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1. Béreau, Laurie. "Crisis in Education" : le débat sur l'éducation aux Etats-Unis après 1945 : 'Crisis in Education' : the debate on education in the United States after 1945.

Degree: Docteur es, Etudes anglophones, 2013, Université de Strasbourg

De nos jours, le motif de la « crise de l’éducation » est récurrent dans les discussions publiques sur le système éducatif, et ce des deux côtés de l’Atlantique. Aux Etats-Unis, c’est au lendemain de la seconde guerre mondiale qu’il prend une tournure nouvelle. Jusqu’alors on avait parlé de « crise » pour désigner les difficultés matérielles et financières du système, mais l’expression prend une autre signification après 1945, tandis que s’installe un débat entre les partisans de l’éducation moderne, modèle inspiré par les principes de l’éducation progressiste, et les défenseurs d’une éducation humaniste, qui dénoncent une dégradation des exigences intellectuelles et des résultats de l’enseignement public. Cette étude se propose de restituer les termes de ce débat et d’analyser ses répercussions sur les dynamiques du système éducatif américain. La confrontation entre deux philosophies de l’éducation ne se limite pas à la sphère des professionnels et on en retrouve les échos dans la presse de grande diffusion comme dans certains films hollywoodiens. Alors que les États-Unis font face à une crise de confiance après le lancement réussi du satellite Spoutnik, le gouvernement américain désigne le système éducatif comme maillon faible en s’appuyant sur les critiques formulées tout au long des années 1950 par les adversaires de l’éducation moderne. Le télescopage du débat sur l’éducation et des logiques de Guerre froide ouvre alors la voie à une intervention fédérale inédite dans le domaine de l’éducation, avec l’adoption du National Defense Education Act de 1958.

The “crisis in education” has been a recurrent theme in discussions about the American school system. In the United States, it was after WWII that the notion gained momentum and a new meaning. Until then, the term “crisis” had been merely used to evoke the dire material and financial state of education. The expression took another turn with the emergence of a debate between proponents of modern education (a model derived from the principles of progressive education) and partisans of liberal education who denounced an intellectual degradation in the school system. This dissertation analyzes this debate and its consequences on the dynamics of education in the United States. This strife between two conceptions of education is set apart by its significant influence and pervasion of society. Indeed, not only did it involve the circle of professional educators but it also touched lay men, so much so that it was integrated by popular culture. Confronted with a confidence crisis in the aftermath of the successful launch of satellite Sputnik, the U.S. government pinpointed the school system as the weak link of the American nation, taking advantage of the wave of criticisms against modern education that had dominated the 1950s. The combination of the debate on education with the logics of the Cold War paved the way for an unprecedented federal intervention in the field of education with the 1958 National Defense Education Act.

Advisors/Committee Members: Genton, Bernard (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Éducation progressiste; Éducation moderne; Pédagogie; Guerre froide; Spoutnik; National Defense Education Act; Arthur Bestor; John Dewey; Réforme éducative; Dwight Eisenhower; Progressive education; Modern education; Pedagogy; Cold War; Sputnik; National Defense Education Act; Arthur Bestor; John Dewey; Educational reform; Dwight Eisenhower; 379.73; 973.9

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Béreau, L. (2013). "Crisis in Education" : le débat sur l'éducation aux Etats-Unis après 1945 : 'Crisis in Education' : the debate on education in the United States after 1945. (Doctoral Dissertation). Université de Strasbourg. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2013STRAC016

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Béreau, Laurie. “"Crisis in Education" : le débat sur l'éducation aux Etats-Unis après 1945 : 'Crisis in Education' : the debate on education in the United States after 1945.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, Université de Strasbourg. Accessed July 19, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2013STRAC016.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Béreau, Laurie. “"Crisis in Education" : le débat sur l'éducation aux Etats-Unis après 1945 : 'Crisis in Education' : the debate on education in the United States after 1945.” 2013. Web. 19 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Béreau L. "Crisis in Education" : le débat sur l'éducation aux Etats-Unis après 1945 : 'Crisis in Education' : the debate on education in the United States after 1945. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Université de Strasbourg; 2013. [cited 2019 Jul 19]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2013STRAC016.

Council of Science Editors:

Béreau L. "Crisis in Education" : le débat sur l'éducation aux Etats-Unis après 1945 : 'Crisis in Education' : the debate on education in the United States after 1945. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Université de Strasbourg; 2013. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2013STRAC016


University of Oklahoma

2. Long, Adelbert H. A study of three contemporary educational critics.

Degree: Educat.D., 1967, University of Oklahoma

Subjects/Keywords: Education United States History 1945-; Education Philosophy.; Lynd, Albert.; Bestor, Arthur Eugene, 1908-1994.; Rickover, Hyman George.; Education, General.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Long, A. H. (1967). A study of three contemporary educational critics. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Oklahoma. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11244/2288

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Long, Adelbert H. “A study of three contemporary educational critics.” 1967. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Oklahoma. Accessed July 19, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/11244/2288.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Long, Adelbert H. “A study of three contemporary educational critics.” 1967. Web. 19 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Long AH. A study of three contemporary educational critics. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Oklahoma; 1967. [cited 2019 Jul 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11244/2288.

Council of Science Editors:

Long AH. A study of three contemporary educational critics. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Oklahoma; 1967. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11244/2288

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