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You searched for subject:( Software crises). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Pretoria

1. Odendaal, Maria Elizabeth. An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory.

Degree: Computer Science, 2012, University of Pretoria

Even before software engineering was formally defined as a discipline, software projects were notorious for being behind schedule and over budget. The resulting software systems were also often described as unreliable. Researchers in the field have, over the years, theorised and proposed many standards, methods, processes and techniques to improve software project outcomes. Based on allegorical evidence, however, it would seem that these proposals are often not applied in practice. This study was inspired by a desire to probe this general theme, namely of the extent to which (if at all) software engineering theory is adopted in practice. The core of this research is an interpretive case study of a software project in the financial services industry that ran from end 2006 to mid 2008. I was one of a team of approximately 20 developers, analysts and development managers working on the project, until I left the company in 2009. Results are reported in a two-phase fashion over several themes. Firstly, the literature of recommended software engineering practices relating to a particular theme is reviewed. This is regarded as the "theory". Thereafter, the observations and evidence collected from the interpretive study in regard to the relevant theme is presented and discussed. The first theme investigated is the notion of "project outcome". Definitions of successful and failed software projects are considered from the perspective of the various stakeholders. Also considered are factors that contribute to project success or failure. After examining how case study participants viewed the project’s outcome, it is argued that the project could neither be labelled as a complete success nor as a complete failure. Two areas were identified as problematic: the requirements gathering process; and the system architecture that had been chosen. Improvements in these areas would arguably have most benefitted the project’s outcome. For this reason, recommended practices were probed in the literature relating both to requirements engineering and also to software architecture design. The case study project was then evaluated against these recommended practices to determine the degree to which they were implemented. In cases where the recommended practices were not implemented or only partially implemented, a number of reasons for the lack of adoption are considered. Of course, the conclusions made in this study as to why the recommended practices were not implemented cannot be naïvely generalized to the software engineering field as a whole. Instead, in line with the interpretive nature of the study, an attempt was made to gain in depth knowledge of a particular project, to show how that project’s individual characteristics influenced the adoption of software engineering theory, and to probe the consequences of such adoption or lack thereof. The study suggested that the complex and individual nature of software projects will have a substantial influence on the extent to which theory is adopted in practice. It also suggested that the… Advisors/Committee Members: Prof D G Kourie (advisor), Dr A Boake (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Software engineering; Software crises; Project outcome; Requirements engineering; Software architecture; Interpretive research; UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Odendaal, M. (2012). An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25756

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Odendaal, Maria. “An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory.” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed November 22, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25756.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Odendaal, Maria. “An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory.” 2012. Web. 22 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Odendaal M. An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. [cited 2019 Nov 22]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25756.

Council of Science Editors:

Odendaal M. An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25756


University of Pretoria

2. [No author]. An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory .

Degree: 2012, University of Pretoria

Even before software engineering was formally defined as a discipline, software projects were notorious for being behind schedule and over budget. The resulting software systems were also often described as unreliable. Researchers in the field have, over the years, theorised and proposed many standards, methods, processes and techniques to improve software project outcomes. Based on allegorical evidence, however, it would seem that these proposals are often not applied in practice. This study was inspired by a desire to probe this general theme, namely of the extent to which (if at all) software engineering theory is adopted in practice. The core of this research is an interpretive case study of a software project in the financial services industry that ran from end 2006 to mid 2008. I was one of a team of approximately 20 developers, analysts and development managers working on the project, until I left the company in 2009. Results are reported in a two-phase fashion over several themes. Firstly, the literature of recommended software engineering practices relating to a particular theme is reviewed. This is regarded as the "theory". Thereafter, the observations and evidence collected from the interpretive study in regard to the relevant theme is presented and discussed. The first theme investigated is the notion of "project outcome". Definitions of successful and failed software projects are considered from the perspective of the various stakeholders. Also considered are factors that contribute to project success or failure. After examining how case study participants viewed the project’s outcome, it is argued that the project could neither be labelled as a complete success nor as a complete failure. Two areas were identified as problematic: the requirements gathering process; and the system architecture that had been chosen. Improvements in these areas would arguably have most benefitted the project’s outcome. For this reason, recommended practices were probed in the literature relating both to requirements engineering and also to software architecture design. The case study project was then evaluated against these recommended practices to determine the degree to which they were implemented. In cases where the recommended practices were not implemented or only partially implemented, a number of reasons for the lack of adoption are considered. Of course, the conclusions made in this study as to why the recommended practices were not implemented cannot be naïvely generalized to the software engineering field as a whole. Instead, in line with the interpretive nature of the study, an attempt was made to gain in depth knowledge of a particular project, to show how that project’s individual characteristics influenced the adoption of software engineering theory, and to probe the consequences of such adoption or lack thereof. The study suggested that the complex and individual nature of software projects will have a substantial influence on the extent to which theory is adopted in practice. It also suggested that the… Advisors/Committee Members: Prof D G Kourie (advisor), Dr A Boake (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Software engineering; Software crises; Project outcome; Requirements engineering; Software architecture; Interpretive research; UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

author], [. (2012). An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory . (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06222012-183227/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

author], [No. “An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory .” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed November 22, 2019. http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06222012-183227/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

author], [No. “An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory .” 2012. Web. 22 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

author] [. An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. [cited 2019 Nov 22]. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06222012-183227/.

Council of Science Editors:

author] [. An interpretive case study into the application of software engineering theory . [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06222012-183227/

3. Saoutal, Amina. Amélioration de l'awareness informationnelle dans la collaboration inter-organisations pendant la gestion de crise : Enhancing the information awareness in the inter-agency collaboration during crisis management.

Degree: Docteur es, Ingénierie Sociotechnique des Connaissances, des Réseaux et du Développement Durable, 2015, Troyes

Des verrous technologiques et sociaux importants sont identifiés lors du soutien de la collaboration entre acteurs d’une crise : en particulier, souvent la conception de systèmes informatiques dans ce but ne répond pas aux besoins des utilisateurs et les systèmes trop rigides ne permettent pas de supporter des situations dynamiques où les évènements sont imprévus et font appel à des mesures émergentes. Pour s’affranchir de ces verrous, notre travail se positionne dans le domaine du travail collaboratif assisté par ordinateur (TCAO) focalisé sur les systèmes sociotechniques. Cette recherche s’inscrit dans la problématique d’un système flexible d’information et de communication qui supporte l’awareness informationnelle dans un contexte précis : la collaboration inter-organisationnelle dans des situations émergentes et complexes. Celles-ci ajoutent au travail collaboratif plusieurs contraintes, notamment le stress, l’imprévision, la multitude des acteurs et les frontières organisationnelles. Dans ce contexte, les différentes organisations – SAMU, pompiers, gendarmerie et autres - doivent acquérir et percevoir les informations qui leur sont utiles pour accomplir leurs activités inter-organisationnelles. Certes, les acteurs rencontrent des problèmes qui entravent l’atteinte de leurs objectifs. Avec l’aide des sciences sociales, cette étude apporte une contribution de recherche en informatique ouverte sur l’interdisciplinarité. Un apport important en est l’étude de l’aspect organisationnel et de l’aspect informationnel à partir des pratiques réelles des utilisateurs

In order to overcome the technological and social locks that are identified in supporting collaboration - for instance, the computer systems design problems that do not meet the needs of users and/or systems that are rigid and do not allow to deal with dynamic situations where events are unexpected and appeal to emerging measures - our work is positioned in the field of Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) characterized by the dualistic social and technical aspects.This research proposes flexible information and communication system that supports the information awareness in the inter-agency collaboration in emerging and complex situations as crisis. These situations add to a collaborative work several constraints such as stress, lack of foresight, the multitude of actors and organizational boundaries. In crisis management, the various organizations – emergency medical service, firefighters, police and others - need to perceive useful information to them to complete their inter-agency activities. However, actors encounter problems that prevent them to reach their goals. This study brings to its scale, a contribution in computer sciences opened to interdisciplinary with the help of social sciences which rely on study of current practices to understand and analyze the users, their activities and the work environment

Advisors/Committee Members: Cahier, Jean-Pierre (thesis director), Matta, Nada (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Logiciels de groupe; Groupes de travail  – Informatique; Gestion de crises; Communication dans les organisations; Prise de conscience; Technologie de l'information; Groupware (Computer software); Teams in the workplace  – Data processing; Crisis management; Communication in organizations; Awareness; Information technology; 658.403 8

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Saoutal, A. (2015). Amélioration de l'awareness informationnelle dans la collaboration inter-organisations pendant la gestion de crise : Enhancing the information awareness in the inter-agency collaboration during crisis management. (Doctoral Dissertation). Troyes. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2015TROY0036

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Saoutal, Amina. “Amélioration de l'awareness informationnelle dans la collaboration inter-organisations pendant la gestion de crise : Enhancing the information awareness in the inter-agency collaboration during crisis management.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, Troyes. Accessed November 22, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2015TROY0036.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Saoutal, Amina. “Amélioration de l'awareness informationnelle dans la collaboration inter-organisations pendant la gestion de crise : Enhancing the information awareness in the inter-agency collaboration during crisis management.” 2015. Web. 22 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Saoutal A. Amélioration de l'awareness informationnelle dans la collaboration inter-organisations pendant la gestion de crise : Enhancing the information awareness in the inter-agency collaboration during crisis management. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Troyes; 2015. [cited 2019 Nov 22]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2015TROY0036.

Council of Science Editors:

Saoutal A. Amélioration de l'awareness informationnelle dans la collaboration inter-organisations pendant la gestion de crise : Enhancing the information awareness in the inter-agency collaboration during crisis management. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Troyes; 2015. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2015TROY0036

.