’ integrity. If one of those criteria is not met, the Federation may collapse or turn into a federal state. The European Union meets these criteria completely, which allows its characterization as Federation. The study of its functioning enables then to highlight a global compliance of the balance between federal and state level, which is necessary for the Federation’s stability. On the material level, the balance between the obligation of a good functioning Federation on the one hand and…

Advisors/Committee Members: Blumann, Claude (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Union politique; Homogénéité; Fidélité fédérale; Appartenance fédérale; Identité des Etats; Retrait; Equilibre des compétences; Subsidiarité; Equilibre institutionnel; Régime consociatif; Union européenne; Political union; Homogeneity; Federal comity (loyalty); Federal sense; State identity; Withdrawal; Balance of powers; Subsidiarity; Institutional balance; Consociational system; European Union

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Dechâtre, L. (2012). Le pacte fédératif européen : The european federal compact. (Doctoral Dissertation). Paris 2. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2012PA020106

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Dechâtre, Laurent. “Le pacte fédératif européen : The european federal compact.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, Paris 2. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://www.theses.fr/2012PA020106.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Dechâtre, Laurent. “Le pacte fédératif européen : The european federal compact.” 2012. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Dechâtre L. Le pacte fédératif européen : The european federal compact. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Paris 2; 2012. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2012PA020106.

Council of Science Editors:

Dechâtre L. Le pacte fédératif européen : The european federal compact. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Paris 2; 2012. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2012PA020106

.