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You searched for subject:(Chinuk Wawa). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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1. Johnson, Kylie N. "As Our Elders Taught Us to Speak It": Chinuk Wawa and the Process of Creating Authenticity.

Degree: MA, Anthropology, 2013, U of Denver

Chinuk Wawa (also called Chinook Jargon) began as a trading language of the Pacific Northwest in the late eighteenth century. As it developed, it became the major heritage language of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde, an intertribal nation located in Oregon. Now, as older speakers of the language pass on, there is an effort by the Grand Ronde to revitalize this language not only on the Grand Ronde Reservation, but also in nearby Portland, Oregon. However, revitalization can be a complicated process, as tribal leaders attempt to define Chinuk to maintain its traditions while adapting its vocabulary for the twenty-first century. This research thesis examines the process of creating authenticity through an ethnography of Chinuk Wawa speakers. Results indicate that revitalization of indigenous languages takes many forms; authenticity is difficult to maintain as the language is used in a number of environments and adapted for the twenty-first century. Advisors/Committee Members: Richard Clemmer-Smith, Ph.D..

Subjects/Keywords: Authenticity; Chinook jargon; Chinuk Wawa; Grand Ronde; Language revitalization; Indigenous Studies; Other Languages, Societies, and Cultures; Social and Cultural Anthropology

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APA (6th Edition):

Johnson, K. N. (2013). "As Our Elders Taught Us to Speak It": Chinuk Wawa and the Process of Creating Authenticity. (Thesis). U of Denver. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.du.edu/etd/323

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Johnson, Kylie N. “"As Our Elders Taught Us to Speak It": Chinuk Wawa and the Process of Creating Authenticity.” 2013. Thesis, U of Denver. Accessed December 12, 2019. https://digitalcommons.du.edu/etd/323.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Johnson, Kylie N. “"As Our Elders Taught Us to Speak It": Chinuk Wawa and the Process of Creating Authenticity.” 2013. Web. 12 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Johnson KN. "As Our Elders Taught Us to Speak It": Chinuk Wawa and the Process of Creating Authenticity. [Internet] [Thesis]. U of Denver; 2013. [cited 2019 Dec 12]. Available from: https://digitalcommons.du.edu/etd/323.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Johnson KN. "As Our Elders Taught Us to Speak It": Chinuk Wawa and the Process of Creating Authenticity. [Thesis]. U of Denver; 2013. Available from: https://digitalcommons.du.edu/etd/323

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Portland State University

2. Pecore, Abigail Elaina. Motivation in the Portland Chinuk Wawa Language Community.

Degree: MA, Teaching English as a Second Language, 2012, Portland State University

Throughout the world, languages are becoming extinct at an alarming rate. Perhaps half of the 6,000-7,000 languages worldwide will go extinct in the next 50-100 years. One of these dying languages, Chinook Jargon or Chinuk Wawa, a language found in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, is in the process of being revitalized through the concerted efforts of the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde (CTGR). Reasons to revitalize endangered languages often seem irrelevant to our modern daily lives, and revitalizing these languages is a difficult process requiring much dedication, commitment, and persistence. In light of this significant struggle, understanding people's motivations could contribute to a better understanding of how to involve more people in language revitalization. Ideally, such an understanding would contribute to strengthening a community's efforts to revitalize their language. This exploratory, ethnographic case study explores the motivations of eight participants in the Portland Chinuk Wawa language community involved in revitalizing Chinuk Wawa over a nine-month period in 2011. The results of the study showed that seven major themes of motivation were prevalent for the participants: connections made through Chinuk Wawa, preservation of Chinuk Wawa, relationships, instrumental motivation, affective motivation, identity motivation, and demotivation. Advisors/Committee Members: Nariyo Kono.

Subjects/Keywords: Chinook Jargon; Chinuk Wawa; Endangered languages; Chinook jargon  – Revival  – Case studies; Endangered languages  – Pacific Northwest  – Case studies; Language revival  – Psychological aspects  – Case studies; Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education; Indigenous Studies; International and Intercultural Communication

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APA (6th Edition):

Pecore, A. E. (2012). Motivation in the Portland Chinuk Wawa Language Community. (Masters Thesis). Portland State University. Retrieved from https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/open_access_etds/806

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Pecore, Abigail Elaina. “Motivation in the Portland Chinuk Wawa Language Community.” 2012. Masters Thesis, Portland State University. Accessed December 12, 2019. https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/open_access_etds/806.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Pecore, Abigail Elaina. “Motivation in the Portland Chinuk Wawa Language Community.” 2012. Web. 12 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Pecore AE. Motivation in the Portland Chinuk Wawa Language Community. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Portland State University; 2012. [cited 2019 Dec 12]. Available from: https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/open_access_etds/806.

Council of Science Editors:

Pecore AE. Motivation in the Portland Chinuk Wawa Language Community. [Masters Thesis]. Portland State University; 2012. Available from: https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/open_access_etds/806

3. Robertson, David Douglas. Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins.

Degree: Dept. of Linguistics, 2012, University of Victoria

This dissertation presents the first full grammatical description of unprompted (spontaneous) speech in pidgin Chinook Jargon [synonyms Chinúk Wawa, Chinook]. The data come from a dialect I term ‘Kamloops Chinúk Wawa’, used in southern interior British Columbia circa 1900. I also present the first historical study and structural analysis of the shorthand-based ‘Chinuk pipa’ alphabet in which Kamloops Chinúk Wawa was written, primarily by Salish people. This study is made possible by the discovery of several hundred such texts, which I have transliterated and analyzed. The Basic Linguistic Theory-inspired (cf. Dixon 2010a,b) framework used here interprets Kamloops Chinúk Wawa as surprisingly ramified in morphological and syntactic structure, a finding in line with recent studies reexamining the status of pidgins by Bakker (e.g. 2003a,b, forthcoming) among others. Among the major findings: an unusually successful pidgin literacy including a widely circulated newspaper Kamloops Wawa, and language planning by the missionary J.M.R. Le Jeune, O.M.I. He planned both for the use of Kamloops Chinúk Wawa and this alphabet, and for their replacement by English. Additional sociolinguistic factors determining how Chinuk pipa was written included Salish preferences for learning to write by whole-word units (rather than letter by letter), and toward informal intra-community teaching of this first group literacy. In addition to compounding and conversion of lexical roots, Kamloops Chinúk Wawa morphology exploited three types of preposed grammatical morphemes—affixes, clitics, and particles. Virtually all are homonymous with and grammaticalized from demonstrably lexical morphs. Newly identified categories include ‘out-of-control’ transitivity marking and discourse markers including ‘admirative’ and ‘inferred’. Contrary to previous claims about Chinook Jargon (cf. Vrzic 1999), no overt passive voice exists in Kamloops Chinúk Wawa (nor probably in pan-Chinook Jargon), but a previously unknown ‘passivization strategy’ of implied agent demotion is brought to light. A realis-irrealis modality distinction is reflected at several scopal levels: phrase, clause and sentence. Functional differences are observed between irrealis clauses before and after main clauses. Polar questions are restricted to subordinate clauses, while alternative questions are formed by simple juxtaposition of irrealis clauses. Main-clause interrogatives are limited to content-question forms, optionally with irrealis marking. Positive imperatives are normally signaled by a mood particle on a realis clause, negative ones by a negative particle. Aspect is marked in a three-part ingressive-imperfective-completive system, with a marginal fourth ‘conative’. One negative operator has characteristically clausal, and another phrasal, scope. One copula is newly attested. Degree marking is largely confined to ‘predicative’ adjectives (copula complements). Several novel features of pronoun usage possibly reflect Salish L1 grammatical habits: a consistent animacy… Advisors/Committee Members: Czaykowska-Higgins, Ewa (supervisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Aboriginal languages; Basic Linguistic Theory; BC languages; Chinook Jargon; Chinuk pipa; Canadian languages; Chinuk Wawa; Creolistics; Duployan shorthand; Descriptive linguistics; Documentary linguistics; Endangered languages; First Nations languages; Historical linguistics; Indigenous languages; Kamloops Chinuk Wawa; Kamloops Wawa; Language contact; Le Jeune, J.M.R.; Language revitalization; Lillooet Indians; Literacy; Missionary linguistics; Northwest languages; Okanagan Indians; Pidgin and creole linguistics; Pidgin languages; Pacific Northwest languages; Salish languages; Shorthand; Shuswap Indians; Thompson Indians; Writing systems

…Indigenous writer 32 Chinuk pipa margin note in Kamloops Wawa newspaper 33 Chinuk pipa… …singular Kamloops Chinúk Wawa, Chinuk pipa and the vitality of pidgins David D. Robertson… …my own work; in §1.2, on my twin subjects, Kamloops Chinúk Wawa and Chinuk pipa, the study… …a phonologically well-documented dialect, see Zenk and Johnson 2003, CTGR Chinuk Wawa… …Observations on the Chinuk pipa writing system … 6.1.2 Morphological observations… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Robertson, D. D. (2012). Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins. (Thesis). University of Victoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Robertson, David Douglas. “Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins.” 2012. Thesis, University of Victoria. Accessed December 12, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Robertson, David Douglas. “Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins.” 2012. Web. 12 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Robertson DD. Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2012. [cited 2019 Dec 12]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Robertson DD. Kamloops Chinuk Wawa, Chinuk pipa, and the vitality of pidgins. [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/3840

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.