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Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro

1. THOMAZ ESTRELLA DE BETTENCOURT. [en] THE THING IN ITSELF, THE TRANSCENDENTAL OBJECT AND THE NOUMENON: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON.

Degree: 2019, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro

[pt] Guiada pelo duplo propósito de esclarecer o significado dos conceitos de númeno, objeto transcendental e coisa em si mesma e de encontrar uma interpretação satisfatória para o problema da afecção transcendental, esta tese se desdobra em três partes. A primeira investiga a origem do conceito de númeno na Dissertação inaugural e analisa seus desdobramentos nas duas edições da Crítica da razão pura. Observaremos que o númeno pensado em seu sentido positivo passa a ser descrito como um conceito problemático, enquanto pensado em seu sentido negativo se revela imprescindível para a doutrina da sensibilidade. A segunda parte trata da definição kantiana de objeto transcendental e de suas relações com a coisa em si mesma e com a apercepção transcendental. Veremos que apesar de Kant associar o conceito de objeto transcendental à apercepção transcendental, ele não identifica o objeto em si mesmo com a apercepção. A terceira parte examina extensivamente o papel da coisa em si mesma em momentos cruciais da Crítica. A partir dessa perspectiva mais abrangente, notaremos que a noção de coisa em si mesma se relaciona com a razão e com entendimento de modos específicos, orientando e delimitando o conhecimento. A chave da interpretação erguida ao longo desse percurso é encontrada na conclusão da tese. Poderemos então finalmente mostrar que os conceitos de númeno, objeto transcendental e coisa em si mesma têm, cada um, uma função crítica sob a perspectiva da reflexão transcendental e, além disso, que a afecção pode ser considerada, assim como os objetos, tanto do ponto de vista empírico como do transcendental.

[en] Guided by the dual purpose of clarifying the meanings of the concepts of noumenon, transcendental object and the thing in itself and finding a satisfactory interpretation of the problem of transcendental affection, this thesis unfolds itself in three parts. The first researches the origin of the concept of noumenon in the Inaugural Dissertation and analyzes its development in both editions of the Critique of Pure Reason. We shall observe that noumenon thought in its positive sense turns out to be described as a problematic concept, while thought in its negative sense reveals to be essential to the doctrine of sensibility. The second part deals with the Kantian definition of the transcendental object and its connections with the thing in itself and with transcendental apperception. We shall see that although Kant associates the concept of the transcendental object with the transcendental apperception, he does not identify the object in itself with the apperception. The third part examines thoroughly the role of the thing in itself in crucial moments of the Critique. From this broader perspective, we shall notice that the notion of thing in itself relates to reason and understanding in specific ways, guiding and delimiting knowledge. The key to the interpretation built throughout this course is found in the conclusion of the thesis. We shall finally be able to show that the concepts of noumenon, transcendental object…

Advisors/Committee Members: EDGARD JOSE JORGE FILHO.

Subjects/Keywords: [pt] FENOMENO; [en] PHENOMENON; [pt] COISA EM SI MESMA; [en] THING IN ITSELF; [pt] OBJETO TRANSCENDENTAL; [en] TRANSCENDENTAL OBJECT; [pt] NUMENO; [en] NUMENON; [pt] AFECCAO TRANSCENDENTAL; [en] TRANSCENDENTAL AFFECTION; [pt] REFLEXAO TRANSCENDENTAL; [en] TRANSCENDENTAL REFLECTION; [pt] APERCEPCAO TRANSCENDENTAL; [en] TRANSCENDENTAL APPERCEPTION; [pt] IDEALISMO TRANSCENDENTAL; [en] TRANSCENDENTAL IDEALISM

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

BETTENCOURT, T. E. D. (2019). [en] THE THING IN ITSELF, THE TRANSCENDENTAL OBJECT AND THE NOUMENON: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON. (Thesis). Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved from http://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/Busca_etds.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=37973

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

BETTENCOURT, THOMAZ ESTRELLA DE. “[en] THE THING IN ITSELF, THE TRANSCENDENTAL OBJECT AND THE NOUMENON: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON.” 2019. Thesis, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. Accessed August 08, 2020. http://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/Busca_etds.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=37973.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

BETTENCOURT, THOMAZ ESTRELLA DE. “[en] THE THING IN ITSELF, THE TRANSCENDENTAL OBJECT AND THE NOUMENON: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON.” 2019. Web. 08 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

BETTENCOURT TED. [en] THE THING IN ITSELF, THE TRANSCENDENTAL OBJECT AND THE NOUMENON: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON. [Internet] [Thesis]. Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro; 2019. [cited 2020 Aug 08]. Available from: http://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/Busca_etds.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=37973.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

BETTENCOURT TED. [en] THE THING IN ITSELF, THE TRANSCENDENTAL OBJECT AND THE NOUMENON: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON. [Thesis]. Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro; 2019. Available from: http://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/Busca_etds.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=37973

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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