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Leiden University

1. Ham, Pepijn van. Habermas, legitimacy and deliberation. Let us bargain!.

Degree: 2018, Leiden University

Does the deliberative model of democracy as theorized by Jürgen Habermas yield illegitimate outcomes? To answer this question, I trace the foundations of Habermas' deliberative model and explore several critiques outlined by Aletta Norval. I argue that Habermas' model does not produce illegitimate outcomes in the three ways that Norval suggests. Firstly, the elitist argument fails because it either misconceives the reconstructive core of deliberative theory or it underestimates the ability of the public sphere to accommodate difference. Secondly, Norval’s argument that the need for compromise-formation weakens the deliberative model such that it should be reconsidered as a whole, fails as well, because bargaining depends on that same discourse model in order to produce fair agreements. Compromise-formation is thus indirectly yet decisively subjected to the discourse principle. Lastly, the post-structuralist critique fails. For Habermas, an orientation towards consensus does not mean that agreement is the goal of discourse, as Norval claims. Discussion, not consensus, is what is central to deliberation. Furthermore, the principle of neutrality does not preclude differences from being discussed. It is not a normative principle, but rather a result from the reconstruction of actual practices of argumentation. Advisors/Committee Members: Verbeek, B.J.E (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Jürgen Habermas; Legitimacy; Deliberation; Democracy; Aletta Norval

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ham, P. v. (2018). Habermas, legitimacy and deliberation. Let us bargain!. (Masters Thesis). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65391

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ham, Pepijn van. “Habermas, legitimacy and deliberation. Let us bargain!.” 2018. Masters Thesis, Leiden University. Accessed October 27, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65391.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ham, Pepijn van. “Habermas, legitimacy and deliberation. Let us bargain!.” 2018. Web. 27 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Ham Pv. Habermas, legitimacy and deliberation. Let us bargain!. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. [cited 2020 Oct 27]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65391.

Council of Science Editors:

Ham Pv. Habermas, legitimacy and deliberation. Let us bargain!. [Masters Thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65391

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