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You searched for subject:( Prototype Word). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of South Africa

1. Cross, Saskia. A study of the effects of social variables on technological conceptualisation in light of the desktop metaphor .

Degree: 2015, University of South Africa

In this dissertation, I investigate whether the conceptualisation of computerised technological phenomena is influenced by social variables, in particular exposure to the computer. The conceptualisation and behaviour of a group of students majoring in technology-related fields were studied. Through the application of Conceptual Blending Theory, the multi-modal desktop metaphorical blend (DMMB) (as an electronic representation of an actual office desktop) was focused on. The participants were provided with tasks with the aim of determining whether they conceptualise the electronic desktop as a literal ‘thing-in-itself’ or as an e-version of their actual desks. The intent was to examine to what extent social variables, especially exposure, motivate the nature of the conceptualisation. Therefore, it is hypothesised that exposure, regarded as the primary variable in this study, influences conceptualisation of the DMMB to the extent where the it either loses its metaphoric quality in participants, who maintain regular and prolonged exposure to the computer, or retains the metaphoric quality of the DMMB in participants, who are not exposed to the computer on a regular and prolonged basis. Two groups were distinguished based on the extent of the individual participants’ exposure to computer technology, namely a high-exposure group and a low-exposure group. A mixed method approach was used to test and analyse data collected from individual participants, as well as from the high- and low-exposure groups. Methods used to test these hypotheses included questionnaires, word association (a conceptual task), controlled observation (a behavioural task), and interviews. The resulting data were analysed by means of a thematic interview analysis and non-parametric statistical tests. Advisors/Committee Members: Naicker, Suren (advisor), Wilsenach, Anneke Carien, 1975- (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Metaphorical blend; Desktop metaphor; Conceptual metaphor; Conceptual blending; Conceptualisation; Computer desktop; Prototype; Categories; Word association; Controlled observation; Thematic analysis; Cognition; Embodied cognition

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Cross, S. (2015). A study of the effects of social variables on technological conceptualisation in light of the desktop metaphor . (Masters Thesis). University of South Africa. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10500/20153

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Cross, Saskia. “A study of the effects of social variables on technological conceptualisation in light of the desktop metaphor .” 2015. Masters Thesis, University of South Africa. Accessed October 28, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10500/20153.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Cross, Saskia. “A study of the effects of social variables on technological conceptualisation in light of the desktop metaphor .” 2015. Web. 28 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Cross S. A study of the effects of social variables on technological conceptualisation in light of the desktop metaphor . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of South Africa; 2015. [cited 2020 Oct 28]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10500/20153.

Council of Science Editors:

Cross S. A study of the effects of social variables on technological conceptualisation in light of the desktop metaphor . [Masters Thesis]. University of South Africa; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10500/20153


University of the Western Cape

2. Mheta, Gift. A contextual analysis of compound nouns in Shona lexicography .

Degree: 2011, University of the Western Cape

This research is in the area of lexicography and investigates the relationship between Shona terminology development and the culture of the language community for which the terminology is intended. It is a contextual analysis of compound nouns found in Shona terminological dictionaries. The study specifically explores how lexicographers together with health, music, language and literature specialists make use of their knowledge about Shona cultural contexts in the creation of compound nouns. Thus, this research foregrounds Shona socio-cultural contexts and meaning generation in terminology development. This study employs a quadruple conceptual framework. The four components of the framework that are utilised are the Traditional Descriptive Approach (TDA), Cognitive Approach (CG), Systemic Functional Approach (SFL), and Semiotic Remediation (SRM). TDA is used in the linguistic categorisation of Shona compound nouns. In addition, it provides the metalanguage with which to describe the constituent parts of Shona compound nouns. As TDA is mainly confined to the linguistic dimension, this research employs CG, SFL, and SRM to explore the cultural and socio-cognitive dimensions of terminology development. Advisors/Committee Members: Banda, Felix (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Context; Compound Noun; Shona; Lexicography; Terminology; Prototype Word; Metaphor; Systemic Functional Linguistics; Traditional Descriptive Approach; Cognitive Grammar; Semiotic Remediation; Standardisation; Socio-Cognitive Dimension; Linguistic Dimension

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Mheta, G. (2011). A contextual analysis of compound nouns in Shona lexicography . (Thesis). University of the Western Cape. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11394/1757

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mheta, Gift. “A contextual analysis of compound nouns in Shona lexicography .” 2011. Thesis, University of the Western Cape. Accessed October 28, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/11394/1757.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mheta, Gift. “A contextual analysis of compound nouns in Shona lexicography .” 2011. Web. 28 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Mheta G. A contextual analysis of compound nouns in Shona lexicography . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of the Western Cape; 2011. [cited 2020 Oct 28]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/1757.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Mheta G. A contextual analysis of compound nouns in Shona lexicography . [Thesis]. University of the Western Cape; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/1757

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Linköping University

3. Utgof, Darja. The Perception of Lexical Similarities Between L2 English and L3 Swedish.

Degree: Culture and Communication, 2008, Linköping University

The present study investigates lexical similarity perceptions by students of Swedish as a foreign language (L3) with a good yet non-native proficiency in English (L2). The general theoretical framework is provided by studies in transfer of learning and its specific instance, transfer in language acquisition. It is accepted as true that all previous linguistic knowledge is facilitative in developing proficiency in a new language. However, a frequently reported phenomenon is that students see similarities between two systems in a different way than linguists and theoreticians of education do. As a consequence, the full facilitative potential of transfer remains unused. The present research seeks to shed light on the similarity perceptions with the focus on the comprehension of a written text. In order to elucidate students’ views, a form involving similarity judgements and multiple choice questions for formally similar items has been designed, drawing on real language use as provided by corpora. 123 forms have been distributed in 6 groups of international students, 4 of them studying Swedish at Level I and 2 studying at Level II.  The test items in the form vary in the degree of formal, semantic and functional similarity from very close cognates, to similar words belonging to different word classes, to items exhibiting category membership and/or being in subordinate/superordinate relation to each other, to deceptive cognates. The author proposes expected similarity ratings and compares them to the results obtained. The objective measure of formal similarity is provided by a string matching algorithm, Levenshtein distance. The similarity judgements point at the fact that intermediate similarity values can be considered problematic. Similarity ratings between somewhat similar items are usually lower than could be expected. Besides, difference in grammatical meaning lowers similarity values significantly even if lexical meaning nearly coincides. Thus, the obtained results indicate that in order to utilize similarities to facilitate language learning, more attention should be paid to underlying similarities.

Subjects/Keywords: master; master's programme; master's programme in language and culture; language; culture; general linguistics; linguistics; foreign language acquisition; similarity; formal similarity; semantic similarity; functional similarity; transfer; transfer of learning; language acquisition; form; form-based research; crosslinguistic infuence; one-year master; english; swedish; lexical similarities; false friends; cognates; deceptive cognates; origin; words of the same origin; proto-germanic; proto-indo-european; competence; performance; comprehension; corpus; corpus-based data; corpus-based research; levenshtein distance; objective similarity; perceived similarity; frequency; prototype; prototypicality; proficiency; context; informed guess; simchecker; word recognition; tachitoscopic experiments; semantic correspondence; similarity judgements; eurocom; surface transfer; deep transfer; lateral transfer; Specific Languages; Studier av enskilda språk; General Language Studies and Linguistics; Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Utgof, D. (2008). The Perception of Lexical Similarities Between L2 English and L3 Swedish. (Thesis). Linköping University. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15874

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Utgof, Darja. “The Perception of Lexical Similarities Between L2 English and L3 Swedish.” 2008. Thesis, Linköping University. Accessed October 28, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15874.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Utgof, Darja. “The Perception of Lexical Similarities Between L2 English and L3 Swedish.” 2008. Web. 28 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Utgof D. The Perception of Lexical Similarities Between L2 English and L3 Swedish. [Internet] [Thesis]. Linköping University; 2008. [cited 2020 Oct 28]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15874.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Utgof D. The Perception of Lexical Similarities Between L2 English and L3 Swedish. [Thesis]. Linköping University; 2008. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15874

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.