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You searched for subject:( Kdm6b). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of Oregon

1. Akerberg, Alexander. CONTEMPORARY GENETIC TOOLS FOR IN VIVO INVESTIGATIONS OF H3K27 DEMETHYLASES IN ZEBRAFISH CARDIOGENESIS.

Degree: 2016, University of Oregon

Dynamic histone modification has emerged as a robust and versatile regulator of gene expression in eukaryotic cells. One such modification, the trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27me3) is facilitated by the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) and contributes to the localized repression of transcription. Subsequently, lysine specific demethylase Kdm6b (Jmjd3) can relieve the repressive H3K27me3 mark, allowing for transcriptional activation. In vitro studies have suggested a role for Kdm6b during mesodermal and cardiovascular differentiation in mammalian embryonic stem cells; however, this relationship has yet to be characterized in vivo. I utilized the advantages of the zebrafish model to investigate the in vivo roles of Kdm6b-family demethylases during development using a reverse genetic approach. I carried out two independent loss-of-function studies to analyze the role of Kdm6b-family demethylases during embryonic development in zebrafish. By comparing genetic loss-of-function and morpholino-mediated knockdown approaches, I found that morpholino–mediated knockdown of kdm6bb transcript produces off-target effects and does not portray an accurate representation of in vivo function. I then show that, while not required for early cardiogenesis, histone demethylases kdm6ba and kdm6bb function redundantly to promote late stage proliferation during heart ventricle trabeculation. These data reveal a previously unknown functional relationship and support the hypothesis that Kdm6b-family demethylases function primarily during later stages of development. Additionally, my description of morpholino-induced off-target effects supports the need to use extreme caution when interpreting morphant phenotypes. Due to the embryonic lethality exhibited by kdm6b-deficient embryos and the limited tools available for spatiotemporal transgene control in zebrafish, I was unable to investigate demethylase function within adult animals. I attempted to circumvent these limitations by creating an inducible gene expression system that uses tissue-specific transgenes that express the Gal4 transcription factor fused to the estrogen-binding domain of the human estrogen receptor. I showed that these Gal4-ERT driver lines confer rapid, tissue-specific induction of UAS-controlled transgenes following tamoxifen exposure in both embryos and adult fish. I then demonstrated how this technology could be used to define developmental windows of gene function by spatiotemporally controlling expression of constitutively active Notch1 in embryos. This dissertation contains previously published co-authored material. Advisors/Committee Members: Stankunas, Kryn (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: chromatin; demethylase; kdm6b

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Akerberg, A. (2016). CONTEMPORARY GENETIC TOOLS FOR IN VIVO INVESTIGATIONS OF H3K27 DEMETHYLASES IN ZEBRAFISH CARDIOGENESIS. (Thesis). University of Oregon. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1794/20676

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Akerberg, Alexander. “CONTEMPORARY GENETIC TOOLS FOR IN VIVO INVESTIGATIONS OF H3K27 DEMETHYLASES IN ZEBRAFISH CARDIOGENESIS.” 2016. Thesis, University of Oregon. Accessed March 25, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1794/20676.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Akerberg, Alexander. “CONTEMPORARY GENETIC TOOLS FOR IN VIVO INVESTIGATIONS OF H3K27 DEMETHYLASES IN ZEBRAFISH CARDIOGENESIS.” 2016. Web. 25 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Akerberg A. CONTEMPORARY GENETIC TOOLS FOR IN VIVO INVESTIGATIONS OF H3K27 DEMETHYLASES IN ZEBRAFISH CARDIOGENESIS. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Oregon; 2016. [cited 2019 Mar 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1794/20676.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Akerberg A. CONTEMPORARY GENETIC TOOLS FOR IN VIVO INVESTIGATIONS OF H3K27 DEMETHYLASES IN ZEBRAFISH CARDIOGENESIS. [Thesis]. University of Oregon; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1794/20676

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Duke University

2. WIJAYATUNGE, RANJULA. The H3K27 Histone Demethylase Kdm6b (Jmjd3) is Induced by Neuronal Activity and Contributes to Neuronal Survival and Differentiation .

Degree: 2012, Duke University

Changes in gene transcription driven by the activation of intracellular calcium signaling pathways play an important role in neural development and plasticity. A growing body of evidence suggests that stimulus-driven modulation of histone modifications play an important role in the regulation of neuronal activity-regulated gene transcription. However, the histone modifying enzymes that are targets of activity-regulated signaling cascades in neurons remain to be identified. The histone demethylases (HDMs) are a large family of enzymes that have selective catalytic activity against specific sites of histone methylation. To identify HDMs that may be important for activity-regulated gene transcription in neurons, we induced seizures in mice and screened for HDMs whose expression is induced in the hippocampus. Among the few HDMs that changed expression, Kdm6b showed the highest induction. Kdm6B is a histone H3K27-specific HDM whose enzymatic activity leads to transcriptionally permissive chromatin environments. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that Kdm6b is highly induced in post-mitotic neurons of the dentate gyrus region of the hippocampus. We can recapitulate the activity-dependent induction of Kdm6b expression in cultured hippocampal neurons by application of Bicuculline, a GABAA receptor antagonist that leads to synaptic NMDA receptor activation and calcium influx. Kdm6b expression is also induced following application of BDNF, a neurotrophic factor that is upregulated in the seized hippocampus. To investigate possible functions of Kdm6b in neuronal development, we performed in situ hybridization analysis that allows for the identification of regions with high Kdm6b expression that could be sites of potential function in the developing mouse brain. We found high levels of Kdm6b expression in the inner layer of the external granule layer of the cerebellum, a region where pre-migratory immature neurons reside and a site of significant apoptosis. On the basis of this data and the fact that intracellular calcium signaling arising from synaptic firing supports neuronal survival, we explored the necessity for Kdm6b in the survival of cultured cerebellar granule cells. Knock down of Kdm6b by RNAi increases cell death, demonstrating that Kdm6b contributes to neuronal survival. Ongoing experiments are addressing the role of Kdm6b in neuronal differentiation. Overall these data raise the possibility that stimulus-dependent regulation of Kdm6b, and perhaps regulation of H3K27 methylation mediated by Kdm6b, may contribute to the regulation of gene expression in neurons and thus to their proper development and plasticity. Advisors/Committee Members: WEST, ANNE E (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Neurosciences; Differentiation; Histone demethylases; Kdm6b; Survival

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

WIJAYATUNGE, R. (2012). The H3K27 Histone Demethylase Kdm6b (Jmjd3) is Induced by Neuronal Activity and Contributes to Neuronal Survival and Differentiation . (Thesis). Duke University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5577

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

WIJAYATUNGE, RANJULA. “The H3K27 Histone Demethylase Kdm6b (Jmjd3) is Induced by Neuronal Activity and Contributes to Neuronal Survival and Differentiation .” 2012. Thesis, Duke University. Accessed March 25, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5577.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

WIJAYATUNGE, RANJULA. “The H3K27 Histone Demethylase Kdm6b (Jmjd3) is Induced by Neuronal Activity and Contributes to Neuronal Survival and Differentiation .” 2012. Web. 25 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

WIJAYATUNGE R. The H3K27 Histone Demethylase Kdm6b (Jmjd3) is Induced by Neuronal Activity and Contributes to Neuronal Survival and Differentiation . [Internet] [Thesis]. Duke University; 2012. [cited 2019 Mar 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5577.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

WIJAYATUNGE R. The H3K27 Histone Demethylase Kdm6b (Jmjd3) is Induced by Neuronal Activity and Contributes to Neuronal Survival and Differentiation . [Thesis]. Duke University; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5577

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.