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Leiden University

1. Papazoglou, Chrysanthi. Heavy Metal under Scrutiny: The Controversial Battle for the Protection of America’s Youth.

Degree: 2017, Leiden University

Since its emergence, heavy metal music met with serious opposition. Accused of promoting violence, suicide, drug abuse and distorted images of sex, heavy metal artists were considered a threat to the well-being of America’s youth. These accusations were major arguments in the 1980s religious conservatives’ crusade to establish family values. Trying to raise parents’ awareness of the music’s alleged catastrophic effects, these conservatives campaigned to restrain or eliminate heavy metal music. In 1985, the then newly-formed Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) condemned several artists for advocating violence and substance abuse and for their predilection of the occult in their songs’ lyrics. PMRC created an agenda that was later used in court cases against heavy metal artists. Advisors/Committee Members: Bilt, Eduard van de (advisor), Polak, Sara Anne (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: American studies; North American studies; heavy metal; 1985 Labeling Hearing; music; counterculture; satanic scare; lyrics; 1980s; conservatives; PMRC

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Papazoglou, C. (2017). Heavy Metal under Scrutiny: The Controversial Battle for the Protection of America’s Youth. (Masters Thesis). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/54371

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Papazoglou, Chrysanthi. “Heavy Metal under Scrutiny: The Controversial Battle for the Protection of America’s Youth.” 2017. Masters Thesis, Leiden University. Accessed December 07, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/54371.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Papazoglou, Chrysanthi. “Heavy Metal under Scrutiny: The Controversial Battle for the Protection of America’s Youth.” 2017. Web. 07 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Papazoglou C. Heavy Metal under Scrutiny: The Controversial Battle for the Protection of America’s Youth. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Leiden University; 2017. [cited 2019 Dec 07]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/54371.

Council of Science Editors:

Papazoglou C. Heavy Metal under Scrutiny: The Controversial Battle for the Protection of America’s Youth. [Masters Thesis]. Leiden University; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/54371

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