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Bowling Green State University

1. De Pozzio, Carla Mariesol. El TLCAN: y su representación en el femicidio de Ciudad Juárez.

Degree: MA, Spanish, 2010, Bowling Green State University

This thesis investigates the representation of NAFTA in two documentaries and two films about violence against women in Ciudad Juárez. Chapter I outlines Mexico's adoption of neoliberal economic policies that culminated in NAFTA, and then specifies individual clauses in the NAFTA text that illustrates the promises and expectations that accompanied the signing of the free trade agreement. These clauses are: Chapter 7 on Agriculture, Chapter 11 on Inversion, and the additional agreements on labor and the environment. The main analysis then, evaluates two documentaries and two Hollywood-type feature movies. Chapter II analyzes Lourdes Portillo's Señorita extraviada (2001), and Steev Hise's On the Edge: Femicide in Ciudad Juárez (2006). Señorita extraviada, was selected because it was the first documentary that brought to light and investigated the problem of the women's murders in Ciudad Juárez, trying to identify the real culprits. On the Edge, was chosen because director Hise's main focus was to evaluate all the different components that originated and exacerbated the problem of the femicide in Ciudad Juárez. Both documentaries represent NAFTA as an explicit or implicit factor that is associated with the femicide murders. Chapter III analyzes Bordertown (2006) from director Gregory Nava starring Jennifer López, and El traspatio/Backyard (2009) from director Carlos Carrera staring Ana de la Reguera. Bordertown is an American production, while El traspatio is a Mexican production. Both films portray women going to Ciudad Juárez, either to help solve the problems of the femicide, or to work in maquilas where they become victims of violence. They both implicate the implementation of NAFTA as having a profound impact on the Mexican agricultural sector, causing job losses, massive rural migration, particularly of women, to the border mainly to Ciudad Juárez. They also associate the work in the maquiladoras, which is implicitly related to NAFTA, as causing social changes including traditional gender role inversion, and gender antagonism because of the maquilas' preference of hiring female workers. This analysis thus focuses on how NAFTA is represented as generating political, economic and cultural conditions in which the maquila workers are prone to attacks and violence that ultimately led to femicide. Advisors/Committee Members: Robinson, Amy (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Economic Theory; Gender; Labor Economics; Latin American History; Latin American Literature; Motion Pictures; Womens Studies; Se&241; orita extraviada; On the Edge: Femicide in Ciudad Ju&225; rez; Backyard/El traspatio; Bordertown; TLCAN; femicidio; feminicidio; maquila; maquiladoras; productos agr&237; colas, agricultural products; inversiones; globalizaci&243; n

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

De Pozzio, C. M. (2010). El TLCAN: y su representación en el femicidio de Ciudad Juárez. (Masters Thesis). Bowling Green State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1278010385

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

De Pozzio, Carla Mariesol. “El TLCAN: y su representación en el femicidio de Ciudad Juárez.” 2010. Masters Thesis, Bowling Green State University. Accessed October 21, 2020. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1278010385.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

De Pozzio, Carla Mariesol. “El TLCAN: y su representación en el femicidio de Ciudad Juárez.” 2010. Web. 21 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

De Pozzio CM. El TLCAN: y su representación en el femicidio de Ciudad Juárez. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Bowling Green State University; 2010. [cited 2020 Oct 21]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1278010385.

Council of Science Editors:

De Pozzio CM. El TLCAN: y su representación en el femicidio de Ciudad Juárez. [Masters Thesis]. Bowling Green State University; 2010. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1278010385

2. Castro Villarreal, Mario Nicolas. Fictionalizing Juárez : feminicide, violence, and myth-making in the borderlands.

Degree: MA, Mexican American Studies, 2014, University of Texas – Austin

In the early 1990s, a series of gruesome murders of young women in Ciudad Juárez, a city located in the U.S.-Mexico border, shook the political landscape of Mexico. A decade later, the strange and violent murders, known as the feminicides or feminicidios of Juárez, reached international infamy across hemispheres and continents. During this time, the city and the cases became the subjects of an extensive body of scholarship and of any imaginable artistic medium (narrative, poetry, theater, performance, music, and so on). Eventually, the complexity and overexposure of the cases and the sociopolitical conditions of Ciudad Juárez placed them at the center of a paradoxical debate: on one hand, the work of activists, feminists, and scholars of social sciences (like anthropologists and sociologists) studied the murders as a localized example of a larger phenomenon of mysoginistic violence; on the other, journalistic and media investigations of Juárez understood the murders as the products of specific agents (serial killers, murderers, drug cartels, amongst others) and the fractures within the Mexican Nation-State. And yet, despite the expansion and overlapping of these discourses, fictional representations of Juárez remained tangential to this intricate debate. Thus, this research explores the different ways in which writers, artists, and filmmakers deployed and negotiated existent perspectives on the feminicides within fictional environments. As a result of the vast amount of published work available on Ciudad Juárez, I narrowed the objects of my research through a transnational scope. The resulting sample of texts transverses borders (Mexico and the U.S.), continents (Latin America and Europe), genres (fiction and nonfiction), and mediums (literature and film). The first chapter explores the connections of Sergio González Rodríguez’s Huesos en el desierto and Roberto Bolaño’s 2666 through the theoretical framework of the possible worlds of fiction. The second chapter moves to issues of representation, gender, and race through the analysis of two novels written by Chicana scholars: Alicia Gaspar de Alba’s Desert Blood: The Juárez Murders and Stella Pope Duarte’s If I Die in Juárez. Finally, the third chapter focuses on film representations of Juárez and the feminicides in the form of Gregory Nava’s Bordertown and Carlos Carrera’s Backyard/El Traspatio. Advisors/Committee Members: Guidotti-Hernández, Nicole Marie (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Ciudad Juárez; Borderlands; Feminicides; U.S.-Mexico border; Roberto Bolaño; 2666; Sergio Gonzalez Rodriguez; Huesos en el desierto; Alicia Gaspar de Alba; Desert blood: the Juarez murders; Stella Pope Duarte; If I die in Juarez; Carlos Carrera; Backyard/El Traspatio; Bordertown; Jennifer Lopez; Gregory Nava; Latin American literature; Mexican journalism; Chicana literature; Literary criticism; Film studies; Feminism; Gender theory; Border theory

…form of Gregory Nava’s Bordertown and Carlos Carrera’s Backyard/El Traspatio. Keywords… …Mexican Detectives and Chicana Journalists: Film Representations of Juárez .....93 Bordertown… …occurred in that bordertown in the early 1990s, Lagarde (2010) asserted that… …in the form of Gregory Nava’s Bordertown (2006) and Carlos Carrera’s Backyard/El… …Jennifer López as the lead in Bordertown, the politico-visual critique that the film creates… 

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Castro Villarreal, M. N. (2014). Fictionalizing Juárez : feminicide, violence, and myth-making in the borderlands. (Masters Thesis). University of Texas – Austin. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2152/26391

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Castro Villarreal, Mario Nicolas. “Fictionalizing Juárez : feminicide, violence, and myth-making in the borderlands.” 2014. Masters Thesis, University of Texas – Austin. Accessed October 21, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/26391.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Castro Villarreal, Mario Nicolas. “Fictionalizing Juárez : feminicide, violence, and myth-making in the borderlands.” 2014. Web. 21 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Castro Villarreal MN. Fictionalizing Juárez : feminicide, violence, and myth-making in the borderlands. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Texas – Austin; 2014. [cited 2020 Oct 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/26391.

Council of Science Editors:

Castro Villarreal MN. Fictionalizing Juárez : feminicide, violence, and myth-making in the borderlands. [Masters Thesis]. University of Texas – Austin; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2152/26391

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