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You searched for subject:(Burned rock middens). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Texas State University – San Marcos

1. Koenig, Charles W. Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.

Degree: MA, Anthropology, 2012, Texas State University – San Marcos

Burned rock middens (BRMs) are one of the most common archaeological features encountered in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of southwest Texas and Coahuila, Mexico. BRMs form from the repeated use of a single location for constructing earth ovens. Based in part upon interpretations of BRM accumulations, two models of Archaic settlement patterns have been hypothesized for the Lower Pecos: the semi-sedentary rockshelter and canyon collectors model and the nomadic foragers model. However, these two settlement pattern models have never been tested using site survey data. In order to test these two competing settlement pattern models, a new area within the Lower Pecos was surveyed: Dead Man’s Creek (a tributary to the Devils River). Observations regarding BRM site location data along Dead Man’s Creek (DMC) indicate that there could be a connection between BRM site location and the availability of naturally occurring sediment. Through the use of GIS, site frequency and density was analyzed using Buffer analysis to determine site patterns in relation to the Devils River. The patterns observed within the DMC data were then compared to three additional datasets: the Lower Pecos regional site data, site data from Seminole Canyon State Park and Historic Site, and site data from Devils River State Natural Area – North Unit (DRSNA-NU). The DMC data could only be compared to the Seminole Canyon and DRSNA-NU data because the regional data are too biased towards the main river canyons. Patterns within the frequency and density data for DMC, Seminole, and DRNSA-NU indicate that more earth oven cooking was occurring as distance away from the major rivers increased. This pattern of increased earth oven cooking away from the major river canyons conflicts with the canyon collector settlement pattern model, but there is too little site data to fully evaluate either the canyon collector or the nomadic forager models of Lower Pecos settlement pattern models. Further, the site data for the Lower Pecos is heavily biased in two ways, both of which impact settlement pattern modeling. First, nearly all of the surveys have occurred along the major river canyons. Second, there is a recording bias towards recent sites found on the surface. Based on the analysis of the limited geoarchaeological investigations, there is the potential for buried archaeology in the three main topographic settings in the region (uplands, rockshelters, and canyon bottoms). Further, due to geomorphic processes the most common sites present on the surface date to the last 3,000 RCYBP. These two biases have severely impacted previous settlement pattern hypotheses, and until we collect additional site data from areas greater than 7 kilometers from the major rivers and conduct extensive geoarchaeological investigations, settlement pattern models will remain biased. Only through multi-disciplinary, systematic studies can data be objectively collected to test previous hypotheses and build new, better-grounded settlement pattern models for the Lower Pecos Canyonlands. Advisors/Committee Members: Black, Stephen L. (advisor), Bousman, C. Britt (committee member), Boyd, Carolyn E. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Archaeology; Burned rock middens; Earth ovens; Settlement patterns; GIS; Kitchen-middens – Texas; Land settlement patterns; Excavations (Archaeology) – Texas; Pecos River (N.M. and Tex.)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Koenig, C. W. (2012). Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. (Masters Thesis). Texas State University – San Marcos. Retrieved from https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Koenig, Charles W. “Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.” 2012. Masters Thesis, Texas State University – San Marcos. Accessed October 13, 2019. https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Koenig, Charles W. “Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.” 2012. Web. 13 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Koenig CW. Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2012. [cited 2019 Oct 13]. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411.

Council of Science Editors:

Koenig CW. Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. [Masters Thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2012. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411

2. Koenig, Charles. Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.

Degree:

Subjects/Keywords: Archaeology; Burned rock middens; Earth ovens; Settlement patterns; GIS; Kitchen-middens – Texas; Land settlement patterns; Excavations (Archaeology) – Texas; Pecos River (N.M. and Tex.)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Koenig, C. (n.d.). Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. (Thesis). [No school.] Retrieved from https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
No year of publication.
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation
No school.

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Koenig, Charles. “Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.” Thesis, [No school]. Accessed October 13, 2019. https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
No year of publication.
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation
No school.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Koenig, Charles. “Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.” Web. 13 Oct 2019.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
No year of publication.

Vancouver:

Koenig C. Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. [Internet] [Thesis]. [No school]; [cited 2019 Oct 13]. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation
No school.
No year of publication.

Council of Science Editors:

Koenig C. Burned Rock Middens, Settlement Patterns, and Bias in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. [Thesis]. [No school]; Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/4411

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation
No school.
No year of publication.


Texas State University – San Marcos

3. Knapp, Ashleigh J. Little Sotol Unearthed: the Excavation of a Long-Term Earth Oven Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.

Degree: MA, Anthropology, 2015, Texas State University – San Marcos

The Little Sotol Site (41VV2037) is a long-term earth oven facility used to bake desert succulents in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. The site consists of a twometer deep burned rock midden on a slowly aggrading terrace in front of two lowhanging caves within a small tributary canyon to Dead Man’s Creek, a tributary of the Devils River. Macrobotanical remains of lechuguilla and sotol, prickly pear microfossils, heating elements of earth ovens, and plant processing tools were identified in burned rock midden and cave components. Radiocarbon assays range from approximately 5000 B.C. to A.D. 1200, spanning a considerable length of time from the end of the Early Archaic to Late Prehistoric period. The 6000-year record of burned rock discard preserved at the Little Sotol site allows for the examination of change in earth oven construction and use over time. It is argued that the higher degree of fracture in burned rock relates to the increased intensity of plant processing in earth ovens. Methods of burned rock quantification show evidence of landuse intensification through the increasing reuse of burned rocks through time, especially into the Late Archaic and Late Prehistoric periods. The Little Sotol site demonstrates the dynamic relationship between past populations and the landscape, and the changing role of earth ovens at a single location – an earth oven facility. Advisors/Committee Members: Black, Stephen L. (advisor), Bousman, C. Britt (committee member), Dering, J. Phil (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Little Sotol; Burned rock midden; Earth oven; Archaic; Late Prehistoric; Landuse intensification; Archaeology; Kitchen-middens – Texas; Excavations (Archaeology) – Pecos River Valley (N.M. and Tex.); Pecos River Valley (N.M. and Tex.) – Antiquities

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Knapp, A. J. (2015). Little Sotol Unearthed: the Excavation of a Long-Term Earth Oven Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. (Masters Thesis). Texas State University – San Marcos. Retrieved from https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/5901

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Knapp, Ashleigh J. “Little Sotol Unearthed: the Excavation of a Long-Term Earth Oven Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.” 2015. Masters Thesis, Texas State University – San Marcos. Accessed October 13, 2019. https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/5901.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Knapp, Ashleigh J. “Little Sotol Unearthed: the Excavation of a Long-Term Earth Oven Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas.” 2015. Web. 13 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Knapp AJ. Little Sotol Unearthed: the Excavation of a Long-Term Earth Oven Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2015. [cited 2019 Oct 13]. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/5901.

Council of Science Editors:

Knapp AJ. Little Sotol Unearthed: the Excavation of a Long-Term Earth Oven Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas. [Masters Thesis]. Texas State University – San Marcos; 2015. Available from: https://digital.library.txstate.edu/handle/10877/5901

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