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University of Pretoria

1. Hartwell, Leon. The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis.

Degree: Political Sciences, 2012, University of Pretoria

This study focuses on the debtor-creditor relationship between African states and the International Financial Institutions (IFIs). More specifically, it makes use of ‘post-positivist’ approaches as analytical tools and it compares the controversial Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) with so-called ‘post-SAPs’ in order to establish whether the latter debt relief strategies are an improvement on the former. Post-SAPs include, amongst others, the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC II) and Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). Jointly, the post-SAPs initiatives aim to make debt more sustainable, boost social spending and reduce poverty. The PRSP initiative in particular was full of promise (at least initially), as it entailed that debtors would rightfully be given the scope to create their own developmental strategies and that a blanket approach to development would be abandoned. Upon closer inspection the PRSP initiative is disappointing. The process itself is predetermined and there are additional IFI mechanisms (with traditional SAPs conditionalities) that should be read alongside this initiative. As the Great Recession starting in 2007 unfolded, the IFIs tended to stress the success and ‘resilience’ of HIPC II and PRSP countries. However, this study argues that supposed achievements are somewhat artificial and one needs to remain cautious about its long-term impacts. African economies experienced high economic growth rates in recent years, not because of World Bank and IMF endorsed policies, but because of debt relief and a commodity boom in the 2000s. The IFIs have not done anything to forge the developmental state in Africa. Several HIPC II and PRSP graduates are already starting to show signs of debt distress. Thus, there is a need to seriously rethink the roles of the World Bank and IMF in Africa. This study recommends that true adherence to the PRSP approach could be a first step to empower African states, and it calls for the establishment of an independent mechanism that will hold debtors and the IFIs accountable for unsustainable debt. Advisors/Committee Members: Prof M Schoeman (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Development; Poverty; Bwis; Africa; Imf; Ifis; World bank; Saps; Prsps; Great recession; UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hartwell, L. (2012). The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25265

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hartwell, Leon. “The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis.” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25265.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hartwell, Leon. “The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis.” 2012. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Hartwell L. The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25265.

Council of Science Editors:

Hartwell L. The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25265


University of Pretoria

2. Hartwell, Leon. The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis .

Degree: 2012, University of Pretoria

This study focuses on the debtor-creditor relationship between African states and the International Financial Institutions (IFIs). More specifically, it makes use of ‘post-positivist’ approaches as analytical tools and it compares the controversial Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) with so-called ‘post-SAPs’ in order to establish whether the latter debt relief strategies are an improvement on the former. Post-SAPs include, amongst others, the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC II) and Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). Jointly, the post-SAPs initiatives aim to make debt more sustainable, boost social spending and reduce poverty. The PRSP initiative in particular was full of promise (at least initially), as it entailed that debtors would rightfully be given the scope to create their own developmental strategies and that a blanket approach to development would be abandoned. Upon closer inspection the PRSP initiative is disappointing. The process itself is predetermined and there are additional IFI mechanisms (with traditional SAPs conditionalities) that should be read alongside this initiative. As the Great Recession starting in 2007 unfolded, the IFIs tended to stress the success and ‘resilience’ of HIPC II and PRSP countries. However, this study argues that supposed achievements are somewhat artificial and one needs to remain cautious about its long-term impacts. African economies experienced high economic growth rates in recent years, not because of World Bank and IMF endorsed policies, but because of debt relief and a commodity boom in the 2000s. The IFIs have not done anything to forge the developmental state in Africa. Several HIPC II and PRSP graduates are already starting to show signs of debt distress. Thus, there is a need to seriously rethink the roles of the World Bank and IMF in Africa. This study recommends that true adherence to the PRSP approach could be a first step to empower African states, and it calls for the establishment of an independent mechanism that will hold debtors and the IFIs accountable for unsustainable debt. Advisors/Committee Members: Prof M Schoeman (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Development; Poverty; Bwis; Africa; Imf; Ifis; World bank; Saps; Prsps; Great recession; UCTD

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hartwell, L. (2012). The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis . (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06042012-134001/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hartwell, Leon. “The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis .” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06042012-134001/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hartwell, Leon. “The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis .” 2012. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Hartwell L. The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06042012-134001/.

Council of Science Editors:

Hartwell L. The international political economy of structural adjustment programmes and poverty reduction strategy papers in Africa : a comparative analysis . [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2012. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-06042012-134001/


University of Vienna

3. Teubl, Carmen. Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien in PRSPs - "eigene Konzepte?".

Degree: 2010, University of Vienna

Diese Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien, vor allem mit dem Konzept der internationalen Finanzeinrichtungen (IFIs) – Weltbank und Internationaler Währungsfonds –, dem Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Ein PRSP soll im Sinne des ownership- Prinzips durch das jeweilige Land eigenständig formuliert, ausgearbeitet und umgesetzt werden. Eine erfolgreiche Bewilligung und damit die Bereitstellung finanzieller Mittel sind jedoch an bestimmte Konditionalitäten der IFIs gebunden. Die zentrale Frage dieser Arbeit, die anhand Tanzanias zweitem PRSP (National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty NSGRP) analysiert wird, dreht sich darum, ob die Armutsbekämpfungsstrategie des PRSPs tatsächlich ein „eigenes Konzept“ darstellt oder ob die Armutsdefinition und die Strategie stark an thematische und (wirtschafts)politische Schwerpunkte der IFIs angelehnt sind. Eine asymmetrische Beziehung konnte festgemacht werden in der vor allem die IFIs ihre wirtschaftlichen und politischen Interessen, aufgrund der Auflagen mit denen sie die Vergabe der finanziellen Mittel verbinden, durchsetzen können.

This thesis deals with poverty reduction strategies, especially with the concept of the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) – World Bank and International Monetary Fund – the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). The foundation of a PRSP includes the principle of ownership, which means that a PRSP should be formulated and implemented by each country. A successful endorsement and thus the provision of financial resources are tied to certain conditions set by the IFIs. On the basis of Tanzania's second PRSP (National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty NSGRP), the central question of this thesis is analyzed, to see if the formulated poverty reduction strategy in the PRSP is actually an “own concept” or if the definition of poverty and the strategy are adapted to the thematic and economic priorities by the IFIs. An asymmetric relationship became apparent, in which especially the IFIs can enforce their economic and political interests because of the conditions they tie up to the allocation of their financial support.

Subjects/Keywords: 70.99 Sozialwissenschaften allgemein: Sonstiges; 83.46 Entwicklungsökonomie; Armut / Armutsbekämpfungsstrategie / Armutsbekämpfungsstrategiepapiere / Weltbank / Internationaler Währungsfonds / Tansania; poverty / poverty reduction strategy / Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) / Worldbank / International Monetary Fund / Tanzania

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Teubl, C. (2010). Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien in PRSPs - "eigene Konzepte?". (Thesis). University of Vienna. Retrieved from http://othes.univie.ac.at/12199/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Teubl, Carmen. “Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien in PRSPs - "eigene Konzepte?".” 2010. Thesis, University of Vienna. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://othes.univie.ac.at/12199/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Teubl, Carmen. “Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien in PRSPs - "eigene Konzepte?".” 2010. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Teubl C. Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien in PRSPs - "eigene Konzepte?". [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Vienna; 2010. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://othes.univie.ac.at/12199/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Teubl C. Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien in PRSPs - "eigene Konzepte?". [Thesis]. University of Vienna; 2010. Available from: http://othes.univie.ac.at/12199/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.