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Leiden University

1. Suryani, A.J. From respected hermits to ordinary citizens: The conversion of the Baduy, ethnicity, and politics of religion in Indonesia (1977 - 2019).

Degree: 2021, Leiden University

<table><tbody><tr><td> This dissertation is about the Baduy, an adat community in Banten Province, Indonesia. It argues that the conversion of the Baduy was influenced by their self-concept, which requires them to detach from modernity and development, the limited size of their land, and the increase of the population. This process of conversion was supported by the politics of religion, which differentiates local beliefs (kepercayaan) from state-recognised religions (agama) where adhering to a local belief was considered irreligious (tidak/ belum beragama) and backward. To make the adherents of local beliefs religious, the government allows followers of major religions to invite the adherents of local beliefs into their faith. Furthermore, to develop the adherents of local beliefs, the government created development policies, in particular a resettlement programme. The programme aimed at Baduy society began in 1977 and lasted until 1999. Besides developing the adat communities, this programme was also aimed at changing their beliefs so that they aligned themselves with “monotheistic views”. The fact that Muslim and Christian missionaries were targeting the same group of people caused tension, contestation, and even violence. Confronted with this situation, the adherents of local beliefs fought back and resisted the policies in various ways. </td></tr></tbody></table> Advisors/Committee Members: Kaptein, N.J.G., Persoon, G.A., Barendregt, B.A., Bedner, A.W., Berg, G.R. van der, Buskens, L.P.H.M., Leiden University.

Subjects/Keywords: Baduy; Adat/ indigenous communities; Sunda Wiwitan; Banten; Development; Modernity; Resettlement programme; Islamic missionary/da'wa activities; Christian missionary activities; state’s recognition

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Suryani, A. J. (2021). From respected hermits to ordinary citizens: The conversion of the Baduy, ethnicity, and politics of religion in Indonesia (1977 - 2019). (Doctoral Dissertation). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134744

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Suryani, A J. “From respected hermits to ordinary citizens: The conversion of the Baduy, ethnicity, and politics of religion in Indonesia (1977 - 2019).” 2021. Doctoral Dissertation, Leiden University. Accessed April 17, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134744.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Suryani, A J. “From respected hermits to ordinary citizens: The conversion of the Baduy, ethnicity, and politics of religion in Indonesia (1977 - 2019).” 2021. Web. 17 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Suryani AJ. From respected hermits to ordinary citizens: The conversion of the Baduy, ethnicity, and politics of religion in Indonesia (1977 - 2019). [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Leiden University; 2021. [cited 2021 Apr 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134744.

Council of Science Editors:

Suryani AJ. From respected hermits to ordinary citizens: The conversion of the Baduy, ethnicity, and politics of religion in Indonesia (1977 - 2019). [Doctoral Dissertation]. Leiden University; 2021. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/3134744

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