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You searched for subject:(Birth order Taiwan). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Michigan State University

1. Hsu, Hsiu-Fen. Essays on labor and demographic economics.

Degree: 2015, Michigan State University

Thesis Ph. D. Michigan State University. Economics 2015

This dissertation contains three self-contained chapters. The first chapter documents several changes that occurred in wage distribution in Taiwan between 1978 and 2012. For men, wage inequality narrowed initially, but then started widening. The declining wage inequality occurred evenly across the entire male wage distribution before the 1990s, when the economy was growing rapidly. Since the early 1990s, wage inequality among male workers has been rising, and the growth in inequality has been mainly due to expansion in upper-tail inequality. Around the same time, an increase in the college wage premium for male workers is also observed. Using a hybrid DFL reweighting approach, this study decomposes the changes in wage inequality into three main components: changes in the skill composition of the workforce, returns to skill, and residuals. The results show that for male workers, increases in returns to skill that arise from shifts in demand for skill play an important role in explaining the rising upper-tail wage inequality in the 1990s. By contrast, for female workers, changes in the skill composition of the workforce play an important role in explaining rising upper-tail inequality before the 1990s. The second chapter investigates how children's educational attainment varies by birth order. In the literature, high-income and middle- and low-income countries have been shown to have opposite educational outcomes with regard to birth order. Studies using data from high-income countries usually find that later-born children have an educational disadvantage; in contrast, studies using data from middle- and low-income countries find that later-born children have an educational advantage over earlier-born children. This study, however, finds that birth order-educational attainment patterns in high-income countries and Taiwan share some similarities: in smaller Taiwanese families, both later-born boys and girls have an educational disadvantage compared with their older siblings, a pattern typically found in high-income countries. This birth order pattern in smaller families also contradicts previous findings that later-born children receive more education in Taiwan. The final chapter explores wage behavior over business cycles in Taiwan. The results show that real wages during the Great Recession are procyclical, whereas real wages in the recession of the early 2000s are somewhat acyclical. The finding that real wages are more procyclical in the Great Recession than in the recession of the early 2000s is consistent with that in the U.K. The analysis also finds that the responses of real wages to cyclical fluctuations in the 2000s are similar among gender, education, and age groups.

Decomposing changes in the wage distribution in Taiwan  – Birth order and educational attainment : evidence from Taiwan  – Wage adjustment over the business cycle : evidence from Taiwan.

Description based on online resource;

Advisors/Committee Members: Solon, Gary, Haider, Steven, Elder, Todd, Chudgar, Amita.

Subjects/Keywords: Wages – Taiwan; Business cycles – Taiwan; Birth order – Taiwan; Economics, Labor

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hsu, H. (2015). Essays on labor and demographic economics. (Thesis). Michigan State University. Retrieved from http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:3193

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hsu, Hsiu-Fen. “Essays on labor and demographic economics.” 2015. Thesis, Michigan State University. Accessed December 15, 2019. http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:3193.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hsu, Hsiu-Fen. “Essays on labor and demographic economics.” 2015. Web. 15 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Hsu H. Essays on labor and demographic economics. [Internet] [Thesis]. Michigan State University; 2015. [cited 2019 Dec 15]. Available from: http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:3193.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hsu H. Essays on labor and demographic economics. [Thesis]. Michigan State University; 2015. Available from: http://etd.lib.msu.edu/islandora/object/etd:3193

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

2. Wen, Fangqi. The later the less? : a sibling analysis of birth order effect on educational attainment in Taiwan.

Degree: 2012, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Previous studies in Western developed societies suggest that the higher one’s birth order is, the less education he or she receives, which lends support to the family resource dilution theory. However, in many East Asian societies, it has been reported repeatedly that the ordinal position of birth is positively correlated with educational attainment. The discrepancy between empirical findings in the West and in the East can probably be due to two reasons: (1) Intrahousehold resource transfer from older children, especially older daughters, to younger children, that is, inter-sibling resource transfer, often happens within East Asian families; and/or (2) Previous studies conducted in East Asian societies fail to consider and resolve the serious endogeneity problem that has plagued all works. By overcoming both theoretical and statistical limitations, this study reexamines the effect of birth order on educational attainment in the context of Taiwan. Results from the sibling fixed effects model demonstrate unequivocally that after inter-sibling resource transfer has been properly controlled, the effect of birth order on educational achievement has become significantly negative. This lends strong support that both parent-child resource transfer and inter-sibling resource transfer play independent roles in determining individual educational attainment. Furthermore, the study also finds that the birth order effect is heterogeneous among different social groups and birth cohorts.

Subjects/Keywords: Educational attainment; Taiwan; Birth order; Education

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Wen, F. (2012). The later the less? : a sibling analysis of birth order effect on educational attainment in Taiwan. (Thesis). Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.14711/thesis-b1190530 ; http://repository.ust.hk/ir/bitstream/1783.1-62469/1/th_redirect.html

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wen, Fangqi. “The later the less? : a sibling analysis of birth order effect on educational attainment in Taiwan.” 2012. Thesis, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Accessed December 15, 2019. https://doi.org/10.14711/thesis-b1190530 ; http://repository.ust.hk/ir/bitstream/1783.1-62469/1/th_redirect.html.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wen, Fangqi. “The later the less? : a sibling analysis of birth order effect on educational attainment in Taiwan.” 2012. Web. 15 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Wen F. The later the less? : a sibling analysis of birth order effect on educational attainment in Taiwan. [Internet] [Thesis]. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology; 2012. [cited 2019 Dec 15]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14711/thesis-b1190530 ; http://repository.ust.hk/ir/bitstream/1783.1-62469/1/th_redirect.html.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Wen F. The later the less? : a sibling analysis of birth order effect on educational attainment in Taiwan. [Thesis]. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology; 2012. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14711/thesis-b1190530 ; http://repository.ust.hk/ir/bitstream/1783.1-62469/1/th_redirect.html

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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