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University of South Africa

1. Thupa, Moliehi Florence. Expansion strategies of multinational corporations in African emerging economies .

Degree: 2019, University of South Africa

This study investigated the determinants of expansion strategies that are adopted by MNCs that invest in African emerging economies. Literature suggests that expansion strategies have received little research attention, especially in the African context. Previous studies suggest that MNCs initiate their internationalisation process through exportation, and then explore other resource-committed expansion strategies (FDIs) at a later stage. A number of theories have been used to explain the behaviour and decisions of MNCs in this regard. One of the prominent theories in this regard is Dunning‘s OLI paradigm that has been the most influential and widely used, but this study was premised on internationalisation theory. For the purposes of this study, two expansion strategies of MNCs were identified as greenfield foreign direct investment (FDI) and exports. The study sampled six top African emerging countries rated by the stock size and volume of FDI inflow they had attracted. The study utilised the cross-sectional time-series data for period spanning 1996 to 2016. The data were accessed from statistical records of African Development indicators (ADI), a statistical arm of the World Bank. This quantitative research employed econometrics estimation technique to achieve its objectives, namely OLS regression. The study relied on Durbin-Watson statistics contained in ordinary least squares (OLS) regression to attend to issues of autocorrelation. To establish long run relationship, Johansen‘s cointegration approach was employed.; Thutelo ye e nyakišitše ditšhupo tša maano a katološo ao a amogetšwego ke dikhamphani tše di dirago dinageng tše ntši (diMNC) tšeo di beeleditšego ka go diekonomi tše di golago tša Afrika. Dingwalo di šišinya gore maano a katološo a filwe šedi ye nnyane ya dinyakišišo, gagolo kemong ya Afrika. Dithutelo tše di šetšego di dirilwe di šišinya gore diMNC di thome tshepedišo ya go oketša tiro ya feme boemong bja boditšhabatšhaba ka mokgwa wa kišontle, gomme ka morago di hlohlomiše maano a mangwe a katološo a boikemišetšo go fa ditlakelo le thušo tše di nyakegago go fihlelela dinepo tše di filwego tša feme nakong ye e tlo latelago. Diteori tše mmalwa di dirišitšwe go hlaloša mokgwa wa go dira le diphetho tša diMNC malebana le se. Ye nngwe ya diteori tše bohlokwa malebana le se, gape yeo e bego e le ye e nago le khuetšo ye kgolo gape e dirišitšwego ka bophara, ke dikgopolo ka ga ka moo dilo di šomago tša OLI go ya ka Dunning, eupša thutelo ye e begilwego bjalo ka matseno go teori ya kgodišo ya difeme gore di dire dinageng tše dingwe. Ka lebaka la morero wa thutelo ye, maano a katološo a mabedi a diMNC a šupilwe bjalo ka peeletšo thwi ge motho a hloma khamphani nageng e šele (FDI) le kišontle. Thutelo e tšeere dinaga tše tshela tša boemo bja godimo tšeo di golago tšeo di lekantšwego ka bogolo bja thoto le bolumo ya ditseno tša FDI tšeo di di tlišitšego. Thutelo ye e dirišitše tshedimošo yeo e hweditšwego ka go lemoga dinomoro tšeo di kgobokeditšwego dinakong tše di fapanego dinakong ka sebaka sa nako seo se… Advisors/Committee Members: Aregbeshola, Rafiu Adewale (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Determinants; Expansion; Internationalization; Strategies; Exports; Foreign direct investment; Multinational corporations; Host economies; Emerging economies; Africa

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APA (6th Edition):

Thupa, M. F. (2019). Expansion strategies of multinational corporations in African emerging economies . (Masters Thesis). University of South Africa. Retrieved from http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/25637

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Thupa, Moliehi Florence. “Expansion strategies of multinational corporations in African emerging economies .” 2019. Masters Thesis, University of South Africa. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/25637.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Thupa, Moliehi Florence. “Expansion strategies of multinational corporations in African emerging economies .” 2019. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Thupa MF. Expansion strategies of multinational corporations in African emerging economies . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of South Africa; 2019. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/25637.

Council of Science Editors:

Thupa MF. Expansion strategies of multinational corporations in African emerging economies . [Masters Thesis]. University of South Africa; 2019. Available from: http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/25637

2. Στατήρη, Ηράκλεια. Διερεύνηση των επιπτώσεων του τουρισμού σε μία χώρα υποδοχής επί επιλεγμένων προιόντων που συνθέτουν την τουριστική κατανάλωση. Σχέση εγχώριας παραγωγής και εισαγωγών.

Degree: 2011, University of Patras

Ο τουρισμός συνιστά ένα ιδιόμορφο φαινόμενο λόγω της προσωρινής μεταβατικής κατάστασης που βρίσκεται ο επισκέπτης, ο οποίος ενεργοποιεί τον τουρισμό. Εχει ποικίλες επιπτώσεις, και λόγω του μεγέθους του, οι επιπτώσεις αυτές είναι πλέον αρκετά σημαντικές. Ιδιαίτερου ενδιαφέροντος αποτελούν οι οικονομικές επιπτώσεις του τουρισμού, ειδικά στις οικονομίες υποδοχής επισκεπτών. Στην παρούσα εργασία, κατόπιν της ανάπτυξης του αναγκαίου θεωρητικού υποβάθρου, επιδιώκεται η ανάπτυξη ενός μεθοδολογικού μοντέλου για την, κατά το δυνατό,πιο άμεση και ορθή εκτίμηση αυτών των οικονομικών επιπτώσεων. Το προτεινόμενο μοντέλο κάνει χρήση στατιστικών δεδομένων τα οποία ήδη συλλέγονται απο τις αρμόδιες υπηρεσίες, και έτσι το κόστος του είναι ελάχιστο.

Tourism is a peculiar phenomenon due to the temporary transitional situation of visitors, which are the ones who make tourism to exist. Tourism has various effects, and because of its size, tourism impacts are now significant. Of particular interest are the economic impacts of tourism, especially in economies that host visitors. In this project, after developing the necessary theoritical background, it is develop a methodological model for the most possible direct and accurate assessment of these economic impacts. The proposed model makes use of statistical data already collected by the relevant authorities, what minimizes the cost.

Advisors/Committee Members: Ζαχαράτος, Γεράσιμος, Statiri, Herakleia, Βουτσινάς, Βασίλειος, Πανοπούλου, Μαρία.

Subjects/Keywords: Τουρισμός; Οικονομία υποδοχής; Οικονομικές επιπτώσεις; Εγχώρια παραγωγή; Εισαγωγές; 381.459 149 5; Tourism; Economies that host visitors; Economic impacts; Domestic product; Imports

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Στατήρη, . (2011). Διερεύνηση των επιπτώσεων του τουρισμού σε μία χώρα υποδοχής επί επιλεγμένων προιόντων που συνθέτουν την τουριστική κατανάλωση. Σχέση εγχώριας παραγωγής και εισαγωγών. (Masters Thesis). University of Patras. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10889/5044

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Στατήρη, Ηράκλεια. “Διερεύνηση των επιπτώσεων του τουρισμού σε μία χώρα υποδοχής επί επιλεγμένων προιόντων που συνθέτουν την τουριστική κατανάλωση. Σχέση εγχώριας παραγωγής και εισαγωγών.” 2011. Masters Thesis, University of Patras. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10889/5044.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Στατήρη, Ηράκλεια. “Διερεύνηση των επιπτώσεων του τουρισμού σε μία χώρα υποδοχής επί επιλεγμένων προιόντων που συνθέτουν την τουριστική κατανάλωση. Σχέση εγχώριας παραγωγής και εισαγωγών.” 2011. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Στατήρη . Διερεύνηση των επιπτώσεων του τουρισμού σε μία χώρα υποδοχής επί επιλεγμένων προιόντων που συνθέτουν την τουριστική κατανάλωση. Σχέση εγχώριας παραγωγής και εισαγωγών. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Patras; 2011. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10889/5044.

Council of Science Editors:

Στατήρη . Διερεύνηση των επιπτώσεων του τουρισμού σε μία χώρα υποδοχής επί επιλεγμένων προιόντων που συνθέτουν την τουριστική κατανάλωση. Σχέση εγχώριας παραγωγής και εισαγωγών. [Masters Thesis]. University of Patras; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10889/5044

3. Fotopoulos, Stafanos. The economics of greek banks’ internationalization in the south east european transition economies.

Degree: 2013, University of Macedonia Economic and Social Sciences; Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας Οικονομικών και Κοινωνικών Επιστημών

This thesis deals with the economics of Greek banks‟ internationalization. The analysisfocuses on specific aspects of Greek banks‟ expansion over the previous decade, aperiod to which little attention has been paid by the pre-existing literature. Seven Greekbanks expanded into the transition economies of South Eastern Europe (SEE), namelyAlbania, Bulgaria, FYROM, Romania, and Serbia, from 2000 to 2009. As a result ofthis expansion, all multinational Greek banks have managed to gain significant shares inthe SEE banking market. The size and pattern of this expansion is analyzed in variousparts of the thesis.The determinants of Greek banks‟ expansion in SEE are examined in theEclectic Paradigm nexus. Considering the expansion in this nexus, the extent to whichGreek banks followed their home customers abroad from 2000 to 2007 is highlighted.Rejecting the “follow the customer” hypothesis for the specific period, the econometricresults provide interesting findings regarding the validity of the three sets of advantagessuggested by the Eclectic Paradigm. Regarding ownership advantages, Greek banks‟intangible assets are found to be more significant than the respective tangible ones,while location advantages exhibit the highest significance among all sets of advantages.More specifically, favorable host country economic and regulatory conditions are foundto have affected significantly Greek banks‟ decision to invest further in the lessdeveloped economies of SEE. Moreover, similarities between host and homegovernance conditions, captured in a unique way in this thesis, are also proved to havebeen a significant factor of Greek banks‟ expansion. Lastly, regarding internalizationadvantages, this analysis casts doubts on the validity of the specific set of advantages. Inreality, it seems as though Greek banks expanded into SEE economies in order to followprofit opportunities, rather than simply to follow their home customers abroad. This thesis also examines the impact of the expansion of Greek banks in the SEEon the host economies. For the needs of the analysis, the ways in which Greek banksaffect the host economies indirectly are considered, mainly through two channels; thebank lending channel (BLC) and the resource allocation channel. The role that Greekbanks have played in the BLC of the domestic economies and in domestic creditstability, along with the contribution of Greek banks to domestic resource allocation,appears to have been crucial for the economic growth of SEE.A descriptive analysis illustrates Greek credit supply and credit stability in thehost economies. Also, the response of Greek banks to adverse host conditions and thetransmission of home adverse conditions to the five transition economies are illustratedthrough a panel of “crisis windows”. A “pull – push factors” descriptive analysisindicates that Greek banks did not respond significantly to non-monetary host shocksbetween 2000 and 2009. Regarding push factors, the research revealed that the onlynegative shocks (generated back in Greece) that Greek banks have…

Subjects/Keywords: Διεθνοποίηση τραπεζικού συστήματος; Ελληνικές τράπεζες; Εκλεκτική θεωρία στη διεθνή τραπεζική; Υπό μετάβασιν οικονομίες; Μεταβλητότητα πιστοδότησης στις υπό μετάβασιν οικονομίες; Κανάλι τραπεζικού δανεισμού; Ανακατανομή παραγωγικών συντελεστών; Άμεσες ξένες επενδύσεις στον χρηματοοικονομικό τομέα; Banking sector's internationalization; Greek banks; Eclectic theory in international banking; Transition economies; Credit volatility in host economies; Bank lending channel; Resource allocation; Financial sector foreign direct investment (FSFDI)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Fotopoulos, S. (2013). The economics of greek banks’ internationalization in the south east european transition economies. (Thesis). University of Macedonia Economic and Social Sciences; Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας Οικονομικών και Κοινωνικών Επιστημών. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/31769

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Fotopoulos, Stafanos. “The economics of greek banks’ internationalization in the south east european transition economies.” 2013. Thesis, University of Macedonia Economic and Social Sciences; Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας Οικονομικών και Κοινωνικών Επιστημών. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/31769.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Fotopoulos, Stafanos. “The economics of greek banks’ internationalization in the south east european transition economies.” 2013. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Fotopoulos S. The economics of greek banks’ internationalization in the south east european transition economies. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Macedonia Economic and Social Sciences; Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας Οικονομικών και Κοινωνικών Επιστημών; 2013. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/31769.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Fotopoulos S. The economics of greek banks’ internationalization in the south east european transition economies. [Thesis]. University of Macedonia Economic and Social Sciences; Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας Οικονομικών και Κοινωνικών Επιστημών; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/31769

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.