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You searched for subject:(Aum Shinrikyo). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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1. Boccardi, Andrea. Victimhood in the aftermath of Aum Japan: a social group creation through NPO's activities.

Degree: 2018, Leiden University

This thesis will examine the ways in which the concept of victimhood is produced by victims’ groups connected with the Aum affair and how it was received by Japanese media in terms of a renovated mutual understanding between victims and journalists, which resulted in an improvement of the victims’ treatment on information channels. The research takes into consideration the experience of three support groups (Chikatetsu Sarin Jiken Higaisha no Kai, Kanariya no Kai and RSC) that will be used as case studies to analyze the evolution and the impact they had both on victims’ lives and information media. It aims to investigate the role of NPOs and victims’ group activities in influencing public opinion regarding victims’ redressing issues. Furthermore, it intends to explore victims’ struggle against the proliferation of New Religious Movements derived from the disbanding of Aum Shinrikyō and constituted mainly by its former members, such as Hikari no Wa 光の環 and Aleph アレフ, which are suspected of harboring the same doctrines that led Aum to be a danger for Japanese society. In doing so, victims used memory, both individual and collective, as a tool to make their case and highlight their instances even when the attention towards the Aum affair declined in Japanese media. Memorial constructions regarding the incidents, commemorative events, documentaries and victims’ groups’ activities accounts established a legacy that goes beyond the individual experience as a victim or a perpetrator, rather producing a collective instance of victimhood. Advisors/Committee Members: Van der Veere, H (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Japan Society; Victimhood; New Religious Movement; Aum Shinrikyo; NPO; victim

…Coincidentally with the series of violent attacks perpetrated by Aum Shinrikyō, 1990s became a decade… …audiences and gain leverage with the State institutions.26 In the case of the Aum affair… …and the perceived organizational legitimacy of the victim group”.27 As for the Aum case… …credibility, salience and the purposes of Aum Shinrikyō victims’ groups. Thus, whereas in other… …the victims’ groups related to the Aum affair, although their claims were mostly directed to… 

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APA (6th Edition):

Boccardi, A. (2018). Victimhood in the aftermath of Aum Japan: a social group creation through NPO's activities. (Masters Thesis). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63688

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Boccardi, Andrea. “Victimhood in the aftermath of Aum Japan: a social group creation through NPO's activities.” 2018. Masters Thesis, Leiden University. Accessed March 05, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63688.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Boccardi, Andrea. “Victimhood in the aftermath of Aum Japan: a social group creation through NPO's activities.” 2018. Web. 05 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Boccardi A. Victimhood in the aftermath of Aum Japan: a social group creation through NPO's activities. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. [cited 2021 Mar 05]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63688.

Council of Science Editors:

Boccardi A. Victimhood in the aftermath of Aum Japan: a social group creation through NPO's activities. [Masters Thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63688


University of Cambridge

2. Ushiyama, Rin. Memory struggles: Narrating and commemorating the Aum Affair in contemporary Japan, 1994-2015.

Degree: PhD, 2017, University of Cambridge

This dissertation investigates how different stakeholders have competed over the interpretation and commemoration of the Aum Affair. The Aum Affair was a series of crimes committed by new religious movement Aum Shinrikyō between 1988 and 1995, which culminated in the gassing of the Tokyo subway system using sarin in March 1995. The Tokyo attack was the largest act of terrorism in post-war Japan. I combine qualitative methods of media analysis, interviews, and participant observation to analyse how different stakeholders have narrated and commemorated the Aum Affair. I propose ‘collective trauma’ as a revised theory of ‘cultural trauma’ to describe an event which is represented as harmful and indelible to collective memory and identity. In contrast to ‘cultural trauma’, which stresses the importance of symbolic representations of traumatic events, ‘collective trauma’ considers other ‘material’ processes – such as establishing facts, collective action, state responses, and litigation – which also contribute to trauma construction. My overarching argument is that various stakeholders – including state authorities, mass media, public intellectuals, victims, and former Aum believers – have constructed the Aum Affair as a collective trauma in multiple and conflicting ways. Many media representations situated Aum as an evil ‘cult’ which ‘brainwashed’ believers and intended to take over Japan through terror. State authorities also responded by treating Aum as a dangerous terrorist group. In some instances, these binary representations of Japan locked in a struggle against an evil force led to municipal governments violating the civil rights of Aum believers. Some individuals such as public intellectuals and former believers have challenged this divisive view by treating Aum as a ‘religion’, not a ‘cult’, and locating the root causes of Aum’s growth in Japanese society. Additionally, victims and former members have pursued divergent goals such as retributive justice, financial reparations, and social reconciliation through their public actions. A key conclusion of this dissertation is that whilst confronting horrific acts of violence may require social construction of collective trauma using cultural codes of good and evil, the entrenchment of these symbolic categories can result in lasting social tension and division.

Subjects/Keywords: collective memory; aum shinrikyo; contemporary japan; japanese culture; sociology of religion; japanese religion; cultural trauma; cultural sociology; sociology of intellectuals; commemoration; Tokyo Sarin Incident; cultural studies; trauma theory; victimhood; public intellectuals; memorials

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ushiyama, R. (2017). Memory struggles: Narrating and commemorating the Aum Affair in contemporary Japan, 1994-2015. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Cambridge. Retrieved from https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267895

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ushiyama, Rin. “Memory struggles: Narrating and commemorating the Aum Affair in contemporary Japan, 1994-2015.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cambridge. Accessed March 05, 2021. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267895.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ushiyama, Rin. “Memory struggles: Narrating and commemorating the Aum Affair in contemporary Japan, 1994-2015.” 2017. Web. 05 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Ushiyama R. Memory struggles: Narrating and commemorating the Aum Affair in contemporary Japan, 1994-2015. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2017. [cited 2021 Mar 05]. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267895.

Council of Science Editors:

Ushiyama R. Memory struggles: Narrating and commemorating the Aum Affair in contemporary Japan, 1994-2015. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2017. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267895

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