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University of Saskatchewan

1. Pajuelo, Eli Fortunato. An improved least squares voltage phasor estimation technique to minimize the Impact of CCVT transients in protective relaying.

Degree: 2006, University of Saskatchewan

Power systems are protected by numerical relays that detect and isolate faults that may occur on power systems. The correct operation of the relay is very important to maintain the security of the power system. Numerical relays that use voltage measurements from the power system provided by coupling capacitor voltage transformers (CCVT) have sometimes difficulty in correctly identifying a fault in the protected area. The fundamental frequency voltage phasor resulting from these CCVT measurements may result in a deviation from the true value and therefore may locate this phasor temporarily in the incorrect operating region. This phasor deviation is due to the CCVT behavior and the CCVT introduces spurious decaying and oscillating transient signal components on top of the original voltage received from the power system in response to sudden voltage changes produced during faults. Most of the existing methods for estimating the voltage phasor do not take advantage of the knowledge of the CCVT behavior that can be obtained from its design parameters.A new least squares error method for phasor estimation is presented in this thesis, which improves the accuracy and speed of convergence of the phasors obtained, using the knowledge of the CCVT behavior. The characteristics of the transient signal components introduced by the CCVT, such as frequencies and time constants of decay, are included in the description of the curve to be fitted, which is required in a least squares fitting technique. Parameters such as window size and sampling rate for optimum results are discussed.The method proposed is evaluated using typical power systems, with results that can be compared to the response if an ideal potential transformer (PT) were used instead of a CCVT. The limitations of this method are found in some specific power system scenarios, where the natural frequencies of the power system are close to that of the CCVT, but with longer time constants. The accuracy with which the CCVT parameters are known is also assessed, with results that show little impact compared to the improvements achievable. Advisors/Committee Members: Sachdev, Mohinder S., Gokaraju, Ramakrishna, Karki, Rajesh, Dinh, Anh van, Chen, X. B. (Daniel), Teng, Hsiang-Yung (Daniel).

Subjects/Keywords: CCVT Transient Response; CCVT; Coupling Capacitor Voltage Transformer; Least Squares Method; Phasor Estimation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Pajuelo, E. F. (2006). An improved least squares voltage phasor estimation technique to minimize the Impact of CCVT transients in protective relaying. (Thesis). University of Saskatchewan. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10388/etd-09212006-113900

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Pajuelo, Eli Fortunato. “An improved least squares voltage phasor estimation technique to minimize the Impact of CCVT transients in protective relaying.” 2006. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan. Accessed November 15, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10388/etd-09212006-113900.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Pajuelo, Eli Fortunato. “An improved least squares voltage phasor estimation technique to minimize the Impact of CCVT transients in protective relaying.” 2006. Web. 15 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Pajuelo EF. An improved least squares voltage phasor estimation technique to minimize the Impact of CCVT transients in protective relaying. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Saskatchewan; 2006. [cited 2019 Nov 15]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10388/etd-09212006-113900.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Pajuelo EF. An improved least squares voltage phasor estimation technique to minimize the Impact of CCVT transients in protective relaying. [Thesis]. University of Saskatchewan; 2006. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10388/etd-09212006-113900

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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