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University of Wollongong

1. Shanahan, Madeleine Clare. Towards a more detailed understanding of professional knowledge updating: A learning activity mediated by information sources.

Degree: PhD, 2013, University of Wollongong

This research examined a fundamental aspect of delivery of high quality healthcare – the professional knowledge updating practice of health professionals. While prior studies have investigated aspects of professional knowledge updating, such as information sources utilised, factors influencing the level of activity or workplace access to needed information sources, there remains a need for an integrated investigative framework. This study adopted Engeström’s (2001) Activity System model as a framework to concurrently examine the contemporaneous value and use of electronic and non-electronic information sources for updating professional knowledge, as well as the factors that afford or constrain use of and workplace access to these tools. Each profession has their own unique disciplinary knowledge, whereby the information sources that disseminate new knowledge are contextually bound. The group selected for study was the Medical Radiation Science (MRS) profession. The study was implemented using a two-phase sequential mixed methods design. Phase 1 adopted a qualitative methodology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 participants representing four distinct areas of specialisation within the MRS profession: nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, radiography and sonography. Phase 1 sought to establish what information sources were utilised by MRS professionals to update their professional knowledge and to identify the perceived value and use of these sources. The findings from Phase 1 were used to inform Phase 2, which involved the development and administration of a questionnaire to Australian MRS professionals. The resultant participation rate was N=362, representing 31.7% of the posted questionnaires. Phase 2 sought to provide a descriptive account of professional knowledge updating practice within the MRS profession and establish factors influencing use of and workplace access to primary information sources for updating knowledge. The findings from this study identified that the primary information sources for updating professional knowledge, in ranked order of importance, were: seminars, conferences, Internet, books, electronic journals, health and medical databases, print journals, formal study and journal club (χ 2 = 509.994, df = 8, p < .001). This study also provided baseline data on the areas of knowledge updated by MRS professionals. The majority of survey respondents reported that they seek current information on: medical diseases/ pathology (79.2%, n=282), anatomy (65.4%, n=233), new technologies (63.2%, n=225), procedure or treatment techniques (62.6%, n=223) and professional issues (52.5%, n=187). Statistically significant positive relationships were observed between use of information sources to update professional knowledge and enrolment in a CPD program, membership of a professional society, greater physical access and greater effective access in the workplace to the information source. More frequent use of Internet search engines (p This research offers a rich…

Subjects/Keywords: Knowledge updating; mediated learning; information sources; health professional education; professional development; workplace learning

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Shanahan, M. C. (2013). Towards a more detailed understanding of professional knowledge updating: A learning activity mediated by information sources. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Wollongong. Retrieved from 130101 Continuing and Community Education, 130108 Technical, Further and Workplace Education, 130306 Educational Technology and Computing ; https://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/4199

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Shanahan, Madeleine Clare. “Towards a more detailed understanding of professional knowledge updating: A learning activity mediated by information sources.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Wollongong. Accessed December 05, 2019. 130101 Continuing and Community Education, 130108 Technical, Further and Workplace Education, 130306 Educational Technology and Computing ; https://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/4199.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Shanahan, Madeleine Clare. “Towards a more detailed understanding of professional knowledge updating: A learning activity mediated by information sources.” 2013. Web. 05 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Shanahan MC. Towards a more detailed understanding of professional knowledge updating: A learning activity mediated by information sources. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Wollongong; 2013. [cited 2019 Dec 05]. Available from: 130101 Continuing and Community Education, 130108 Technical, Further and Workplace Education, 130306 Educational Technology and Computing ; https://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/4199.

Council of Science Editors:

Shanahan MC. Towards a more detailed understanding of professional knowledge updating: A learning activity mediated by information sources. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Wollongong; 2013. Available from: 130101 Continuing and Community Education, 130108 Technical, Further and Workplace Education, 130306 Educational Technology and Computing ; https://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/4199


Tampere University

2. Peräaho, Hanna. Perheväkivallan tunnistaminen, siihen puuttuminen ja työntekijän toiminta perheväkivaltatilanteessa .

Degree: 2015, Tampere University

Pro gradu-tutkielman ensimmäinen osa on julkaisuharkintaan lähetetty tieteellinen artikkeli: Peräaho H, Leppäkoski T, Koivisto A-M, Kylmä J & Paavilainen E. 2015. Perheväkivallan tunnistaminen ja siihen puuttuminen sairaalassa: onko täydennyskoulutuksella merkitystä. Tutkimuksen tarkoitus on kuvata sairaanhoitopiirin työntekijöiden valmiuksia tunnistaa perheväkivaltaa ja puuttua siihen. Tarkoituksena on myös kuvata työntekijöiden moniammatillista yhteistyötä ja täydennyskoulutustarpeita perheväkivaltaan liittyen. Aineisto on kerätty kyselylomakkeella sähköisesti. Vastausprosentti on 13.4 % (n=295). Aineiston analysoinnissa on käytetty kvantitatiivisia ja kvalitatiivisia menetelmiä. Vastaajat kokevat perheväkivallan osapuolten tunnistamisen ja väkivaltaan puuttumisen vaikeana. Vain viidenneksellä vastaajista on käytössä toimintamalli perheväkivaltaan puuttumiseksi ja reilu kolmannes tekee yhteistyötä muiden auttajatahojen kanssa perheväkivallan osapuolten auttamiseksi. Vastaajilla, jotka eivät ole osallistuneet työnantajan järjestämään täydennyskoulutukseen, on heikommat valmiudet tunnistaa ja puuttua perheväkivaltaan, he tekevät vähemmän yhteistyötä muiden auttajatahojen kanssa ja ovat harvemmin tietoisia yhteisestä toimintamallista. Pro gradu-tutkielman toisen osan muodostaa tutkimuksen kyselylomakkeen avoimien vastauksien ja perusteluiden analyysi. Perheväkivallan tunnistamisessa on merkitystä mm. potilaan käyttäytymisen havainnoimisella, hoitosuhteessa tapahtuvalla vuorovaikutuksella, perheväkivallan ulkoisten merkkien havainnoimisella sekä työntekijän aktiivisuudella, kokemuksella ja intuitiolla. Perheväkivallan tunnistamista vaikeuttaa potilaan toiminta asian salaamiseksi sekä perheväkivallan haasteellisuus ilmiönä. Myös perheväkivaltaan puuttumista vaikeuttavat potilaasta johtuvat syyt ja lisäksi työntekijän ammattitaidon puute. Kun perheväkivallan puuttumisen toimintamallia käytetään, se auttaa tekemään yhteistyötä ja organisoimaan perheväkivaltatyön tekemistä. Työntekijöiden keskeiset yhteistyötahot perheväkivaltatilanteessa ovat sosiaalityöntekijä ja poliisi. ENGLISH SUMMARY The first part of this Master’s thesis consists of a research article which has been sent for publication consideration: Peräaho H, Leppäkoski T, Koivisto A-M, Kylmä J & Paavilainen E. 2015. Identifying and intervening in domestic violence: does an updating education matter? The purpose of this study is to describe the skills of the healthcare staff in identifying and intervening in domestic violence in a district hospital. Also the multi-professional collaboration and the needs of education of the staff were studied. Information was collected by an electronic query. Response rate was 13.4 %. The data was analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The respondents find both identifying and intervening in domestic violence difficult. One fifth of the respondents uses hospital districts guideline of intervening in domestic violence. One third of the respondents collaborates with different supporting…

Subjects/Keywords: perheväkivalta; väkivallan tunnistaminen; väkivaltaan puuttuminen; täydennyskoulutus domestic violence; identification of violence; intervention in violence; updating education

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Peräaho, H. (2015). Perheväkivallan tunnistaminen, siihen puuttuminen ja työntekijän toiminta perheväkivaltatilanteessa . (Masters Thesis). Tampere University. Retrieved from https://trepo.tuni.fi/handle/10024/97729

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Peräaho, Hanna. “Perheväkivallan tunnistaminen, siihen puuttuminen ja työntekijän toiminta perheväkivaltatilanteessa .” 2015. Masters Thesis, Tampere University. Accessed December 05, 2019. https://trepo.tuni.fi/handle/10024/97729.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Peräaho, Hanna. “Perheväkivallan tunnistaminen, siihen puuttuminen ja työntekijän toiminta perheväkivaltatilanteessa .” 2015. Web. 05 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Peräaho H. Perheväkivallan tunnistaminen, siihen puuttuminen ja työntekijän toiminta perheväkivaltatilanteessa . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Tampere University; 2015. [cited 2019 Dec 05]. Available from: https://trepo.tuni.fi/handle/10024/97729.

Council of Science Editors:

Peräaho H. Perheväkivallan tunnistaminen, siihen puuttuminen ja työntekijän toiminta perheväkivaltatilanteessa . [Masters Thesis]. Tampere University; 2015. Available from: https://trepo.tuni.fi/handle/10024/97729

3. Hunter, Martin Gray. Four Essays on a Student's Expectation that they will Complete College.

Degree: 2017, University of Kentucky

It has been common practice in the economics literature to utilize data on observed outcomes and negate what individuals believe or expect will happen in the future. Using responses to a unique set of questions in the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97) I show that the literature could benefit in several ways by incorporating such data. The leading essay documents a positive association between a student's subjective probabilistic belief that they will complete a four-year college degree and whether or not they attend and complete college. The results indicate the following. First, although overconfident, individuals as young as fifteen are willing and able to answer subjective probabilistic questions concerning education in a cohesive fashion. Second, these expectations are heterogeneous across race, gender, previous academic success, and parent education, and are influential in predicting whether or not they attend and ultimately complete a degree once these characteristics are controlled for. While the magnitude of the effect diminishes when including the standard economic controls, expectations remain significant and play a larger role as the student ages. Parent expectations are also positive and statistically associated with their child's future college success when the student is young but the significance diminishes as the student ages and gathers information related to the costs and benefits of a college degree. These findings indicate that students possess some form of private information that is not being completely captured by the standard variables used by econometricians to predict college attendance and completion. The second essay uses the NLSY97 to examine how students form and update their college completion expectations as they age out high school. I begin by estimating which factors are utilized by students when forming their expectations while in high school. I find that while these students are taking into account several of the relevant factors associated with college success, they also appear to be neglecting the impact that income and ability have on their likelihood of completing college or are over-relying on poor signals. I then test whether or not students update their expectations in a Bayesian fashion. A Bayesian model is developed. The three ways in which Bayesian students should respond to the acquisition of new information are discussed. Four sources of new information are identified and used in the testing. The testing reveals that students who report either a 0% or 100% chance of completing college do not appear to be Bayesian, but those who report within the 0% and 100% bounds do update in a Bayesian fashion. The third essay studies the accuracy and alignment of the individual's expectation that they will complete college. I utilize several unique aspects of the NLSY97 to create a measure of alignment based on the predicted probability that the respondent will eventually complete college and their expectation of doing so while either in high school or of college…

Subjects/Keywords: Expectations; Education; College Attendance; Matriculation; Completion; NLSY97; Bayesian; Updating; Alignment; Higher Education; Labor Economics; Public Economics

…25 25 27 34 36 43 49 The Formation and Updating of Post-secondary Educational Expectations… …Estimating the Updating Process of Student’s Expectations . . . . . . Conclusions and Future… …Expectations and Attainment by Race and Gender . College Completion Expectations by Parent Education… …Bayesian Updating Estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 57 59 64 68 71 73 76 79 80… …economics it has not been used in the economics of education realm. Essay one has two primary… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hunter, M. G. (2017). Four Essays on a Student's Expectation that they will Complete College. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Kentucky. Retrieved from https://uknowledge.uky.edu/economics_etds/33

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hunter, Martin Gray. “Four Essays on a Student's Expectation that they will Complete College.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Kentucky. Accessed December 05, 2019. https://uknowledge.uky.edu/economics_etds/33.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hunter, Martin Gray. “Four Essays on a Student's Expectation that they will Complete College.” 2017. Web. 05 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Hunter MG. Four Essays on a Student's Expectation that they will Complete College. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Kentucky; 2017. [cited 2019 Dec 05]. Available from: https://uknowledge.uky.edu/economics_etds/33.

Council of Science Editors:

Hunter MG. Four Essays on a Student's Expectation that they will Complete College. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Kentucky; 2017. Available from: https://uknowledge.uky.edu/economics_etds/33

.