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The Ohio State University

1. Harsh, Mary Anne. From muse to militant: Francophone women novelists and surrealist aesthetics.

Degree: PhD, French and Italian, 2008, The Ohio State University

In 1924, André Breton launched the Surrealist movement in France with his publication of Manifeste du surréalisme. He and his group of male disciples, prompted by the horrors of World War I, searched for fresh formulas for depicting the bizarre and inhumane events of the era and for reviving the arts in Europe, notably by experimenting with innovative practices which included probing the unconscious mind. Women, if they had a role, were viewed as muses or performed only ancillary responsibilities in the movement. Their participation was usually in the graphic arts rather than in literature. In later generations, francophone women writers began to develop Surrealist strategies for enacting their own subjectivity and promoting their political agendas. Aside from casual mention, no critic has formally investigated the surreal practices of this company of francophone women authors. I examine the literary production of seven women from three geographic regions in order to document the enduring capacity of surrealist practice to express human experience in the postcolonial and postmodern era. From the Maghreb I analyze La Grotte éclatée by Yamina Mechakra and L'amour, la fantasia by Assia Djebar, and from Lebanon, L'Excisée by Evelyne Accad. These novelists represent mental and physical trauma and fragmentation of male/female relationships in times of combat. Célanire, cou-coupé by Maryse Condé and Pluie et vent sur Télumée miracle by Simone Schwarz-Bart illustrate how Antillean literature reflects the oral traditions, supernatural beliefs and heterogeneous cultural inheritance of its peoples. Both Jovette Marchessault’s visionary novel, La mère des herbes, which draws upon her autotchonous heritage and lesbian orientation, and Anne Hébert’s Les Enfants du sabbat, sabotage the paternalistic domination of the English-speaking Canadian government and the Catholic Church which relegated women to the role of reproductive automatons. This dissertation charts the evolution of francophone women’s involvement with Surrealism from its inception, when they played only the passive, objective role of Muse, to the middle of the Twentieth Century when women writers became active militants for equal rights while expanding the definition of surreal practice. Advisors/Committee Members: Marx-Scouras, Danielle (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Andr&233; Breton; Surrealist movement; Surrealism; francophone women writers; Yamina Mechakra; La Grotte &233; clat&233; e; Assia Djebar; L'amour, la fantasia; Evelyne Accad; L'Excis&233; e; Combat trauma; Maryse Cond&233

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Harsh, M. A. (2008). From muse to militant: Francophone women novelists and surrealist aesthetics. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Ohio State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1199254932

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Harsh, Mary Anne. “From muse to militant: Francophone women novelists and surrealist aesthetics.” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, The Ohio State University. Accessed September 15, 2019. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1199254932.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Harsh, Mary Anne. “From muse to militant: Francophone women novelists and surrealist aesthetics.” 2008. Web. 15 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Harsh MA. From muse to militant: Francophone women novelists and surrealist aesthetics. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2008. [cited 2019 Sep 15]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1199254932.

Council of Science Editors:

Harsh MA. From muse to militant: Francophone women novelists and surrealist aesthetics. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2008. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1199254932


The Ohio State University

2. Mossige, Dag Drange. The Personalistic Movement-Party and the Dangers of Duality.

Degree: PhD, Political Science, 2009, The Ohio State University

This dissertation is a comparative study of personalistic movement-parties. Movement-parties are a particular type of parties that organizationally and ideologically straddle the line between political parties and social movements. While existing works have earlier identified movement-parties of the Green and Post-Industrial Extreme Right types, this dissertation identifies a third type of this party family, the Personalistic Movement-Party. Unlike other members of this party genus, personalistic movement-parties have in the Latin American context proven highly durable, and have remained in semi-institutionalized states for prolonged periods, despite attempts at party change. The failure of this party type to institutionalize is posited to be a product of a complementary logic: 1) The dominance of a leader who has contempt for the constraints of more traditional parties, and 2) a fundamentally different conception of the role of the political party and party institutionalization by a significant sector of the party elite, where a great divide exists on even the desirability and value of becoming a more traditional political organization. After identifying this construct and its significance, a range of theoretical propositions on party change are examined in the empirical chapters of the dissertation. Through the method of elite interviewing with 40 members of the PJ/FpV in Argentina, and 80 members of the PRD in Mexico, the characteristics and logics of the personalistic movement-party are examined in depth. The study arrives at the conclusion that personalistic movement-parties are not unitary actors, but remain in a profound and permanent tension between party builders and movement advocates with sharply diverging readings of the perceived political reality, and following diverging logics. Advisors/Committee Members: Gunther, Richard (Committee Chair).

Subjects/Keywords: Political Science; Partido Justicialista; Partido de la Revoluci&243; n Democr&225; tica; Personalistic Movement-Parties; N&233; stor Kirchner; Andr&233; s Manuel L&243; pez Obrador

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Mossige, D. D. (2009). The Personalistic Movement-Party and the Dangers of Duality. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Ohio State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1243891067

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mossige, Dag Drange. “The Personalistic Movement-Party and the Dangers of Duality.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, The Ohio State University. Accessed September 15, 2019. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1243891067.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mossige, Dag Drange. “The Personalistic Movement-Party and the Dangers of Duality.” 2009. Web. 15 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Mossige DD. The Personalistic Movement-Party and the Dangers of Duality. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2009. [cited 2019 Sep 15]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1243891067.

Council of Science Editors:

Mossige DD. The Personalistic Movement-Party and the Dangers of Duality. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2009. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1243891067

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